Facts about Fairy Lily

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Fairy lily Quick Facts
Name: Fairy lily
Scientific Name: Zephyranthes Candida
Origin South Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, central and southern China, Korea, Nansei-shoto
Shapes Capsule with numerous flat, papery seed
Health benefits Good for diabetes, ear and chest ailments, viral infections and breast cancer
White Rain Lily scientifically known as Zephyranthes Candida is a perennial herb belonging to Liliaceae (Lily family). The plant is a species of rain lily native to South America including Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. The species is extensively cultivated as an ornamental and reportedly naturalized in many places (South Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, central and southern China, Korea, Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands), Bhutan, Solomon Islands, Queensland, Nauru, Tonga, Society Islands, Mariana Islands, southeastern United States (from Texas to North Carolina), the Lesser Antilles, and Peru). Some of the popular common names of the plant are autumn zephyrlily, white windflower, white rain lily, and Peruvian swamp lily, August Rain Lily, Fairy Lily, Peruvian Swamp-lily, Rain Lily White, White Zephyr Lily, Zephyr Flower, Storm Lily, Sea Onion, Summer Crocus, Zephyr-Lily and Flowers of the western wind.  

The name for the genus has Greek origins as Zephyrus is the name for the Greek god of the west wind and ‘anthos’ means flower so a literal translation is “flowers of the western wind” and is in reference to the way the flowers on their slender stems dance in a wind. The specific epithet ‘candida’ means “pure white’ or “shining white”, referring to the color of the flowers. The members of this genus are commonly called rain lilies since they often flower following heavy rains. This plant was first mentioned by John Lindley in 1823 as Amaryllis candida but was transferred to its current genus in 1826 by William Herbert who later recommended that might best be separated to another genus for its many differences to other Zephyranthes species. It has since been renamed to Plectronema candida (1838), Argyropsis candida (1847), Atamasco candida (1928) but these names have not stuck and for nearly a century this plant has remained known as Zephyranthes candida.

Fairy Lily Facts

Name Fairy lily
Scientific Name Zephyranthes Candida
Native South Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, central and southern China, Korea, Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands), Bhutan, Solomon Islands, Queensland, Nauru, Tonga, Society Islands, Mariana Islands, southeastern United States (from Texas to North Carolina), the Lesser Antilles, and Peru
Common Names Autumn zephyrlily, white windflower, white rain lily, and Peruvian swamp lily, August Rain Lily, Fairy Lily, Peruvian Swamp-lily, Rain Lily White, White Zephyr Lily, Zephyr Flower, Storm Lily, Sea Onion, Summer Crocus, Zephyr-Lily, Flowers of the western wind
Name in Other Languages Chinese: Cōng lián (蔥蘭)
Divehi: Narugis (ނަރުގިސް)
Dutch: Witte westenwindbloem              
English: Autumn zephyrlily, Fairy-lily, Flower-of-the-western-wind, White rain-lily, Zephyr-lily, August rain lily, autumn zephir lily, Peruvian swamp lily, west wind flower, white fairy lily, white zephyr lily          
French: Lis zephyr
German: Weiße Windblume, reinweiße Zephirblume
Indonesian: Kembang cokelat
Japanese: Tamasudare (タマスダレ)
Korean: Huin kkot na do sa peu ran (흰꽃나도사프)
Malayalam: Sephrāntas kānṟiḍa (സെഫ്രാൻതസ് കാന്റിഡ)
Polish: Zefirant biały
Portuguese: Carapitaia, erva-do-vento-e-da-chuva, lírio-do-vento,
Russian: Zefirantes belyy  (зефирантес белый)
Spanish: Azucenita, azucenita de río, azucenita candida
Swedish: Vit sefyrlilja
Tongan: Feuʻu
Plant Growth Habit Clump-forming herbaceous perennial plant
Growing Climates Occurs around old home sites, on roadsides, in cemeteries, and in lawns
Soil Fast-draining, organic and loamy soils are best. Rain lily is salt sensitive, so saline soils are a big “NO”
Plant Size Up to 10 to 30 centimeters (6 to 12 inches) in height
Bulb Bulbs  ovoid,  1.6–2.5cm  long, 1.5–2cm  in  diameter
Leaf Leaves  simple, terete,  linear, erect  basally,  arching  distally  below  the middle,  15–30  cm long and ×  0.2–  0.4  cm wide,  glabrous,  hollow,  dark green and persist throughout the winter months
Flowering season July to October
Flower Flowers are solitary on an erect scape 3-12 inches in length. The scape is green in color and glabrous. The corolla is white or pinkish in color and rotate. Each flower has 6 white tepals and 6 stamens with yellow anthers. The stigma is capitate
Fruit Shape & Size Capsule with numerous flat, papery seed
Plant Parts Used Flowers, bulbs, whole plant, aerial part
Propagation By dividing bulbs or offsets and from seed
Precautions
  • By dividing bulbs or offsets and from seed.

