Health benefits of Spider Plant

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Spider Plant Quick Facts
Name: Spider Plant
Scientific Name: Chlorophytum comosum
Origin Tropical and southern Africa
Shapes Tiny triangular deeply lobed three-celled leathery capsule, 3–8 mm (0.1–0.3 in) long
Health benefits Healthy liver, Cure cough and cold, Potential prebiotic, Anti-cancerous, Bone healing and burn
Spider plant scientifically known as Chlorophytum comosum is an introduced herbaceous plant belonging to Asparagaceae family. The plant is native to tropical and southern Africa. The Plant has been reported as introduced in Australia and the southern United States (Alabama, Florida, and Georgia). In Alabama it has been collected as an escape in Conecuh County. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Airplane Plant, Hen-And-Chickens, Ribbon plant, Spider-Ivy, Spider plant, Walking Anthericum, bracket plant, St. Bernard’s lily and tufted bracket plant. The Victorians called it ribbon plant, because of its variegated selections. The variegated sort called Vittatum, with a wide central band of white down the center of the leaf, is most common. Variety called Variegatum has a white band down the outer margin of the leaf. Gold variegated forms are also available.

Genus name Chlorophytum relates to the leaves of the plants and comes from the Greek words chloros meaning green and phyton meaning a plant. Although this may be true for some species, the vegetative parts are green and not yellow-green in C. comosum. The specific epithet comosum also refers to the leaves. Coma is derived from the Greek word kome, a tuft of hairs, and relates to the leaves arranged in a rosette. Variegatum has margins of white or cream. Vittatum has recurved leaves with a central white stripe and green margins. Spider Plant is a common houseplant often grown in hanging baskets. In warmer areas of the state it is sometimes planted as a groundcover in shady areas or as filler in flower beds. Several cultivars with variegated foliage are available.

