Health benefits of Jungle Geranium

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Jungle Geranium Quick Facts
Name: Jungle Geranium
Scientific Name: Ixora Coccinea
Origin India and Sri Lanka and widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand
Colors Green when young turning to dark red or purplish-black as they matures
Shapes Globose berry, reddish-black, 0.5 cm across, with persistent calyx
Taste Bitter, Acrid, Sweet
Health benefits Heals the wounds, Body pain, Hemorrhoid medicine, Dysentery medicine, Cramps in the calves, Maintain the health of the uterus
Ixora, Jungle Geranium scientifically known as Ixora coccinea Linn is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae (Madder family). Santan or Jungle flame is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India and Sri Lanka but has long become a popular hedging plant in tropical and subtropical regions such as in South Asia, Africa, southern America such as in Florida and other warmer climates. There are about 400 species spread from Africa to India to Southern Asia. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. Its name derives from an Indian deity. It is the national flower of Suriname. Apart from Jungle Geranium it is also known as Burning Love, Flame of the Woods, Ixora, Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium, Passionate Love, Scarlet Ixora, Scarlet Jungle Flame, Sacred Ixora, Shiva’s Flame, West Indian Jasmine, jungle flame ixora, flame of the forest, red ixora, needle flower, flame flower and Indian ixora. Genus name comes from the Portuguese rendering of Sanskrit Isvara meaning lord, referring to the god Siva. Specific epithet means scarlet.

