Rudraksha Facts

Rudraksha, also known as Elaeocarpus ganitrus is a seed traditionally used for prayer beads in Hinduism. The seed is produced by several species of large evergreen broad-leaved tree in the genus Elaeocarpus, with Elaeocarpus ganitrus being the principal species used in the making of organic jewelry or mala. It is grown in the foothills of the Himalayas to Southeast Asia, Nepal, Indonesia, New Guinea to Australia, Guam, and Hawaii. The Rudraksha tree starts bearing fruit in three to four years from germination. As the tree matures, the roots form buttresses, rising up near the trunk and radiating out along the surface of the ground. Rudraksha seeds are covered by an outer husk of blue when fully ripe, and for this reason are also known as blueberry beads. Ripe fruit is fleshy and has a seed with blue shell. Inner part or bead lying in the seed is called Rudraksha. Rudraksha, being organic, is preferably worn in ways that do not involve metal; thus on a cord or thong rather than a chain.

Name Rudraksha
Scientific Name Elaeocarpus ganitrus
Native North-East India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Philippines, Manila, Myanmar
Common/English Name Genitri, Shivaksh, Neelkantaksh, Shivbindu, Shivpriya, Paavan, Sarvaksh, Haraksh or Bhutanashan.
Name in Other Languages Australia: Quandong
English: Blue marbletree 
English: Blue quandong 
English: Blueberry-ash
English: Blue-fig 
English: Brisbane quandong 
English: brush quandong
English Indian oilfruit
English New Guinea-quandong
English silver quandong
English: white quandong
English: wooden beggar-bead
India: Rudraksh  
Sanskrit: Chattu sampangi, Rudraksha, Bhutnasan
Hindi: Rudraki, Rudraksha
English: Utrasum Bead Tree , Wooden Begger bead
Gujarati: Rudraksh
Bengali:  Rudrakya
Kannada:  Rudrakshi mara, Rudraksh
Malayalam:  Rudraksha, Rudraksam
Marathi:  Rudraksha
Punjabi:  Rudraksha
Tamil:  Rudraksha, Ruttiratcam
Telgu:  Rudraksha, Rudraksi
Assam:  Rudrai, Ludrok, Udrok
Other:  Sivaksha, Sarwaksh, Paawan, Nilkanthaksha, Haraksha, Sivpriye
Plant Growth Habit Large perennial, evergreen broad-leaved tree
Growing Climate Basically grown in subtropical climatic region
Plant Size Almost 50ft to 200ft in height
Stem Cylindrical with coarse textured dirty white bark
Bark Bark is grayish white and rough in texture with small vertical lenticels and narrow horizontal furrows.
Leaf Simple, glabrous, oblong-lanceolate, sub-entire or irregularly crenate, acute or acuminate, Pyramidal shape, shining green  on the upper side with a dull leathery on the dorsal side
Flower White or yellow colored, in dense racemes and
mostly from axils of fallen leaves, fringed petals, anthers are linear, appear in April-may
Flowering Season April-May
Fruit Shape & Size Drupaceous fruit resembling olive. Globular in shape, 1cm.  in  diameter,
Fruit Color Deep  blue or  mealy when  ripe
Seed Shape & Size Round & near-round, Symmetrical- oval, nut or cashew
Seed Color Medium brown to almost dark-chocolate colors
Taste Sweet in taste
Season June-October
Varieties/Types
  • One Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Two Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Three Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Four Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Five Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Six Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Seven Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Eight Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha 
  • Nine Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha 
  • Ten Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha 
  • Eleven Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha 
  • Twelve Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Thirteen Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Fourteen Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Fifteen Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Sixteen Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Seventeen Mukhi (face) Rudraksha
  • Eighteen Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Nineteen Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Twenty Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha
  • Twenty one Mukhi (Face) Rudraksha 
Health Benefits
  • Restlessness & Body Ache in Fever
  • For good health
  • Diabetes
  • Gives relief from three basic health ailments
  • High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
  • Chicken Pox
  • Protects from heart diseases
  • Acne & Pimples
  • Helps to increase the memory power
  • Remove skin diseases
  • Enhance beauty
  • Black Spots & Blemish
  • Gives relief from body pains
  • Burning Sensation
  • Help to treat cold and cough
  • Reduce stress
  • Breathing Problems & Asthma