Spider Plant Facts

Name Spider Plant
Scientific Name Chlorophytum comosum
Native Tropical and southern Africa. Spider Plant has been reported as introduced in Australia and the southern United States (Alabama, Florida, and Georgia). In Alabama it has been collected as an escape in Conecuh County
Common Names Airplane Plant, Hen-And-Chickens, Ribbon plant, Spider-Ivy, Spider plant, Walking Anthericum, bracket plant, St. Bernard’s lily, Tufted bracket plant
Name in Other Languages Afrikaans: Spinnekopplant, Hen-met-kuikens, Iphamba
Albanian: Bimë merimangë
Amharic: Yeshererīti tekili (የሸረሪት ተክል)
Arabic: Masnie aleankabut (مصنع العنكبوت), ghilan wahif (غيلان واحف)
Armenian: Sardi buys (սարդի բույս)
Azerbaijani: Hörümçək bitkisi
Bengali: Mākaṛasā gācha (মাকড়সা গাছ)
Bulgarian: Payak rastenie (паяк растение)         
Burmese: P ng kuu a pain (ပင့်ကူအပင်)
Chinese: Zhīzhū zhíwù (蜘蛛植物), diào lán, Dian lan (吊兰)
Croatian: Biljka pauka
Czech: Pavoučí rostlina, Zelenec chocholatý
Danish: Edderkopplante, Væddeløber
Dutch: Spin plant, graslelie
English: Ribbon plant, Spider plant, Spider-ivy, bracket plant, walking anthericum, hen ans chickens, St. Bernard’s lily,                 Tufted bracket plant, Airplane plant
Esperanto: Aranea planto
Estonian: Ambliktaim, tups-rohtliilia
Filipino: Halaman ng spider
Finnish: Hämähäkki kasvi, Kirjorönsylilja
French: Plante araignée, phalangère, rubanier, Herbe vaudoise
Georgian: Obobis mtsenare (ობობის მცენარე)
German: Spinnenpflanze,Fliegender Holländer, Grünlilie
Greek: Fytó aráchnis (φυτό αράχνης)
Gujarati: Spā īḍara plānṭa (સ્પાઈડર પ્લાન્ટ)
Hausa: Gizo-gizo
Hebrew: צמח עכביש
Hindi: Makadee ka paudha (मकड़ी का पौधा)
Hungarian: Pók növény, Csüngő csokrosinda
Icelandic: Kóngulóar planta
Indonesian: Tanaman laba-laba, Tanaman
Irish: Planda damhán alla
Italian: Pianta ragno, falangio
Japanese: Kumo shokubutsu (クモ植物), orizururan (オリヅルラ) Javanese: Tanduran laba-laba
Kannada: Jēḍa sasya (ಜೇಡ ಸಸ್ಯ)
Kazakh: Pawk ösimdigi (паук өсімдігі)   
Korean: Geomi sigmul (거미 식물), jeop ran, jeoblan (접란)  
Kurdish: Nebatê spider
Lao: Phud aemngmum (ພືດແມງມຸມ)
Latin: Plant aranea
Latvian: Zirnekļa augs
Lithuanian: Voras augalas
Macedonian: Rastenie pajak (растение пајак) 
Malagasy: Zavamaniry
Malay: Tumbuhan labah-labah
Malayalam: Cilanti plānṟ (ചിലന്തി പ്ലാന്റ്)
Maltese: Pjanta tal-brimba
Marathi: Kōḷī vanaspatī (कोळी वनस्पती)
Mongolian: Aalzny urgamal (аалзны ургамал)
Nepali: Mākurō bōṭa (माकुरो बोट)
Norwegian: Edderkoppplante
Oriya: ସ୍ପାଇଡର ଉଦ୍ଭିଦ |
Pashto: د مایع نبات
Persian: گیاه عنکبوتی
Polish: Pająk roślin, Zielistka Sternberga
Portuguese: Planta aranha, Clorofito, Gravatinha,           
Punjabi: Makaṛī dā paudā (: ਮੱਕੜੀ ਦਾ ਪੌਦਾ)           
Romanian: Plantă păianjen, Planta-păianjen
Russian: Pauk zavod (паук завод), khlorofitum khokhlatyy (хлорофитум хохлатый)
Serbian: Biljka pauka (биљка паука)
Sindhi: ڪوريئڙي جي پوک
Sinhala: Makuḷu śākaya (මකුළු ශාකය)
Slovak: Zelenec chochlatý
Slovenian: Pajka rastlina
Spanish: Planta araña, mala madre, cinta, lazo
Sudanese: Pepelakan lancah
Swedish: Spindelväxt, Ampellilja
Tajik: Rastanii tortanak (растании тортанак)
Tamil: Cilanti ālai (சிலந்தி ஆலை)
Telugu: Spaiḍar plāṇṭ (స్పైడర్ ప్లాంట్)
Thai: Phụ̄ch mængmum (พืชแมงมุม), Ṣ̄ers̄ʹṭ̄hī reụ̄xn nxk (เศรษฐีเรือนนอก)
Turkish: Kurdele çiçeği
Ukrainian: Pavukova roslyna (павукова рослина), Khlorofitum khokhlatyy (Хлорофітум хохлатий)
Urdu:  مکڑی کا پودا     
Uzbek: O’rgimchak o’simlik
Vietnamese: Mạng nhện
Welsh: Planhigyn pry cop
Zulu: Isitshalo sesicabucabu
Plant Growth Habit Grass-like evergreen, clump-forming, perennial, herbaceous plant
Growing Climates Occurs in the undergrowth of forested river valleys, mountainous regions and thickets, on steep embankments, flat terrain and cliffs
Soil Grows on a variety of soils (volcanic or sedimentary) derived from sandstone, shale, dolorite or granite. The soils are usually slightly acidic
Plant Size 25-35 cm in height and 60-90 cm in width
Root Primary roots are fleshy, thickened and fusiform. They are opaque white. Roots are 10-15 cm long and 1-2 cm in diameter
Shoots They are the characteristic shoots that grow sideways. From each nobe of the stolon, the spiderettes form leaves and roots.
Stem Vegetative stems are short and stout with very short internodes, while flower stalks are stiff, wiry, and lightly scabrous
Leaf Long narrow leaves reach a length of 20–45 cm (8–18 in) and are around 6–25 millimeters (0.2–1.0 in) wide
Flower Flowers are star-like shape, greenish-white, borne on stalks (pedicels) some 4–8 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long. Each flower has six triply veined tepals which are 6–9 mm (0.2–0.4 in) long and slightly hooded or boat-shaped at their tips.
Fruit Shape & Size Tiny triangular deeply lobed three-celled leathery capsule, 3–8 mm (0.1–0.3 in) long
Seed Seeds are flattish, black and shiny
Propagation By division of rhizomes and from plantlets
Plant Parts Used Roots
Health Benefits
  • Healthy liver
  • Cure cough and cold
  • Potential prebiotic
  • Anti-cancerous
  • Bone healing and burn
Precautions
  • People with sensitivity may be allergic to the pollen of the male part of the flower.

