|Black Medick Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Medicago lupulina|
It is native to Europe, near east, north Africa and most of Asia including China, India and Korea. It is naturalized in central Asia, South Africa, Japan, New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the United States and South America. It is found throughout United States including Alaska and Hawaii. It thrives well in dry to moist and well drained soils.
Corolla is yellow, zygomorphic and 2–3 mm (0.08–0.12 in.) long and fused at base. Calyx is five lobed. Inflorescence is an axillary, globose-elongated, long stalked and dense raceme.
Leaves are stalked, stipulate and alternate. Leaflets are obovate having notched tips and sharp pointed or tip with toothed margins.
Fruits are kidney shaped, glabrous, net veined, coiled and 1.5-3 mm (0.06-0.12 in.) long. It is a one seeded, brownish black and indehiscent pod.
Medicago lupulina is found in roadsides, lawns, waste ground, harbours, railway yards and shores.
- Cook the seeds and leaves and use it as potherb.
- Ground the seeds into powder.
- Sprouted seeds are consumed.