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Egg Mango Quick Facts
Name: Egg Mango
Scientific Name: Mangifera laurina
Origin Myanmar, Indochina (Kampuchea, Vietnam) and Malesia, from peninsular Thailand to New Guinea
Colors Green when young turning to greenish yellow to yellow at maturity
Shapes Ovoid, or kidney-shaped drupe-like small mango, 5–7 cm long and 4 cm thick
Flesh colors Intense yellow
Taste Sweet taste, slightly acidulous
Egg Mango scientifically known as Mangifera laurina is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae. The plant is native to Myanmar, Indochina (Kampuchea, Vietnam) and Malesia, from peninsular Thailand to New Guinea. The tree is found both wild and cultivated in Southeast Asia, where the fruit is widely valued and consumed. It is being used less frequently, however, with the introduction of the related mango (Mangifera indica) which is generally considered to have a superior fruit. Egg Mango, Padi Mango, Water Mango and mangga aer are few of the well-known health benefits of Mangifera laurina. It is commonly known as mangga kopyor, mangga pari in Indonesian. The name of the genus comes from the combination of one of the local names of the fruit, “manga”, with the Latin verb “fero” which means I carry. The Latin name of the species, “laurina” = similar to the bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), refers to the appearance of the leaf.

Egg Mango Facts

Name Egg Mango
Scientific Name Mangifera laurina
Native Myanmar, Indochina (Kampuchea, Vietnam) and Malesia, from peninsular Thailand to New Guinea
Common Names Egg Mango, Padi Mango, Water Mango, mangga aer
Name in Other Languages Burma: Thayet The Nee, Thayet
China: Chang Geng Mang Guo
English: Egg Mango, Padi Mango, Water Mango, mangga aer
Indonesia: Mangga Pari, Parih, Pelem Kecik, Empelem, Asam Pun,
Ampelan Dotan, Empelem, Mangga Tiakar, Pauh Gadang, Pauh Pong
Malay: Bachang Api, Machang, Machang Api
Malaysia: Mempelam, Emplam, Tanh Chai, Mangga Telur,
Mempelam Melur, Mempelam Padi, Pauh Telur, Pauh Padi, Mangga
Ayer, Manga Hutan, Pauh Kijang
Philippines: Apali
Sabah: Mangga Air
Thailand: Mamuang Kaleng, Mamuang Khee Kwaang
Vietnam: Cây Nui, Xoái Nui, Queo
Plant Growth Habit Medium-sized, evergreen, erect tree
Growing Climates Lowland evergreen forests, Lowland tropical rainforest
Plant Size 20–30 m high, with 40–190 cm diameter
Bark Bark surface longitudinally cracked, peeling off in small, narrow strips, pinkish-brown to blackish
Trunk Rough, greyish trunk
Leaf Borne on slender, 2.5–5.5 cm long petiole that is grooved above and inflated at the base. Lamina is oblong-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate to lanceolate, 15–26 cm long and 4–6 cm wide
Inflorescence Paniculate, sub-terminal to terminal, 40 cm long, with slender primary branches; pedicels are about 1.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent to sub glabrous, lax and loosely flowered
Flower Whitish-green to pale yellow, pentamerous, small and fragrant on long pedicel; calyx 5-lobed with acute sepals
Fruit Shape & Size Ovoid, or kidney-shaped drupe-like small mango, 5–7 cm long and 4 cm thick, not beaked
Fruit Color Medium green turning greenish yellow to yellow at maturity
Stone Large, 4–5 cm by 2–3 cm
Flesh   Intense yellow, juicy, very acid and fibrous
Seed Oval, often polyembryonic
Propagation From seeds
Taste Sweet taste, slightly acidulous, with a slight taste of turpentine

Plant Description

Mangifera laurina is a medium-sized, evergreen, erect tree with a massive, globose crown; which normally grows about 20–30 m tall. The bole can be 80 – 100 cm in diameter with rough, greyish trunk. The plant is found growing in lowland evergreen forests and lowland tropical rain forest. Bark surface of the tree is longitudinally cracked, peeling off in small, narrow strips, pinkish-brown to blackish. Leaves are borne on slender, 2.5–5.5 cm long petiole that is grooved above and inflated at the base. Lamina is oblong-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate to lanceolate, 15–26 cm long and 4–6 cm wide, leathery, glabrous, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin entire and slightly undulate, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, lateral veins prominent on both sides. It is glossy green on the upper page, dark green on the inferior side.

Flower

Inflorescence is paniculate, sub-terminal to terminal, 40 cm long, with slender primary branches; pedicels are about 1.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent to sub glabrous, lax and loosely flowered. Flowers are whitish-green to pale yellow, pentamerous, small and fragrant on long pedicel. Calyx is 5-lobed with acute sepals. Petals is 5 and are linear-oblong. About 5 stamens are present but only 1 is fertile and rest are staminodes. Ovary is ovoid to sub globose and style sub terminal.

Fruits

 Fertile flowers are followed by an ovoid or kidney-shaped drupe-like small mango, 5–7 cm long and 4 cm thick, not beaked. Fruits are initially green turning to medium green turning greenish yellow to yellow at maturity. Flesh is intense yellow, juicy, very acid and is fibrous. Stone is found on the center of the fruits that is large about 4–5 cm long and 2–3 cm wide. Seed is oval and is often polyembryonic.

History

Wild distribution of this species is found in Myanmar, Indochina (Kampuchea, Vietnam) and Malesia, from peninsular Thailand to New Guinea, in lowland tropical rain forest. It was probably brought into cultivation long before the introduction of Mangifera indica L. in the region. In most parts of Borneo it is still widely cultivated, but it is now losing ground in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Java, since the fruit is inferior to that of M. indica cultivars. It was probably introduced into the Philippines.

Culinary Uses

  • Mature, ripe and unripe fruit are edible.
  • The ripe fruit is very acid and has been processed into drinks with sugar or honey.
  • More often the fruit is harvested immature, sliced and served in fruit salads with a spicy sauce.
  • Mature, unripe fruits are halved or sliced for use in pickles and chutney.
  • The slices are also dried and salted as preserves and consumed as snacks.

Other facts

  • Seeds being polyembryonic are used often as root stocks for the common mango, Mangifera indica in Malaysia.
  • The wood is used as machang.
  • The heartwood is reported to be grayish to pale red but also chocolate brown.

References:

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Mangifera+laurina

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangifera_laurina

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?315701

https://www.monaconatureencyclopedia.com/mangifera-laurina/?lang=en

https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Mangifera_laurina_(PROSEA)

https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q15544945

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