Understanding the Basics of Periodontal Disease

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You already know that there are a number of health issues that can affect the teeth and gums. How familiar are you with periodontal disease? This type of condition is more common than many people think. In fact, periodontal disease is considered one of the most common dental problems in North America. Here is some basic information that you should know about this condition, including what can be done about it.

What is Periodontal Disease?

periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that can have a detrimental impact on the bone structure of the jaw. Over time, this condition can weaken the fibers that help to hold the teeth in position. It can also adversely affect the integrity of the bone itself, rendering it unable to support the teeth properly. If the condition is ignored, the teeth will begin to lean out of alignment and eventually be lost.

How Does It Come About?

One of the primary causes of periodontal disease is the presence of plaque on the teeth and gums. The bacteria contained in the plaque can seep under the gum line and begin to break down the bones and fibers holding the teeth in place.

Since plaque constantly develops, the most effective way to prevent periodontal disease from developing is to brush and floss regularly. That means brushing after meals and flossing at least three or four times a week. There are also mouthwash products that can help dislodge plaque and minimize the threat of this type of dental issue.

What Are Some of the Symptoms?

Even if you’re not experiencing pain, it’s possible for periodontal disease to be present. If your gums bleed when you brush your teeth, the disease could be present. Receding gums is another common sign. Teeth that seem to be loose is another indication something is wrong. If the gums begin to swell and feel tender to the touch, the disease has reached an advanced stage.

What Can Be Done About Periodontal Disease?

If you want to know what can be done about periodontal disease, information is provided by Mapleridge Dentistry, family dental clinic in Vaughan that will help you understand how to deal with the situation. Antibiotics will help to some degree. It may be necessary to use a combination of topical and oral antibiotics in order to kill the bacteria that’s present.

You will also likely need to undergo a procedure known as root planing. This approach involves going under the gum line and removing and bacteria that has build up along the bone. It also helps to clean the pockets around the teeth and prevent further damage to the fibers that help to hold each tooth in position. Your dentist can assess the severity of the situation and come up with a course of treatment. If the condition is caught in the early stages, there may be no need for any type of dental surgery.

How Quickly Should I See a Dentist?

If you notice any of the signs of periodontal disease, now is the time to make an appointment with your dentist. Since some of the more common signs are also associated with other dental issues, it takes a professional to come up with a correct diagnosis. Once the dentist completes the examination, it will be easier to know what needs to happen next.

Don’t assume that periodontal disease that’s not causing any pain is minor. Some patients reach advanced stages before they feel the first twinge of discomfort. By then, the situation can be severe. Take the warning signs seriously and see a dentist as quickly as possible. Doing so will increase the odds of enjoying excellent dental health for a long time.

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