Know about Yellow Dragonfruit

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Yellow Dragonfruit Quick Facts
Name: Yellow Dragonfruit
Scientific Name: Hylocereus megalanthus
Origin Native to Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela
Colors Yellow
Shapes Ovoid, tuberculate
Flesh colors White
Taste Sweet
Yellow Dragonfruit is endemic to Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela and Ecuador. In Columbia, it is commercially cultivated to a limited extent. Fruits are exported to Canada and Europe. Other different cactus fruit crops which are sold as yellow pitaya are Acanthocereus pitajaya, Acanthocereus colombianus,  Selenicereus megalanthus and Hylocereus triangularis. Unlike red dragon fruits, yellow dragonfruit has thorns.

Stem

Stems are procumbent, scandent or pendent. It is 1.5 cm thick and produces aerial roots. Margins are undulating, white areoles and yellowish. Several hairs are seen on young growth.

Flower

Flowers are funnel shaped, nocturnal and 32-38 cm long. Pericarpel is ovoid or slightly globose. Tubercles are flattened and large. Inner tepals are 10 cm long and 3.5 cm wide, broader and white. Stamens are numerous which are inserted in two zones and is yellow.

Fruit

Fruits are ovoid, spiny, tuberculate with yellow skin. The pulp is white with black seeds in it. The pulp has pleasant and mildly sweet flavor.

Health Benefits of Yellow Dragonfruit

  1. Detoxifies body

The fruit has high content of dietary fiber which is beneficial for digestive system as it eliminates the toxins accumulated in the body. It also lighten workload of organs, liver and maintains optimal health. It is beneficial for pregnant women and individuals with constipation issues.

  1. Formation of RBCs

It has impressive amounts of iron which is essential for the production of red blood cells and is helpful for those with anemia. The pregnant women must add dragonfruit to the diet because high volume of oxygen and nutrients are carried by red blood cells required to supply to the fetus in the womb.

  1. Cardiovascular health

Dragonfruit is a great source of mono-unsaturated fats as it lowers the chances of heart problems and high blood pressure by lowering bad cholesterol levels and replenishes good levels.

  1. Strengthen immunity

It is a great source of antioxidants that helps to minimize cell damage being effective at lowering the chances of cancer and other health problems. It prevents free radical damage which could result premature aging and age related diseases. It contains three times Vitamin C than carrots. It assist the ability to eliminate heavy metals and other toxins, promotes healing of body cells and improve the body’s ability to cope with stress.

  1. Lowers inflammation

Seeds have Omega-3 fats which combat against fungal and bacterial infections and autoimmune diseases in organ systems. The anti-bacterial and fungal properties upgrades the white blood cells count in the body that defends against toxins. It stimulates regeneration of cells which speeds up healing of wounds and bruises.

  1. Enhance beauty

The availability of antioxidants, vitamins, monounsaturated fats, enzymes, minerals and fiber is crucial to maintain overall health and skin health.

Culinary uses

  • The fruit is consumed raw.
  • It is used to flavor pastries and drinks.
  • Fruits are converted into wine or juice.
  • Flowers are consumed or steeped as tea.
  • The flesh is used to make jellies, jams and marmalades.
  • Add it to fruit salads.

Tips

Eat on an empty stomach in the morning followed with intake of lots of water. It upgrades digestion and bowel circulation for detox.

Side effects

  • Too much intake of dragon fruit is not healthy. The high content of fructose is harmful for the health.
  • When consumed in excess, it causes slight reddish urine and feces.
  • Its skin is poisonous.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=907281#null

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327393009_Yellow_pitaya_hylocereus_megalanthus_fatty_acids_composition_from_ecuadorian_Amazonia

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Hylocereus+megalanthus

https://www.nutrition-and-you.com/dragon-fruit.html

https://momobud.sg/the-rare-and-sweetest-dragonfruit-yellow-dragonfruit-pitahaya/

https://www.specialtyproduce.com/produce/Yellow_Dragon_Fruit_From_SAmerica_16142.php

http://asoppitaya.com/en/garden-to-table/

http://curetick.com/dragon-fruit-benefits-and-side-effects/

https://www.recipetips.com/glossary-term/t–38646/dragon-fruit.asp

https://227katongdurian.com/product/yellow-dragon-fruit/

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