|Devil's cotton Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Abroma augusta|
|Origin||Available in Eastern Africa, South & Tropical Asia and Australia.|
|Shapes||Capsule, five winged, obpyramidal, Diameter: 3.5 cm (Fruit)|
|Health benefits||Lowers glucose absorption, Treat diabetes, Promote hemoglobin, Antimicrobial properties|
|More facts about Devil's cotton|
The species grows as a large shrub or small tree which is 2.5 m tall. Leaves are 10-21 cm long and 5.5-13 cm wide with a heart shaped or ovate to oblong. It has lance shaped and fused base sepals. There are five, concave and prolonged above. It bears fruit which is a five winged capsule, obpyramidal and 3.5 cm as a diameter. Seeds are obovate and 3 x 2 mm in size. The roots are fibrous and dull.
It is available in Eastern Africa, South & Tropical Asia and Australia. It is cultivated widely in India from Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Meghalaya. It is cultivated for ornamental purposes.
Health Benefits of Devil’s cotton
Devil’s cotton is an aid for various health ailments. The bark of the root helps in the regulation of menstrual periods. Other health benefits are:
- Lowers glucose absorption
The research shows that the leaf extracts of devil’s cotton helps to treat Type 2 DM which assist the glucose absorption. The presence of water soluble fibers helps to lowers the metformin activities. It also prevents the physical and chemical interaction. It also eliminates the drugs absorption which is still need to be investigated. (1)
- Treat diabetes
In India, it is used in Ayurvedic medicine in order to treat the diabetes. Coccinia indica and Abroma augusta helps to cure the diabetes. The extract of dried roots (powdered) and leaves should be provided regularly for about eight weeks. It stimulates the glucose tolerance and lipid profile of serum. (2)
- Promote hemoglobin
The study of aqueous extract on the lipid peroxidation, blood glucose and antioxidant defense in the kidney, lung, liver and brain in the diabetic rats. It reduced the blood glucose and raise the hemoglobin significantly. It reduced the formation of free radicals. (3)
- Antimicrobial properties
The leaves possess the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Moreover the report shows the cytotoxicity against HepG2 and phenolic compounds. (4)
- The sap of bark is an uterine tonic and emenagogue.
- The root use for itch.
- It is helpful for dysmenorrhea, uterine disorders, rheumatism, arthritic pain and diabetes.
- It provides relief from headache that is caused due to sinusitis.
- The infusion made from leaves and stems in cold water is used as a demulcent and treats gonorrhea.
- In Ayurveda, it is used to treat used for chronic uterine bleeding.
- Stems and leaves are used in Bangladesh to cure menstrual disorders and uterus diseases.
- The bark and roots are used to cure the leucorrhea and menstrual problems.
- In India, it is used as a cure for dysmenorrhea.
- The decoction made from leaves and stem bark is used in Himalayas for the treatment for diabetes.
- The juice extracted from root bark helps to regulate the menstrual flow.
- The leaves help to treat uterine disorders, rheumatic pain of joints and diabetes.
- Leaves and stem are demulcent and an infusion of fresh leaves and stem in cold water is very efficacious in gonorrhea.
- It regulates the flow of menstruation and also used as abortifacient.
- In India, it is used for the treatment of dysmenorrhea.
- It helps to treat uterine disorders, rheumatic joint pain, diabetes, stomachache, gonorrhea, diabetes and dermatitis.
- The roots are boiled in water in order to prepare decoction. For this, 5 gm of root should be boiled in about 400 ml water. It should be cooked until the water is reduced to 100 ml. It should be consumed daily twice in a day.
- It balances the level of hormones and also regulate menstruation as well as treats excessive bleeding.
- The use of root powder prevents an immature decrepitude.
- The decoction made from dried bark and powder of black pepper corns helps to provide relief from menstrual problems.
- It may cause the side effects such as vertigo, heartburn, burning abdomen and excessive bleeding.
- The pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid it because it increases the risk of bleeding and spotting.
- One should consult a medical professional before using it during lactation or children.