Star Jasmine: Traditional uses and facts

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Star Jasmine Quick Facts
Name: Star Jasmine
Scientific Name: Trachelospermum jasminoides
Origin Eastern and southeastern Asia including China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Shapes Slender follicle 10–25 cm (3 7⁄8–9 7⁄8 in) long and 3–10 mm (1⁄8–3⁄8 in) broad
Taste Bitter
Health benefits Beneficial for rheumatoid arthritis, sore throats, various boils and abscesses
Star jasmine vine (confederate jasmine) is also known as trachelospermum jasminoides in scientific name and Shi Teng in mandarin is a flowering vine which is not a true jasmine plant. It is named after jasmine just because it has a very similar look and sweet fragrance when its white star-like flowers bloom. It is a climbing or creeping plant species in the genus Trachelospermum which contains between 11 and 13 species and belongs to the family of the Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family). The plant is native to eastern and southeastern Asia including China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam where it grows on the edge of the forest and among the underbrush. It has been introduced and can be found naturalized in Pakistan, India, the USA, Mexico, Central America, and the Bahamas.

Chinese star-jessamine, Confederate-jessamine, Confederate jasmine, Star-jasmine, Chinese Star Jasmine, Asiatic jasmine; Japanese star jasmine; small leaf confederate jasmine, Chinese ivy, Chinese jasmine and traders compass are some of the popular common names of the plant. The name of the genus is the combination of the Greek words “tràchelos” which means neck and “sperma” meaning seed, with reference to the extension shown by the seeds of some plants belonging to the genus. The name of the species is the combination of the name Jasminum with the suffix “-oeides”, from the Greek “êidos” which means idea, form, hence similar to the jasmine, with reference to the form and the intense perfume of the flowers.

Star Jasmine Facts

Name Star Jasmine
Scientific Name Trachelospermum jasminoides
Native Eastern and southeastern Asia including China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. It has been introduced and can be found naturalized in Pakistan, India, the USA, Mexico, Central America, and the Bahamas
Common Names Chinese star-jessamine, Confederate-jessamine, Confederate jasmine, Star-jasmine, Chinese Star Jasmine, Asiatic jasmine; Japanese star jasmine; small leaf confederate jasmine, Chinese ivy, Chinese jasmine, traders compass
Name in Other Languages Chinese: Luo shi (絡石), Lou Shi Teng, Táiwān báihuā téng (臺灣白花藤), Shí lóng téng (石龙藤), Wànzì huā (万字花), Wànzì mòlì (万字茉莉), Shí ling (石鲮)
Dutch: Italiaanse jasmijn, Toscaanse jasmijn, witte sterjasmijn
English: Chinese star-jessamine, Confederate-jessamine, Confederate jasmine, Star-jasmine, Chinese Star Jasmine, Asiatic jasmine, Japanese star jasmine, small leaf confederate jasmine, Chinese ivy, Chinese jasmine, traders compass
French: Faux jasmine, jasmin étoilé
German: Chinesischer Sternjasmin, Sternjasmin
Hindi: Kundo
Italian: Falso gelsomino
Japanese: Ke-teikakazura
Portuguese: Falso-jasmim, jasmim-estrelado
Russian: Trakhelospermum zhasminovidnyy (трахелоспермум жасминовидный)
Spanish: Jazmin de leche, jazmin estrella
Swedish: Stjärnjasmin
Thai: Malulī  (มะลุลี)
USA/Hawaii: Maile haole
Vietnamese: Mỏ sẻ
Western Frisian: Toskaanske Jasmyn
Plant Growth Habit Comparatively fast-growing, short-lived, vigorous, multi-stemmed medium-sized evergreen twining woody vine
Growing Climates Found growing in sunny edges of forests, shrub lands, disturbed sites, wastelands, along roadsides, trails, gardens, parks, cemeteries, recreational sites in coastal areas, and bush tracks
Soil Good humus-rich, well-drained moderately retentive soil. Succeeds in moderately acid or alkaline soils
Plant Size Can reach 10 meters under optimal growing conditions in warm humid regions; but usually grows about 5 to 7m tall and 2m wide
Stem Glabrous or pubescent when young, mostly branched, and with spotted lenticels on surface, glabrous when older
Leaf Opposite, oval to lanceolate, 2–10 cm (3⁄4–3 7⁄8 in) long and 1–4.5 cm (3⁄8–1 3⁄4 in) broad, with an entire margin and an acuminate apex
Flowering season July to August
Flower Fragrant flowers are white, 1–2 cm (3⁄8–3⁄4 in) diameter, with a tube-like corolla opening out into five petal-like lobes
Fruit Shape & Size Slender follicle 10–25 cm (3 7⁄8–9 7⁄8 in) long and 3–10 mm (1⁄8–3⁄8 in) broad, containing numerous seeds
Propagation By seeds and vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments and layering
Plant Parts Used Whole Plant mostly Flowers, leaves
Seed Oblong, 1.5-2 cm, coma 1.5-4 cm
Taste Bitter
Season October

Apart from being one of popular ground cover plants, medicinally it is a very common Chinese herb that has amazing healing powder on treating stroke, arthritis, arthralgia, and other conditions associated with tendon and vessel. Because of that, it is listed in the Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing (Divine Farmer’s Materia Medica) as a top-grade herb.