Plant illustration

Fairy lily is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial plant that normally grows up to 10 to 30 centimeters (6 to 12 inches) in height. The plant is found growing around old home sites, on roadsides, in cemeteries, and in lawns. The plant prefers fast-draining, organic and loamy soils. Rain lily is salt sensitive, so saline soils are a big “NO”. The plants are not picky about soil type and can thrive even in poor soil, though they do better when compost or humus is incorporated into the soil before planting. The site should also be in full to partial sun, with areas that receive sun in the morning and shade in the afternoon or dappled shade for much of the day, which is the most advantageous for the plants.

Water and Fertilizer

As you might gather from their common name, Fairy lily likes a bit of water and you often see a flush of bloom after a rain. The flowers appear consistently throughout the summer as long as they are kept moist. The foliage may even disappear during drought conditions. For best bloom, water regularly and deeply throughout the growing season, particularly from midsummer through fall. No fertilizer is required, though when they’re planted in heavy clay you should spread a 1- to 2-inch layer of finished compost or aged manure around the plants before they emerge in the spring.

Leaves

Leaves are simple, terete, linear, erect, basally, arching distally below the middle, 15–30 cm long and 0.2– 0.4 cm wide, glabrous, hollow, dark green and persist throughout the winter months.

Leaf arrangement Most emerge from the soil, usually without a stem
Leaf type Simple
Leaf margin Entire
Leaf shape Linear
Leaf venation Parallel
Leaf type and persistence Deciduous
Leaf blade length 2 to 4 inches; 4 to 8 inches
Leaf color Green
Fall color No fall color change
Fall characteristic Not showy

 

Flower

Flowers are solitary on an erect scape 3-12 inches in length. The scape is green in color and glabrous. The corolla is white or pinkish in color and rotate. Each flower has 6 white tepals and 6 stamens with yellow anthers. The stigma is capitate. Flowering normally takes place in between July to October.

Flower color Orange; pink; red; yellow; white; rose
Flower characteristic Summer flowering; fall flowering; spring flowering

 

Fruit

Fertile flowers are followed by capsule with numerous flat, papery seed.

Fruit shape Oval
Fruit length Unknown
Fruit cover Dry or hard
Fruit color Unknown
Fruit characteristic Inconspicuous and not showy

 

Health benefits of Fairy lily

There are some diseases that are curable using Fairy lily (Zephyranthes candida), including the following:

1. Relieve insomnia

When bedtime has arrived but you haven’t been able to close your eyes, there are also natural ways to cope with the hard bed, one of them with Fairy lily. Take 10 grams of leaves, wash with clean water. Heat 500 ml of water on the stove, insert the ingredients into it. Leave it in boiling water for 5 minutes, lift. Drink it in the morning and evening also.

2. Cure headache

If you suffer from dizziness caused by a medical condition, try consuming a traditional herb. Boil 15 grams Fairy lily along with 450 ml of water. Wait for the water to boil over ¼ hours, allow cooling. Drink immediately, to relieve a headache.

3. Cure epilepsy

To prevent epilepsy, you can use natural ingredients. Heat two cups of water using low heat, stir in 10 grams of brown sugar and a bit of graining of stones. Simmer for a few moments, lift. Give this drink to epileptics per day.

4. Improve liver function in people with hepatitis A

Fairy lily during early stage turns out to be effective in addressing impaired liver function. With enough drinking water decoction of the plant is 10 grams. Do regularly until symptoms diminish and disappear.

5. Lower the fever

Little flower proved to be able to reduce high body heat in children. The flowers are then mashed paste on the brow edge.

6. Addressing the spasm in children

Fairy lily can also be used as a medicine beyond children who experience seizures. In addition, it does not matter if Fairy lily already boiled taken by sufferers.

Traditional uses and benefits of Fairy lily

  • In China, it is used for treating breast cancer.
  • In India, bulb extract of Z.rosea and Z. flava used for treatment of diabetes, ear and chest ailments and viral infections.
  • The leaves of Z. candida have been used by indigenous peoples in Africa for treatment of diabetes mellitus.

Other Facts

  • Fairy lilies are commonly grown for decorative purposes in gardens, although they have become a weed in some parts of some countries.
  • Fairy lilies are evergreen and are generally grown as a perennial, although in cold climates they are usually grown as annuals.
  • This versatile plant can be used in mass plantings, in rock gardens, as a container plant or partially submerged in the water garden.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=505793#null

https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c747

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/ZEPCA

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zephyranthes_candida

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-291809

https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/231498

https://plants.usda.gov/home/plantProfile?symbol=ZECA

https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/White%20Rain%20Lily.html

http://floraofalabama.org/Plant.aspx?id=4434

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