Plant Description

Spider Plant is a grass-like evergreen, clump-forming, perennial, herbaceous plant that normally grows about 25-35 cm in height and 60-90 cm in width. The plant is found growing undergrowth of forested river valleys, mountainous regions and thickets, on steep embankments, flat terrain and cliffs. It was found growing in a disturbed urban woodlot on the slopes of a small stream. It grows on a variety of soils (volcanic or sedimentary) derived from sandstone, shale, dolorite or granite. The soils are usually slightly acidic.

Roots

Spider Plant has a dense root system consisting of thickened elongated white fleshy tubers and fine roots. The tubers have a conical shape at ends, their length being between 5 and 10 cm (2-4 in) and their diameter between 0.5 and 1 cm (0.2-0.4 in).

Stolons

They are the characteristic shoots that grow sideways. From each nobe of the stolon, the spiderettes form leaves and roots. With spiderettes the plant spreads vegetatively and it is a way without difficulty to propagate the Spider Plant.

Stem / Bark

Vegetative stems are short and stout with very short internodes, while flower stalks are stiff, wiry, and lightly scabrous; viviparous plantlets form on the terminus of these stalks and produce fleshy aerial rootlets. Tiny green buds are largely encased in the rosette at the base of the plant, or elongate shortly after formation on the wiry arching flower stalks. Bark are not applicable.

Leaves

Leaves rise directly from the rhizome to form a rosette. They are simple, without petiole, linear-lanceolate, of alternate arrangement and have a deep green color. The lamina is flat, with parallel ribs, entire or slightly undulate margined, leading to a pointed tip. The dimensions of the leaves vary in length between 20 and 45 cm (7.8-17.7 in) and in the width between 0.6 and 2.5 cm (0.23-0.98 in). Leaves of most cultivars are streaked with white to creamy yellow variegation, while the species type is green alone.

Leaf arrangement Most emerge from the soil, usually without a stem
Leaf type Simple
Leaf margin Entire
Leaf shape Linear
Leaf venation Parallel
Leaf type and persistence Evergreen
Leaf blade length 12 to 18 inches
Leaf color Variegated
Fall color No fall color change
Fall characteristic Not showy

 

Flowers

Flowers are produced in a long, branched inflorescence, which can reach a length of up to 75 cm (30 in) and eventually bends downwards to meet the earth. Flowers initially occur in clusters of 1–6 at intervals along the stem (scape) of the inflorescence. Each cluster is at the base of a bract, which ranges from 2–8 cm (0.8–3.1 in) in length, becoming smaller towards the end of the inflorescence. Most of the flowers which are produced initially die off, so that the inflorescences are relatively sparsely flowered.

Individual flowers are star-like shape, greenish-white, borne on stalks (pedicels) some 4–8 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long. Each flower has six triply veined tepals which are 6–9 mm (0.2–0.4 in) long and slightly hooded or boat-shaped at their tips. Stamens consist of a pollen-producing anther about 3.5 mm (0.1 in) long with a filament of similar length or slightly longer. The central style is short and smooth about 3–8 mm (0.1–0.3 in) long with a tiny and capitate stigma.

