Health benefits of Tayberry ~ Rubus fruticosus x idaeus

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Tayberry Quick Facts
Name: Tayberry
Scientific Name: Rubus fruticosus x idaeus
Origin Scotland
Colors Reddish-purple color when fully ripe
Shapes Cone shaped fruit measure up to 4 cm (1.5 inches) in length.
Taste Slightly Acidic
Health benefits Delays signs of ageing and lowers cholesterol, Provides essential iron, Regenerates and repairs body cells, Helps in the growth of DNA and RNA, Prevents neural tube defects in infants, Used in making tasty wine, Cures diarrhea, gum problems, Beneficial for skin and hair, Excellent source of antioxidants, Reduces unwanted body fats, Helps to maintain optimal blood sugar levels, Prevents risks of colon cancer
Tayberry scientifically known as Rubus fruticosus x R. idaeus is a cultivated shrub in the genus Rubus of the family Rosaceae patented in 1979 as a cross between a blackberry and a red raspberry, and named after the River Tay in Scotland. The fruit is sweeter, much larger, and more aromatic than that of the loganberry. The tayberry is grown for its edible fruits which can be eaten raw or cooked, but the fruit do not pick easily by hand and cannot be machine harvested, so they have not become a commercially grown berry crop. As a domestic crop, this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

The tayberry was first developed, in 1962, in Invergowrie (right by the Tay River, thus the name) by David Jennings and David Mason, botanists at the Scottish Crops Institute. Since these are a cross between a blackberry and raspberry, the flavor of this fruit is strongly aromatic. Though both these fruits contain similar percentage of acids, compared to loganberry, the tayberry is less acidic.  However, since the fruit is extremely soft when it ripens, it needs to be harvested only by hand. This is the main reason why the tayberry is not grown commercially. Even after the ripened tayberries are picked, they retain their inner core (receptacle).

Tayberry Facts

Name Tayberry
Scientific Name Rubus fruticosus x idaeus
Native Scotland
Common Names Tayberry
Name in Other Languages Afrikaans: Tayberry
Albanian: Tayberry
Amharic: Tayberry
Arabic: Taybyry (تايبيري)
Armenian: Tayberry
Azerbaijani: Tayberry
Bengali: Tayberry
Bulgarian: Tayberry
Burmese: Naypyitaw (နေပြည်တော်)
Chinese: Tài bó lǐ (泰伯里)         
Croatian: Tayberry
Czech: Tayberry
Danish: Tayberry
Dutch: Tayberry
English: Tayberry
Esperanto: Tayberry
Estonian: Tayberry
Filipino: Tayberry
Finnish: Tayberry
French: Tayberry
Georgian: T’eibri (ტეიბრი)       
German: Taylorberry
Greek: Vatómouro (βατόμουρο)
Gujarati: Ṭēyabērī (ટેયબેરી)
Hausa: Tayberry
Hebrew: טייבר
Hindi: Tayberry
Hungarian: Tayberry
Icelandic: Tayberry
Indonesian: Tayberry
Irish: Tayberry
Italian: Tayberry
Japanese: Teiberī (テイベリー)
Javanese: Tayberry
Kannada: Ṭēberri (ಟೇಬೆರ್ರಿ)
Kazakh: Tayberka (тайберка)
Korean: Tayberry
Kurdish: Tayberry
Lao: Tayberry
Latin: Idaeus
Latvian: Tauriņš
Lithuanian: Silkmedis
Macedonian: Tejberi (Тејбери)
Malagasy: Tayberry
Malay: Tayberry
Malayalam: Tey‌beṟi (ടെയ്‌ബെറി)
Maltese: Tayberry
Marathi: Tebaree (टेबरी)
Mongolian: Takhiany makh (тахианы мах)
Nepali: Taayaberee (टायबेरी)
Norwegian: Tayberry
Oriya: ଟାଏବେରୀ |
Pashto: ټایبری
Persian: تيبري
Polish: Tayberry
Portuguese: Tayberry
Punjabi: Ṭē abērī (ਟੇਅਬੇਰੀ)         
Romanian: Tayberry
Russian: Tayberry
Serbian: Taiʙerri (таиберри)
Sindhi: ٽي بيري
Sinhala: Tēberi  (ටේබෙරි)
Slovenian: Tayberry
Spanish: Tayberry
Sudanese: Tayberry
Swedish: Tayberry
Tajik: Taybr (тайбр)
Tamil: Ṭēperri (டேபெர்ரி)
Telugu: Tayberry
Thai: Tayberry
Turkish: Tayberry
Ukrainian: Malina (малина)
Urdu: ٹائی بیری
Uzbek: Tayber
Vietnamese: Tay dâu
Welsh: Mwyar Mair
Zulu: I-tayberry
Plant Growth Habit Vigorous, trailing or arching, deciduous shrubs
Growing Climates Warm, sunny to partially shaded and somewhat sheltered places
Soil Moderately moist, slightly acidic-slightly calcareous, well drained soil with a high amount of organic materials
Plant Size Will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 0.5m
Stem Stout, thorny stems bearing lobed
Leaf Leaves are green, heart-shaped, pointed and toothed. Upper leaf is  pale green and the undersides are white usually with five leaflets
Flowering season May to September
Flower Flowers are white, with noticeably wide-spaced petals, they appear as early as late April to early May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees
Fruit Shape & Size Cone-shaped fruit can measure up to 4 cm (1.5 inches) in length
Fruit Color Reddish-purple color when fully ripe
Propagation By tip layering or from cuttings
Taste Slightly Acidic
Plant Parts Used Fruits, leaves
Season June to October

Plant Description

Tayberry is a vigorous, trailing or arching, deciduous shrub that normally reaches a height of 2.5 m and a spread of 0.5 m. Tayberries normally like warm, sunny to partially shaded and somewhat sheltered places. The plant prefers moderately moist, slightly acidic-slightly calcareous, well-drained soil with a high amount of organic materials. It can be planted in spring or autumn. The plant stout, thorny stems bearing lobed. Leaves are green, heart-shaped, pointed and toothed. Upper leaf is pale green and the undersides are white usually with five leaflets. The flowers are white, with noticeably wide-spaced petals, they appear as early as late April to early May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees.

