Know about the Kembayau

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Kembayau Quick Facts
Name: Kembayau
Scientific Name: Dacryodes rostrata
Origin The species is found in Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, West-, Central- and East-Kalimantan) and the Philippines.
Colors Yellowbrown to purplish black
Shapes Ovoid to oblongoid
Flesh colors Yellow
Dacryodes rostrata is an evergreen tree usually growing 5 – 25 metres tall, but with some specimens up to 35 metres. The bole is usually 20 – 50 cm in diameter, occasionally to 120 cm. The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, timber and resin. It is occasionally cultivated for its fruit. It grows widely in Vietnam and Western Malaysia. The habitat is mixed dipterocarp forest from sea level to 800 meters altitude.

This evergreen and perennial tree grows to the height of 40 meters with 1 meter trunk diameter and low buttresses. Leaves are pinnate, alternate . Leaflets are papery; ovate-oblong with asymmetrical base, leaf apex is elongated and widened at the tip. Panicles are axillary which is combined into a terminal inflorescence. Flowers are small, three to numerous, yellowish-white and 3 mm across. Male flowers have six stamens connate to periphery of disk. Female flowers have six staminodes. Fruit is ovoid to oblongoid and fleshy drupe which measures 2–4 cm × 1–2 cm and is yellowbrown to purplish black which contains one hard seed. Branchlets are 4-10 mm thick, glabrous and lenticellate. Leaves are usually glabrous. Leaflets are ovate to oblong, rigid, glabrous or pubescent underneath and about 3.5-20 by 1.5-10 cm. Flowers are tomentose and about 2-4 mm long. Stamens are distinctly longer in comparison to epipetalous ones sometimes all adnate to the disk. Male flowers have pistil which is strongly to nearly entirely reduce. Fruits are slightly oblique, ovoid to oblong and about 1.75-3.5 by 0.75-1.75 cm.

Culinary uses

Pulp is preserved in salt and fried as dish.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=28767#null

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dacryodes_rostrata

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dacryodes+rostrata

 

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