Jungle Geranium Facts

Name Jungle Geranium
Scientific Name Ixora Coccinea
Native India and Sri Lanka, widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand
Common Names Burning Love, Flame of the Woods, Ixora, Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium, Passionate Love, Scarlet Ixora, Scarlet Jungle Flame, Sacred Ixora, Shiva’s Flame, West Indian Jasmine, jungle flame ixora, flame of the forest, red ixora, needle flower, flame flower, indian ixora
Name in Other Languages Arabic: Iiksurat qarmazia  (إكسورة قرمزية)
Assamese: Rangan, Ronga-rangan, Rogiyal-phul
Bengali: Rangan, Rangana, Rookmini, Raṅgana (রঙ্গন)
Brazil: Iroxa
Burmese: Pan Sayeik, Poan~Na. Rait, Ponna Yeik, Pone-Na-Yeik, Pundarik
Cambodia: Kam ron tea
Chinese: Long Chuan Hua
Czech: Ixora Šarlatová
Danish: Ildkugle, Ixora
Dutch: Faja Lobi, Faya Lobi
English: Flame-of-the-woods, Jungle-geranium, Scarlet jungle flame, burning love, flame of the forest, ixora, red ixora, scarlet ixora, needle flower, sacred ixora, Jungle flame, jungle flame ixora, flame flower, indian ixora
Estonian: Punane Iksoora
Finnish: Korallitähtikukka
French: Ixora Ecarlate
German: Ixore, Scharlachrote Iora, Scharlachroter Flammenbusch, indischer Korallenstrauch
Hindi: Rajana, Ranjan, Rugmini (रुगमिनी), Bandhu-jivaka, bandhuka, cetti, cheththi, paranti, rajana, saoltua, schetti, sveta paranti, tecci, tetti, thetti chelthi, velutta cetti  
Indonesia: Kembang Santen Merah, Soka Merah, Soka Bereum, Rugmini, Kembang asoka
Kampuchea: Kam Ron Tea
Kannada: Gudda Daasala, Guddedasal, Gudde Dosal, Gurugudu, Holedaasala, Kaepala, Kapala Hoo, Kempu Kaepala, Kempugundu Hoo, Kempukepala, Kempulagida, Kepala, Keppulagida, Kepula, Kepuladai, Kevala, Kevala Gida, Kisagaara Hoo, Kisgara, Kiskar, Kiskara, Kissara, Kissargida, Kisu Kaare, Kisukaare, Kisukare, Kusumaale, Maale Gida, Maale Hoo, Maalehoo Gida, Haḷadi kisukāre (ಹಳದಿ ಕಿಸುಕಾರೆ)
Konkani: Patkali, Podkali  
Malay: Pechah priok
Malayalam: Cekki, Cetti (ചെത്തി), Chekki, Chethi, Chetti, Kattutechi, Schetti, Shekki, Shetti, Tecci, Techi, Tetti, Thechhi, Thechi, Thetti
Marathi: Bakali, Bakora, Padkali, Pankul, Pendgul, Pendkul, Pentgul, Pitkuli, pendagul (पेंडगूळ)
Myanmar: Pan-thawka , pan-zayeik , pon-na-yeik
Oriya: Bondhuko, Romoniphulo, Ruktuka
Paluan: Kerdeu Ra Ngebard
Panama: Cache De Tore, Jazmin De Coral
Peru: Buquet de novia
Philippines: Tangpupo (Bisaya), Santan, Santan-Pula, santan, dwarf santan
Polish: Iksora szkarłatna
Portuguese: Amor Ardent, Flor De Coral, Ixora, Ixora Coral, Cruz De Malta, Ixora Coral, Ixora Vermelha, Siderodendro
Sanskrit: Bandhujivaka, Bandhuka (बन्धूक), Bandhujivaka Parali, Binduka, Ishwara, Parali, Paranti, Patali, Raktaka, Raktala, ishwara (ईश्वर)
Spanish: Amor Ardiente, Bola De Coral, Coral, Corallilo, Cruz De Malta, Equisósea, Ixora, Jazmin Del Diablo, Santa Rita
Sri Lanka: Rathmal, Vedchi, Ratambala, Bandhuka
Swedish: Eldboll
Tagalog: Ixora
Tamil: Attimankicacceti, Attimankicam, Cetarakacceti, Cetarakam, Cetaram, Cetti-Cetti, Cheddi, Cinturacceti, Cinturam, Citaram, Cuvetaki, Cuvetakicceti, Erinakai, Koranpoo, Koran, Koranpu, Kullai, Mayilai, Sedaram, Setti, Sinduram, Tecci, Telli, Vedcci, Vedji, Vellaivetci, Vellaivetcippucceti, Velvetci, Verchi, Vetchi, Vetci, Vitchie, Vitci (வெட்சி)
Telegu: Bandhuca, Bandhujeevakamu, Bandhujeevamu, Bandhujivakamu, Bandhujivamu, Bandhukamu, Koranam, Korani, Mankana, Manmadhabana, Nuru Varahalu, Manmadhabāṇaṁ (మనమధబానం)  Manmadibanum, Manmathabanamu, Raama Bhanamu, Rama Banamu (రామబాణము), Nūru varahālu – erupu (నూరు వరహాలు – ఎరుపు)
Thailand: Khem Baan, Khem Nuu, Khem Farang
Tonga: Huni kula
Vietnam: Mẫu Đơn, Cây Đơn Đỏ, Trang Son, Mẫu đơn đỏ, bông trang dỏ, dơn dỏ, dun trung quoc, dun do
Plant Growth Habit Small, dense, multi branched, glabrous evergreen shrub
Soil Thrives best in light-texture, well-drained, fertile, acid soils with pH 5.0–5.5 and rich in organic matter. It does best in full sun but tolerates partial shading. Ixora is mildly tolerant of salt sprays but is intolerant of highly alkaline soils becoming chlorotic
Plant Size 4–6 ft. (1.2–1.8 m) in height, but capable of reaching up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) high
Stem Herbaceous, aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical, differentiating into nodes and internodes, green
Leaf Sessile, opposite, decussate, simple, leathery, glossy green, ovate to obovate with cordate or obtuse bases, apiculate tips, 3.5–8 cm long and 2.5–3.5 cm wide
Flower Flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4, ovate, reddish. Corolla sympetalous, 3–4.5 cm long, 4-lobed, tubular-rotate, the lobes 4, lanceolate to ovate, pointed, reddish, pink or yellow
Fruit Shape & Size Globose berry, reddish-black, 0.5 cm across, with persistent calyx
Fruit Color Green turning to dark red or purplish-black as they matures
Propagation Vigorous growing tip cuttings
Plant parts used Flowers, leaves, roots, bark and the stem
Available Forms Decoction, tincture, poultice or dried and powdered
Taste Bitter, Acrid, Sweet
Culinry Uses
  • The flowers are edible and used as condiment and for flavoring in India, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
  • Ripe fruits are edible, eaten by local ethnic communities especially children in Kerala.
Health Benefits
  • Heals the wounds
  • Body pain
  • Hemorrhoid medicine
  • Dysentery medicine
  • Cramps in the calves
  • Maintain the health of the uterus

Plant Description

Jungle Geranium is a small, dense, multi branched, glabrous evergreen shrub that normally grows about 4–6 ft. (1.2–1.8 m) in height, but capable of reaching up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) high. It has a rounded form, with a spread that may exceed its height. The plant thrives best in light-texture, well-drained, fertile, acid soils with pH 5.0–5.5 and rich in organic matter. It does best in full sun but tolerates partial shading. Ixora is mildly tolerant of salt sprays but is intolerant of highly alkaline soils becoming chlorotic. Stem is herbaceous, green, and aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical, and differentiating into nodes and internodes.

