Obesity is a complex problem that can negatively affect your physical and mental health. The long-term consequences of being overweight or obese include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. As well as the physical effects, obesity can be linked to depression and anxiety in some individuals. Health professionals believe tackling obesity is crucial to prevent these issues from occurring later in life.
Many people now take responsibility for their health by changing their lifestyles, including following a diet plan and exercising regularly. However, for those who find it difficult to lose weight, some over-the-counter remedies may help them achieve their weight loss goals. UK Meds are a trusted provider of Orlistat in the United Kingdom. You can get your prescriptions from these providers.
Obesity in the UK
Obesity is a major public health problem, especially for children and young people. Over 4 million children in the UK are estimated to be overweight or obese.
Obesity is when a person has an unhealthy amount of extra fat that is unhealthy for the body. Obesity is not just about being overweight or having a higher-than-normal body mass index (BMI). It’s when the fat has built up that health problems may occur.
What Causes Obesity?
There is no single cause of obesity. Some people are more likely to become obese than others due to their genetic makeup, but even then, it doesn’t mean that they will become obese forever. The common causes of obesity are:
- Genetics: Some people are more likely to become overweight because they have inherited genes that make them more likely to store fat and put on weight.
- Age: As people age, the metabolism slows down, and we tend to eat less. This means that our body weight naturally increases.
- Physical activity: Lack of physical activity is a major cause of obesity. Obesity is associated with increased fat mass and decreased lean body mass (muscle). Muscle atrophy leads to a higher resting metabolic rate and less energy expenditure.
- Eating habits: Eating too much high-calorie food and not enough fruits and vegetables may contribute to weight gain. Eating too much-processed food increases the risk of obesity. So does eating fast food such as burgers, fries, and pizza more than once a week.
The Effects of Obesity
Obese people are at higher risk for some diseases and conditions, including:
- High Blood Pressure
Obesity increases the risk of developing high blood pressure (hypertension). This condition occurs when there is too much pressure on the arteries due to excessive amounts of fluid in the body or increased resistance in the arteries caused by fatty deposits in the walls of blood vessels.
People who are overweight are at greater risk because they have more fat tissue around their bodies that can cause resistance in their arteries. They may be diagnosed with pre-hypertension or stage 1 hypertension if their blood pressure readings are elevated but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as stage 2 hypertension (high blood pressure).
- Musculoskeletal Disorders
The effects of obesity on the musculoskeletal system are not only due to the increased body weight, but also the extra load placed on bones, joints, and muscles. There is a direct relationship between higher BMI and osteoarthritis. The risk of osteoarthritis is increased in obese individuals, and it seems to be more pronounced in men than women.
Obesity can also increase the risk of lower back pain, knee pain, and hip pain. This may be due to mechanical factors, such as increased weight-bearing on joints and soft tissues, or it may be due to metabolic changes associated with obesity, such as insulin resistance, which can affect muscle function.
Foot problems are common in obese people because they have difficulties finding comfortable shoes that fit correctly. They may also have skin problems caused by friction from ill-fitting shoes.
- Coronary Heart Disease
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease, which results from an accumulation of fat in large arteries that supply blood to the heart. This causes the arteries to narrow and harden, restricting blood flow to the heart. This condition is called atherosclerosis. The risk of developing coronary heart disease increases as the body mass index (BMI) rises above 30 kg/m2.
Obesity increases your risk for stroke by increasing your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, increasing your risk of heart disease and diabetes. It also reduces blood flow to the brain because fat tissue builds up around blood vessels and constricts them, making it harder for oxygen and nutrients to reach your brain cells.
In addition, obesity can cause sleep apnea, a condition that causes you to stop breathing while you sleep. Sleep apnea can lead to daytime fatigue and cognitive impairment, which can also increase your risk for stroke.
- Gallbladder Disease
Gallbladder disease is one of the most common health problems associated with obesity. The gallbladder is a small organ that stores bile, which is made in the liver and helps food move through your digestive tract. Bile helps break down fats and vitamins.
Obesity increases the risk of gallstones because it raises cholesterol levels in the blood. As a result, more cholesterol is absorbed by the liver and stored there as a type of fat called cholesterol ester. This cholesterol ester can form stones when combined with calcium salts in the bile ducts.
Obese people have an increased risk of gallstones because their bodies take longer to digest food than those at an average weight. This slows food movement through the intestines and gives more time for bile to form.
The risk for gallbladder disease also increases with age, because older people tend to eat more fatty foods than younger adults, and they may not digest these foods as well as they once did.
Exploring the Role of Orlistat
Orlistat is a drug used to treat obesity. It’s marketed under the brand name Alli and works by inhibiting the enzyme responsible for breaking down fat during digestion. It is typically prescribed alongside a reduced-calorie diet and exercise program and can be taken as an over-the-counter medication or as part of a medication called Xenical.
The main purpose of Orlistat is to decrease the amount of fat absorbed by your body during digestion. When you eat food containing fat, it breaks down into tiny particles called lipids.
Then, special cells called enterocytes absorb lipids, which transport them through your digestive tract into your bloodstream for energy production. Orlistat blocks this process by preventing the breakdown of fat molecules in your gut, which means fewer calories get absorbed into your bloodstream.
In summary, Orlistat may be a promising new treatment for obesity. It acts on the gastrointestinal tract to inhibit the absorption of some dietary fats. Any reduction in weight resulting from this drug could go a long way toward reducing your risk of developing obesity-related diseases. You can get your prescription from your licensed doctor. Additionally, UK Meds are a trusted provider of Orlistat in the United Kingdom.