|Pelajau Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Pentaspadon motleyi|
|Origin||Native to Malaysia (peninsular, Sarawak and Sabah); Indonesia (Kalimantan, Irian Jaya, Sumatra), Papua New Guinea (Gulf and Madang Provinces), Bougainville and the Solomon Islands.|
|Shapes||Fleshy ovoid, pointed drupe, 3–5 cm by 2–2.75 cm|
Pentaspadon motley is a tall tree measuring 51 meters in height and 70 cm dbh with thin spreading buttresses and scaly or grey-brown bark. Leaves are compound, alternate, imparipinnate measuring 10–20 cm long having 7 to 9 dark green leaflets which are pink when young. Leaflets are opposite and about 5–13 cm × 2–6 cm. It has pointed apex and rounded base, penni-veined having 6 to 10 pairs of secondary nerves and hairy domatia in axils of secondary nerves. Flowers are small, cream colored and about 4 mm in diameter. The bisexual flowers have imbricate petals and five fertile stamens that alternates with five sterile staminodes and one celled ovary having short style. Fruit is a drupe which is fleshy ovoid, greenish-brown, 3–5 cm by 2–2.75 cm which contains one large, ovoid and oblong compressed seed.
- In Sarawak, use the sap as oil for itch, skin diseases and scabies.
- Stems resin is used to calm down itchiness of skin.
- Consume the fruits fresh, cooked, fried or roasted.
- The kernel offers a pleasant taste when roasted or fried.
- Add the kernels to the soup.
- Boil the fruits.