|Pea pumpkin Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Mukia maderaspatana|
|Colors||Green, turning to orange and red|
|Shapes||Globose, 6-11 mm in diameter|
Animal experiments have shown various traditional or folkloric medicinal claims that include hypolipidemic, hypotensive, hypoglycaemic, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory, antiulcer, antimicrobial, local anaesthetic and anxiolytic characteristics of plant extracts.
Pea pumpkin is a prostate or climing scabrid herbs. Stems are branched, robust and sulcate. Leaves are ovate-deltoid measuring 4-8 x 3-7 cm, angular or shallowly 3-5 lobed, margin denticulate, base cordate, apex acuminate, scabrid on both sides. Petioles are 6 cm. Flowers (male) are in axillary and sessile clusters. Calyx tube is villous about 2 mm and lobes are erect and subulate. Petals are 3 mm long which is obtuse, ovate to oblong and yellow. Female flowers are solitary and in clusters. Berries are red, globose about 1.2 cm across. Seeds are rugose and lenticular.
- In Nigeria, the decoction of young shoots and leaves are used as aperient for children.
- In India, bitter leaves and tender shoots are used for vertigo and biliousness.
- Leaf sap is used in Tanganyika as a dressing for wounds, amoebiasis and leaves are used as a poultice for burns.
- In Nigeria, seed are chewed or used in decoction to induce perspiration.
- In Senegal, fruits are used as a vermifuge.
- In Nigeria, roots are used to provide relief from toothache and facial neuralgia.
- Mix small quantity of pointed gourd with pinch of turmeric with 4/5 garlic added to water in form of concoction. It is helpful for sore throat due to cold.
- Use the leaves for maintaining normal glycemic index.
- The daily intake of Nugu dasari provides relief from cough.
- Add grinded fenugreek seeds with Patol to promote strength and stamina in both genders.
- Add dry grapes to musumusukai for controlling vomiting.
- To treat bile related diseases, grinded amla fruit with the plant for healing bile problems.
- For asthma, soak musumusukai juice with long pepper for few hours. Dry it in the sun and powder it. Take two grams of this powder with honey on betal leaf.
- In Siddha, leaf and roots are used for treating dyspnea, fever, hepatic disorders, abdominal disorders, vomiting and cough.
- Leaf decoction is used for treating hypertension and nasobronchial diseases.
- The herb is useful in treating allergic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, cold, productive cough, upper or lower respiratory tract infections and difficulty in breathing.
- It controls endless cough, wheezing, cold, dry cough, allergic, tuberculosis and asthma.