Fruits

Tayberry fruit are cone shaped and are a reddish-purple color when fully ripe. They can be up to 4 cm (1 1⁄2 in) long. Similar to the blackberry, the receptacle (the core) remains in the berry when it is picked. The tayberry is less acidic than the loganberry, with a strong flavor. The plant has a growth habit similar to that of the blackberry. The cropping period is long, from early mid to late summer. When fully ripe, the berries are very soft, but only then develop their full aroma.

Health Benefits of Tayberry

Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of tayberry

1. Delays signs of ageing and lowers cholesterol

Tayberry is loaded with Vitamin C, which makes it a citrus fruit. It helps in healing wounds fast and fights against the free radicals, delaying signs of ageing. It is also helpful for reducing the cholesterol level in the body.

2. Provides essential iron

Iron, which is essential for the body, is found in high quantities in tayberry. If your body is deficient in iron, you will suffer from anemia. So tayberry helps you to treat anemia and makes you healthy.

3. Regenerates and repairs body cells

Tayberry is rich in flavonoids, which help in regenerating the body cells as well as repair the cells. So small children and pregnant women benefit a lot by consuming tayberry.

4. Helps in the growth of DNA and RNA

RNA and DNA are the building blocks of the body cells and tayberry helps in the growth and development of RNA and DNA. Having tayberry everyday prevents any changes that may take place in DNA, which can lead to cancer and other such major problems.

5. Prevents neural tube defects in infants

Pregnant women benefit a lot by consuming this fruit as it aids in preventing neural tube defects in the new born baby.

6. Used in making tasty wine

Tayberry is used to make tasty wines. The wine thus made has lots of health benefits the taste is very refreshing, quite different from other blends of wines. This wine has a sweet and tart taste and is red in color. A glass of tayberry wine taken regularly is said to make your immune system strong.

7. Cures diarrhea, gum problems

People suffering from diarrhea will find tayberry helpful as consuming this fruit would bring instant relief. Chewing and munching the tayberry fruits as well as the leaves of this plant helps to prevent the body from being dehydrated due to diarrhea, while the dietary fiber present in the fruit absorbs additional water. Those suffering from bleeding gums will also find the leaves of this plant beneficial. It is said to cure all types of gum problems. Simply chewing the leaves of tayberry plant effectively cure bleeding gums.

8. Beneficial for skin and hair

Tayberries are also beneficial for the health of your skin and hair. Make a paste of the fruit, which is loaded with vitamins and antioxidants, and apply it on your skin or to your hair for nourishment. While it will provide nourishment to the hair follicles making the hair healthy and thick, your skin will be smooth and have a youthful glow.

9. Excellent source of antioxidants

If you wish to remain healthy and fit, you need to intake plenty of fruits and vegetables containing antioxidants. Antioxidants help to counteract and eliminate all harmful free radicals, thereby protecting us from various diseases. Tayberry is rich in antioxidant content and consuming this fruit helps to keep you healthy. Hence, you should eat more tayberries to increase the presence of antioxidants in your body.

10. Reduces unwanted body fats

Consuming tayberries helps to reduce the unwanted fats in the body, thus aiding weight loss. This ability of the fruit is attributed to the high concentration of antioxidants in it. By cutting down on the accumulated fats, tayberry also helps to keep you healthy and fit.

11. Helps to maintain optimal blood sugar levels

Unexpected rise in the levels of blood sugar can often lead to serious health conditions, including diabetes. Therefore, consuming enough tayberries on a regular basis helps to check the blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes, thereby ensuring your overall wellbeing.

12. Prevents risks of colon cancer

Intake of sufficient amount of tayberry on a regular basis can help in avoiding the risk of developing colon cancer and other serious health conditions. Since these berries are rich in antioxidant content, they help to eliminate the detrimental free radicals, which are responsible for various forms of cancer and other serious diseases. Aside from free radicals, consumption of tayberry also helps to eliminate all types of harmful chemicals from the body.

Traditional uses and benefits of Tayberry

  • Tayberry offers a number of health benefits, especially lowering the cholesterol levels and holding up the signs of aging.
  • Consumption of tayberries helps to heal wounds quickly.
  • Tayberry can not only help you to get rid of anemia, but also maintain your overall health.
  • Consuming tayberry is highly beneficial for pregnant women as this fruit helps to prevent any defects in the neural tubes of newborns.
  • Tayberry is also helpful for lactating mothers.

Culinary Uses

  • The fruit is eaten uncooked or made into fruits spreads or desserts.
  • Macerated Tayberries can be added to cocktails or smoothies.
  • Cooked down and sweetened they can be used to make sauces, ice cream, and sorbet.
  • Tayberries are also ideal for making berry crumble or pies.
  • You may also serve the raw fruit as a spread for waffles, cream scones, pikelets and even pancakes.
  • You can also use tayberries to prepare a wonderful jam and add them to various fruits such as apples and to pies.
  • A wine made from tayberries has several happy aficionados.
  • You can also macerate tayberries in cider vinegar, gin, vodka or brandy.

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tayberry

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