Facts about Water Blinks

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Facts about Water Blinks

Water-blinks Quick Facts
Name: Water-blinks
Scientific Name: Montia fontana
Origin California, also outside of California, but is limited to North America
Shapes Globose capsule dehiscent by 3 valves and usually with 3 black, reticulated and reniform seeds
Calories 36 Kcal./cup
Major nutrients Manganese (46.52%)
Vitamin C (32.11%)
Vitamin E (30.00%)
Iron (16.25%)
Total dietary Fiber (11.68%)
Montia fontana, commonly known as blinks or water blinks is a herbaceous annual plant of the genus Montia and Portulacaceae (Purslane family). It is a common plant that can be found in wet environments around the globe, from the tropics to the Arctic. It is quite variable in morphology, taking a variety of forms. It is sometimes aquatic. The plant is native to California, also outside of California, but is limited to North America. It is an aquatic plant traditionally consumed in the Centre and West of the Iberian Peninsula, where it is one of the most highly valued wild vegetables. It can be found in many temperate regions throughout the world including some European areas, but it is rare in the East and South Europe. Few of the popular common names of the plant are Fountain miner’s lettuce, Annual water minerslettuce, Blinks, Water-blinks, Annual water miner’s-lettuce, Blinking chickweed, Fountain candyflower, Fountain miner’s-lettuce, Water chickweed and Dwarf montia.

Plant Description

Water blinks is an annual or perennial, glabrous and fleshy herb that may grows about 50 cm or more. The plant is found growing in springs, flushes, lake, river and stream margins, damp tracks, paths and winter-moist sand or gravel, wet meadows, around the margins of ponds, imperfectly drained moist areas, seepage slopes, moss, in wet springy places among mosses, along brooks, or among tall sedges and grasses by the edge of stagnant and muddy pools, less commonly in open places in wet sand or mud when stems become prostrate and somewhat tufted. The plant has taproot with fibrous roots from a lower stem nodes. Stem is thin and branching up to 50 cm or more when it grows in water and shorter when appears in land.

Leaves

Basal leaves are lacking; stem leaves are linear to broadly oblanceolate, opposite, 4-15 mm long, 1-7 mm wide, tapering to short stalks or unstalked.

Flowers

Flowers occur in solitary or in small umbellate clusters in upper axils, extremely short-lived; pedicels elongating to 1 cm long in fruit. Sepals wider than long, broadly rounded at apex, shortly united at base; petals are unequal, united in the lower third, white to pale mauve. Stamens 3; style trifid to below halfway to almost entire. Flowering normally takes place from May to October.

Fruits

Fertile flowers are followed by egg-shaped capsules, flattened, 1.5 mm long dehiscent by 3 valves usually with black, round seeds, 0.7-1.2 mm long, with numerous small projections, appendage round or flat.

Traditional uses and benefits of Water-blinks

  • Very hot poultice of the plant fried in olive oil is applied over the bladder as a diuretic to treat difficulty urinating and pain caused by cystitis.
  • Previously heated plant was placed on the affected area to treat suppurating sores and rheumatism.

Culinary Uses

  • Leaves can be consumed raw.
  • Fairly bland, Water-blinks are always eaten raw in salads after being meticulously cleaned.
  • These salads are prepared dressing the plants with salt, vinegar and olive oil.
  • Leaves can turn bitter in summer, mainly if the plant is growing in a hot dry position.
  • Young and tender stems and leaves of this plant are traditionally consumed in the regions of the Iberian Peninsula where it grows.
  • It is consumed even nowadays, being still possible to find it in some greengrocers and even in some restaurants.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=20404#null

https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Montia+fontana

https://www.cabi.org/ISC/datasheet/115655

http://www.floracatalana.net/montia-fontana-l-

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MOFO

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2508965

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montia_fontana

https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/montia/fontana/

http://www.herbiguide.com.au/Descriptions/hg_Waterblinks.htm

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