Flower color White
Flower characteristic Flowers periodically throughout the year

 

Fruits

Fertile flowers are followed by tiny triangular deeply lobed three-celled leathery capsule, 3–8 mm (0.1–0.3 in) long, on stalks (pedicels) which lengthen to up to 12 mm (0.5 in). Each cell bears 3-5 smooth and flat black seed

Fruit shape Pod or pod-like
Fruit length Less than .5 inch
Fruit cover Dry or hard
Fruit color Unknown
Fruit characteristic Inconspicuous and not showy

 

Spider Plant health benefits

The roots of the Spider plants have wonderful medicinal value. In Chinese tradition, the roots of spider plants are used for the treatment of bronchitis, burn, and bone fracture. Listed below are few of the health benefits of using spider plant

1. Healthy liver

Root extracts of spider plants are used to study the hepato-protective activity in rats. The extracts of the spider plant root help in reducing the inflammatory process of the liver thus help in healing.

2. Potential prebiotic

Spider plant leaves helps in establishing the intestinal microorganisms thus acts as a potential prebiotic substance for a healthy bowel movement and healthy stomach.

3. Anti-cancerous

Roots of spider plants have been researched against 4 different human cell lines mainly HeLa, HL-60, and U937 for different types of tumors. The root extracts, thus, helps in suppressing the tumor activity by apoptosis or death of the cell. Although further detailed experiments are yet to be done.

4. Cure cough and cold

Spider plant absorbs water through its root and circulates through its stems and leaves. When water reaches the leaves; it will evaporate & increase the humidity. The increased humidity decreases the airborne disease like cold, cough, sore throat and flu. Whole plant extract of Spider plants helps in reducing the cough and thus relaxing the chest congestion. In Chinese tradition, the extract of the spider plant is used against bronchitis and cough-related problems.

5. Bone healing and burn

Chinese tradition uses spider plant extract for healing fractured bone and burns.

Other Interesting benefits of Spider plant

1. Almost Hard To Kill

There are some houseplants that can pretty much grow themselves; the spider plant is one of them. It can thrive well and easily adapt to various climatic conditions even when neglected for days, overwatered or under-watered. Spider plant grows well in both low light and part sunlight but it is suggested to keep this plant in a spot with bright indirect sunlight.

2. Purifies the Air

Spider plant is considered among the easiest air-purifying plants to grow. It is effective in removing harmful chemicals from the air, such as carbon monoxide, xylene, formaldehyde and toluene. According to NASA reports, the spider plant is among the top 3 types of houseplants that are great at removing formaldehyde, which is a common household chemical and generally found in manufactured wood products, plastic products, pesticides, leather goods, adhesives, clothing and drapes, etc.

3. Safe for Pets

According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals (ASPCA), the spider plant is listed as non-toxic for pets. But it is still recommended to keep pets away from this plant and do not let them eat the leaves as that may pose a potential risk. The spider plant consists of chemical compounds that are said to be related to opium, which may give the pet an upset stomach, vomiting or diarrhea.

4. Speeds Recovery of Patients

According to multiple scientific researches, adding the spider plant to hospital rooms speeds up the recovery rate of surgical patients compared to patients in rooms without the plant. The patients require less pain medication, do not suffer from blood pressure or heart rate issues, experience less anxiety or depression and are released from the hospital sooner.

5. Increases Humidity

Spider plant is a perennial with a high transpiration rate. It absorbs water through its roots and then circulates the moisture through stems and leaves. Once the water reaches the leaves, it evaporates into the air and increases the humidity. The increased humidity decreases the risk of several airborne diseases, such as cold, cough, sore throat and flu-like symptoms. Growing spider plants at home or office helps in keeping these diseases away and helps increase the concentration and productivity.

6. Removes Toxic Substances from Your Home

This houseplant is the easiest species to grow. It effectively removes harmful and poisonous chemical substances such as xylene, carbon monoxide, toluene, and formaldehyde from the atmosphere.

It is excellent at eradicating formaldehyde, a household chemical compound found in leather goods, plastic products, clothes, adhesives, manufactured wood products, etc. It helps minimize carbon monoxide levels, thus reducing anxiety, constant headache, and common colds. It can prevent severe health risks such as loss of attention, vision impairment due to toluene.