Plant Description

Star jasmine is a comparatively fast-growing, short-lived, vigorous, multi-stemmed medium-sized evergreen twining woody vine that normally can reach 10 meters under optimal growing conditions in warm humid regions; but usually grows about 5 to 7 m tall and 2 m wide. The plant is found growing in sunny edges of forests, shrub lands, disturbed sites, wastelands, along roadsides, trails, gardens, parks, cemeteries, recreational sites in coastal areas, and bush tracks. The plant performs best in humus-rich, well-drained moderately retentive soil. It can also succeed in moderately acid or alkaline soils. Remarkable for its vigor, it develops long twining stems lined with persistent foliage and shiny, leathery, sometimes taking beautiful red hues. Stems are glabrous or pubescent when young, mostly branched and with spotted lenticels on surface, glabrous when older. Stems exude a milky sap when broken.

Leaves

The leaves of star jasmine are arranged opposite to each other and the petiole measures anything between 2 – 5 cm in length. The young leaves are thickly covered with greyish-brown fine hairs, which drop as the leaves mature. The leaf blade has an oval or elliptical shape. Sometimes, they are also lanceolate and measure between 2 – 8 cm in length and 1.5 – 4 cm in width. The apex of the leaves is acute or obtuse, while they are rounded or broadly cuneate around the base as well as the entire margin.

Leaf arrangement Opposite/sub opposite
Leaf type Simple
Leaf margin Entire
Leaf shape Elliptic (oval)
Leaf venation Pinnate
Leaf type and persistence Evergreen
Leaf blade length Less than 2 inches
Leaf color Green
Fall color No fall color change
Fall characteristic Not showy

 

Flowers

The inflorescence of star jasmine is axillary and measure about 5 cm in length. The plant bears white, aromatic flowers. The calyx of Trachelospermum jasminoides flowers is small and divided into five parts; the floral tube has a cylindrical shape and measures anything between 3 – 6 mm and is puberulous or minutely pubescent. Each flower has five stamens, two carpels and numerous ovules.

Flower color White
Flower characteristic Showy; pleasant fragrance

 

Fruit

The shape of the follicles is cylindrical and measures around 15 cm. The flowers bloom between July to August. The seeds of star jasmine are linear, brown and flat having a bunch of very bright and soft fur.

Fruit shape Pod or pod-like
Fruit length 1 to 3 inches
Fruit cover Dry or hard
Fruit color Unknown
Fruit characteristic Inconspicuous and not showy

 

Traditional uses and benefits of Star Jasmine

  • The leaf is restorative and tonic.
  • This plant is especially useful for the aged.
  • Flowering stem is analgesic, antibacterial, anti-rheumatic, antispasmodic, depurative, emmenogogue, febrifuge, resolvent, tonic and vasodilator.
  • Decoction is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, sore throats and various boils and abscesses.
  • The seed is cardio-tonic and hemostatic.
  • Whole plant is cooked with other foods and used to treat rheumatism.
  • Stem is used for the treatment of rheumatism and injury.

Other facts

  • In Asia, a strong bast fiber obtained from the inner bark is used in making rope, sacks, and paper.
  • Flowers yield perfumed oil.
  • Star Jasmine is commonly grown as an ornamental plant and houseplant.
  • It is used as a climbing vine, a groundcover, and a fragrant potted plant on terraces and patios in gardens, public landscapes and in parks.
  • A valuable perfume oil is extracted from the steam distilled or tinctured flowers and used in high end perfumery.
  • In a dilute form, tinctured flowers are much used in Chinese, Vietnamese and Thai incenses.
  • Bast fiber is produced from the stems.
  • An essential oil is obtained from the flowers.
  • It uses hold fast roots to hold onto upright substrates for climbing.
  • It is not a true jasmine in the genus Jasminum but gives of the fragrance of a jasmine.

Precautions

  • Avoid use during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Avoid if you are suffering from Diarrhea.
  • Consuming high doses of it may cause Convulsions and respiratory diseases.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=505546#null

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Trachelospermum+jasminoides

https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/52837

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a155

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRJA

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trachelospermum_jasminoides

https://bie.ala.org.au/species/NZOR-6-125206

http://en.hortipedia.com/Trachelospermum_jasminoides

https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1207043

https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/18287/Trachelospermum-jasminoides/Details

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36784

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/TCHJA

https://www.valdosta.edu/administration/finance-admin/plant-ops/campus-plants/confederatejasmine.php

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