|Rose Apple Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Syzygium aqueum|
|Origin||East Indies and Malaya, also cultivated in Ceylon, the Pacific Islands, India and former Indochina|
|Shapes||Bell-shaped, Length: 5–8 cm|
|Flesh colors||White, Creamy|
|Calories||25 Kcal Kcal./cup|
|Major nutrients||Vitamin C (24.78%)
Vitamin B3 (5.00%)
Dietary Fiber (3.95%)
|Health benefits||Prevent Diabetes, Prevent Constipation, Prevent muscle cramps, Skin Health, Eliminate free radicals|
|More facts about Rose Apple|
Probably it was originated to the East Indies and Malaya. Besides the inherent countries, it is also cultivated in Ceylon, India, Pacific Islands and Indochina.
The tree is 3 to 10 meters tall with wide spreading branches and flaky brown bark. It has stem which is about 30 cm. The leaves are glossy and narrow. The tree possesses greenish-white or creamy-white flowers with diameter 7.5 to 10 cm. and width 2-4 inch (5 to 10 cm). The plant flowers during Midsummer (June- August).The plant prefers warm and humid climate with an adequate rainfall. It thrives better in well drained soils.
The tree bears fruit from early winter to the late fall. The fruit is bell-shaped, about 5 to 8 cm long. The fruit is pink to red in color with white texture flesh. The color of the flesh differs in the type of cultivar grown. The fruits which are ripened have light and faintly aroma with moderate sweet taste. Each fruit possess one or two grey seeds. The fruit has got smooth and thin skin.
Rose Apple possess rich amount of iron, calcium, fiber, Vitamin C, protein and Vitamin A. 100 gm of Rose Apple contains calcium (29 mg), potassium (123 mg), sulphur (13 mg). The same amount of Rose Apple provides Vitamin C (24.78%), Total fat (0.86%), Iron (0.88%) and Phosphorus (1.14%).
Health Benefits of Rose Apple
1. Fights Free Radical Damage
Rose Apple is rich in Vitamin C which prevents the damage of free radicals, pollutants and toxic chemicals which leads to the health ailments such as heart disease, cancer and arthritis. Free radicals are developed in the body when the body is exposed to the radiation, tobacco or smoke and during the process of breaking down of food.
Vitamin C enhances the white blood cells production and also assists in the functioning. As Vitamin C is an antioxidant, it eliminates the oxidative damage and enhances the smooth functioning. It is also believed that Vitamin C effectively boosts the immune system to counteract the colds.
2. Reduced Risk of Stroke
The presence of Vitamin C in the Rose Apples lowers the chances of stroke and health ailments such as inflammation, oxidative damage, cardiac health, atherosclerosis, blood pressure and endothelial health. The research summarizes that the development of plaque in the body results in the stroke or heart attack which could be reduced with the Vitamin C. 22 mg of Vitamin C is obtained from 100 grams of Rose Apple.
3. Boost good HDL Cholesterol
Rose Apple is the source of Niacin which is used to add cholesterol. The studies shows that Niacin enhances the HDL cholesterol levels and reduces the triglycerides and LDL cholesterol.
4. Prevent Diabetes
The research has shown that the use of Rose Apple reduces the level of blood glucose by enhancing the activities of carbohydrate metabolic enzymes such as glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphatase.(1)
5. Prevent Constipation
Dietary fiber in Rose Apple supports the digestive system in the material movement and stimulate stool which is helpful for those having the irregular stools or constipation. It supports in healthy weight and reduces the chances of heart disease and diabetes.
6. Prevent muscle cramping
Rose Apple also possess adequate amount of potassium which enhances the strength of muscles and reduces the muscle cramps which is lead due to the low level of potassium.
7. Skin Health
An adequate amount of Vitamin A and C could be obtained from the Rose Apple which helps to prevent the damage from the oxidative stress caused from the poor diet, stress and pollution. It also reduces the dryness of the skin and reduces the wrinkles.
Health Benefits of Rose Apple Plant
- Antioxidant Benefits
An antioxidant restricts the molecules oxidation which damages the cells because of the production of free radicals which could be eliminated with Selenium, vitamin C, Lycopene, Beta Carotene, Vitamin E, Zeaxanthin and Lutein. Free radicals are the cause of various ailments such as Cataracts, Alzheimer’s disease, Cancer, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
a. The leaves of Rose Apple plant possess hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties. The examination on the leaves for the antioxidant properties shows that it possesses the hepaprotective activity which is comparable to the silymarin drug. (2)
b. The report which was published by American Journal of BioScience summarizes that the barks of Roseapple assist to prohibit the free radicals. As a result, this plant could be studied due to its potential of bioactivity for discovering the efficacy of its use as a medicine. (3)
- Prevent Acne
Acne vulgaris is a skin condition which leads to the inflammation caused due to the skin infection. The research shows that the leaves of Rose Apple possess the anti-acne proeprties such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antibacterial properties. The experiment also shows that the presence synergic actions results the antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Thus, S. jambos assist in the anti-acne activities. This study helps to know about the herbal medicines whereas various clinical trials are being continued. (4)
- Cure Leaver Damage
Liver damage leads to the various liver diseases which are caused due to the excessive consumption of alcohol, anemia, malnutrition, infection and hepatotoxic drugs. The research which was conducted by Gujarat Ayurved University shows that the leaves extract of Rose Apple contains the liver protective agent. It leads to the efficacy in the change in function of liver than the disease control group. The efficacy was worthy of comparison to the standard drug. (5)
The decoction made from astringent bark is used in folkloric medicine of Malaysia to treat thrush.