Traditional uses and benefits of Spider Plant

  • The plants have been used medicinally by the Nguni, particularly for pregnant mothers and as a charm to protect the mother and child.
  • Roots are dipped into a water bowl and mothers drink this daily as it is believed to protect the infant.
  • In Chinese tradition, the extract of the spider plant is used against bronchitis and cough related problems.
  • Chinese tradition uses spider plant extract for healing the fractured bone and burns.
  • Spider plant leaves helps in establishing the intestinal microorganisms thus acts as a potential prebiotic substance for a healthy bowel movement and healthy stomach.
  • Infusion is given to young babies as purgative.

Other Facts

  • Spider plants are non-toxic to humans and pets, and are considered edible.
  • In South Africa they are grown as pot plants, in hanging baskets or as ground cover under trees.
  • The species is also very effective on steep embankments to combat soil erosion.
  • It is treated as a trendy houseplant in many countries.
  • Pet owners may find that some cats like to eat the leaves for digestion.
  • Spider Plant is one of the most useful and highly ornamental indoor plants.
  • It is used in traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Unani, and homeopathy.
  • Spider plants can be damaged by fluoride or boron.
  • Spider plants are great indoor air cleaners, and 15 spider plants would purify the air of an average size house.

Planting Methods

  • Grow in a soil-based, well-draining potting mix. Spider plants like even moisture; they don’t like to be too dry or too wet.
  • Keep plants in bright to moderate indirect sunlight. Spider plants do not appreciate direct, hot sunlight, which can burn their leaves, causing brown tips and spots.
  • Spider plants grow fairly quickly and can easily become pot bound. Plan to repot a spider plant about every other year.
  • Spider plants can be grown outdoors as annuals during the summer. They look especially good along the edge of a container or bed, as long as they are kept out of direct sunlight.

Caring Methods

  • During initial growth, water occasionally; once fully developed (within one year), water moderately.
  • In the spring and summer months, keep the soil moist to encourage growth. Do not let soil dry out too much.
  • Maintain average room temperature and humidity. Spider plants prefer temperatures between 55 and 80°F (13–27°C), which makes them a great indoor houseplant.
  • Fertilize up to twice a month in the spring and summer, however, avoid over fertilization.

Tips for repotting your Spider Plant

  • Once the pot becomes full, you can separate the baby plants (also known as “pups”) from the pot and plant them in another pot.
  • When you transfer plant from smaller to larger pots; make sure the larger pots have good drainage hole (as it could not tolerate wet condition).
  • Some healthy mother spider plant can produce pups that hang down. You can repot them as well.
  • While repotting these pups you can replant them another pot next to the mother plant.
  • When the pups will be rooted, you can simply cut the attached stem from mother plant.

Some additional points to Remember

  • Do not overwater your spider plant. Watering twice weekly is enough.
  • Do not keep the spider plant under direct sunlight for more than 6 hours.
  • Repotting your spider plant is a must.
  • Notice for any fungal infections in your plants. Your plant will not grow properly and eventually die. So, remove this part to prevent further spreading.
  • Adding coco pit in the soil mixture is very beneficial to your Spider plant.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=810167#null

http://www.hear.org/pier/species/chlorophytum_comosum.htm

https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b547

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophytum_comosum

https://npgstest2.agron.iastate.edu/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomydetail?id=10301

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/syllabi/308/Lists/Fourth%20Edition/Chlorophytumcomosum.pdf

https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/12469

https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/229155

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-302261

https://irjponline.com/admin/php/uploads/2202_pdf.pdf

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/68558/#b

https://plants.usda.gov/home/plantProfile?symbol=CHCO28

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/CFYCO

http://pza.sanbi.org/chlorophytum-comosum

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The content and the information in this website are for informational and educational purposes only, not as a medical manual. All readers are urged to consult with a physician before beginning or discontinuing use of any prescription drug or under taking any form of self-treatment. The information given here is designed to help you make informed decisions about your health. It is not intended as a substitute for any treatment that may have been prescribed by your doctor. If you are under treatment for any health problem, you should check with your doctor before trying any home remedies. If you are following any medication, take any herb, mineral, vitamin or other supplement only after consulting with your doctor. If you suspect that you have a medical problem, we urge you to seek competent medical help. The Health Benefits Times writers, publishers, authors, its representatives disclaim liability for any unfavorable effects causing directly or indirectly from articles and materials contained in this website www.healthbenefitstimes.com