It is served as salad at the childbirth ceremony. In India, the fruit is also used as a tonic to enhance the liver and brain.
The fever could be lessened from the sweetened prepared from the flowers.
The decoction made from the leaves acts as an expectorant and diuretic which treats rheumatism and also cures the sore eyes.
The health conditions such as dysentery, catarrh and diarrhoea could be treated with the use of seeds. The people of Nicaragua use the infusion of roasted and powdered seeds to treat diabetes. The Colombia people believe that the seeds possess the pain killer properties.
The root is used by the people of Cuban to treat epilepsy.
How to eat
Rose Apple could be consumed raw or preserved in the form of jellies and jams. It is also added in the desserts. It is also used to make the fruit sauce or syrup.
Rose Apple possess the risk of toxicity. The seeds and roots are poisonous. The leaves, roots and stems of the plant contain the mysterious amount of cyanide or prussic acid or hydrocyanic acid which is could be harmful.
Rose apple Facts
|Scientific Name||Syzygium aqueum|
|Native||East Indies and Malaya, also cultivated in Ceylon, the Pacific Islands, India and former Indochina.|
|Common/English Name||Bell Fruit, Watery Rose Apple, Water Cherry, Bell Apple, Water Apple|
|Name in Other Languages||Brazil: Jambeiro Aguado, Jambo
Chinese: Shui Lian Wu;
Dominican Republic (Spanish): Cajuilito Solimán;
Dutch: Djamboe Aer;
French: Jambosier D’eau, Pomme D’eau;
German: Wasserjambuse, Wachsjambuse;
Aceh: Jambi Raya, Jambi Iye;
Bali: Jambu Er, Njamu Er;
Batak: Jambu Erang, Jambu Aek,
Besemah: Jambu Ayik
Bimba: Jambu Jene,
Bugis: Jambu Saiom, Jambu Salo;
Boeol, Sulawesi, Manado: Takaw;
Ceram, Moluccas, Ambon: Kepet, O’uno;
Kalimantan, Dyak: Kubal;
Gajo: Jambu Airjemerl;
G orontalo: Omuto, Upo;
Halmaheira: Yarem, Rowane;
Jambi: Jambu Pingping ,
Java: Jambu Air, Jambu Uwer,
Lampong: Jambu Air, Jambu Kelinga;
Lingga: Jambu Bertih;
Madurese: Jambhu Wir;
Makassar: Jambu Jene;
Malay, Bengkoelen: Jambu Keling;
Minangkabau: Jambu Aye;
Oelias: Rutu Putio, Jambu Waelo;
Papua: Purori, Ansahmoh,;
Sawoe: Wo Luba Kume;
Singkep: Jambu Aer;
Serawaj: Jambu Ayak;
Solor: Bluwo, Bluwa;
Sulawesi, Moluccas: Kebes, Kouoa;
Sundanese: Jambu Air;
Ternate: Gora Yadi ;
Toraja: Jambu, Wua Usa;
Japanese: Mizu Renbu;
Malaysia: Jambu Chili, Jambu Ayer;
Papua New Guinea: Lal Lau;
Philippines (Bisaya): Tambis;
Spanish: Manzana De Agua, Perita Costena;
Thai: Machomphu-Pa, Chom Pu Pa
|Plant Growth Habit||Tropical, evergreen, low|
|Growing Climate||Warm and humid climates with adequate rainfall|
|Plant Size||3–10 m|
|Leaf||Narrow and glossy|
|Edible parts of the plants||Fruits: consumed as fruit salad or made pickle
Leaves: used to wrap fermented sticky rice
|Flowering Season||Midsummer (from June- August)|
|Flower||Greenish-white or creamy-white, Width: 2 to 4 in (5-10 cm), Diameter: 7.5-10 cm|
|Fruit shape & size||Bell-shaped, length: 5–8 cm|
|Fruit peel||Thin with smooth texture|
|Flavor/aroma||Not tart, simply aromatic|
|Fruit Taste||Mild sweet|
|Seed||1 or 2, grey in color|
|Varieties/Types||Java Rose Apple, Malay Rose Apple, Jambu, Water Rose Apple|
|Fruit Season||Early winter to Late fall|
|Major Nutritions||Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)22.3 mg (24.78%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.8 mg (5.00%)
Carbohydrate 5.7 g (4.38%)
Total dietary Fiber 1.5 g (3.95%)
Calcium, Ca 29 mg (2.90%)
Potassium, K 123 mg (2.62%)
Vitamin A 17 µg (2.43%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.03 mg (2.31%)
Copper, Cu 0.016 mg (1.78%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.02 mg (1.67%)
Manganese, Mn 0.029 mg (1.26%)
Protein 0.6 g (1.20%)
Magnesium, Mg 5 mg (1.19%)
Phosphorus, P 8 mg (1.14%)
Iron, Fe 0.07 mg (0.88%)
|Calories in 1cup (100 g)||25 Kcal.|
|How to Eat||