Leaves

Leaves are sessile, opposite, decussate, simple, leathery, glossy green, ovate to obovate with cordate or obtuse bases, apiculate tips. They are 3.5–8 cm long and 2.5–3.5 cm wide, margin entire, with interpetiolar, deltoid stipules. Leaves are bronzy when young, later turning to a gleaming dark green.

Leaf arrangement Whorled
Leaf type Simple
Leaf margin Entire
Leaf shape Ovate
Leaf venation Pinnate
Leaf type and persistence Evergreen
Leaf blade length 2 to 4 inches
Leaf color Green
Fall color No fall color change
Fall characteristic Not showy

 

Flower

Flowers borne in dense terminal, dichasial cymose heads, cymules 3-flowered, occasionally 2–5 flowered. Flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous and epigynous. Calyx is aposepalous, the sepals 4 are ovate, reddish. Corolla is sympetalous, 3–4.5 cm long, 4-lobed, tubular-rotate, the lobes 4, lanceolate to ovate, pointed, reddish, pink or yellow. Androecium is polyandrous, stamens 4, exerted. Ovary is 2-loculed, syncarpous, style filiform, stigma bifid, ellipsoid and exerted. The colors depending on cultivars may be white, red, orange, pink or yellow. Jungle Geranium flowers bloom all year round.

Flower color Red; yellow; pink; white; orange
Flower characteristic Year-round flowering

 

Fruits

Fertile flowers are followed by fleshy globose berry that is 0.5 cm across, with persistent calyx. Fruits are initially green turning to dark red or purplish-black. When fully developed, there are two seeds per fruit. However, usually one develops and one aborts in Puerto Rican plants.

Fruit shape Round
Fruit length Less than .5 inch
Fruit cover Fleshy
Fruit color Purple
Fruit characteristic Inconspicuous and not showy

 

Health benefits of Jungle Geranium

Jungle Geranium flower has several substances that can cure some diseases. Diseases that can be cured are as follows

1. Heals the wounds

Jungle Geranium flower can be used as a wound healer. This plant consists of natural compounds that can help speed up the process of wound healing in the body. The trick is also quite easy, pound the plant and paste it on the wound. However, since this is the traditional way, then you have to be careful in using it, especially in terms of cleanliness so that the wound does not get worse due to bacteria.

2. Body pain

If you are experiencing body pain, you should try to consume boiled water from this plant. In addition, you can also massage on areas of pain and consume drugs to relieve pain, if the pain does not heal.

3. Hemorrhoid medicine

One characteristic of hemorrhoids is a lump in the anus that feels pain when the patient is sitting or while dispose of feces. In severe conditions, the lump may rupture and bleed. At a severe level, hemorrhoids can only be cured by way of surgery. Therefore, ordinary medication is not possible to do. However, if the hemorrhoids are still at a mild level, you can consume Jungle Geranium flower.

4. Dysentery medicine

In addition to being used as a hemorrhoids drug, Jungle Geranium flower can also be used as a dysentery medicine. Because this plant consists of a lot of active compounds that are used to cure various diseases, one of them is dysentery.

5. Cramps in the calves

Jungle Geranium flower also serves as an analgesic, which can eliminate pain. Of course, this is very useful to overcome the cramps in the calf naturally. In addition to using this plant, you can also apply a balm and massage it slowly. Or you can also do a light stretch to relieve cramps.

6. Maintain the health of the uterus

Jungle Geranium flower also helps to keep the uterus healthy. Because the womb is one of the important organs that a woman has in order to obtain offspring.

Traditional uses and benefits of Jungle Geranium

  • Flowers, leaves, stem and roots are used to treat various ailments in the Indian traditional system of medicine, the Ayurveda, and also in various folk medicines and in Southeast Asia.
  • Decoction of leaves has been used for wounds and skin ulcers.
  • Poultice fresh leaves and stems have been used for sprains, eczema, boils and bruises.
  • Bark has been used for bloodshot eyes.
  • Diluted root tincture has been used for mouthwash and gargle for sore throat.
  • Root decoction have been administered as a sedative in the treatment of nausea, hiccups and loss of appetite, to stimulate gastric secretion, to act as cholagogue, to control dysenteric diarrhea and to clarify urine.
  • Moistened powdered roots are applied externally to sores and chronic ulcers.
  • In Sri Lanka traditional medicine, a decoction of Jungle Geranium flowers is used for haemophytis, acute bronchitis and dysmenorrhea.
  • Flowers and bark are used on reddened eyes and outbreaks in children.
  • Root decoction is recommended for dysentery, loss of appetite, fever and gonorrhea and as a sedative for hiccups and nausea.
  • Leaves are used for dermatological disorders.
  • In the Philippines, decoction of roots is used to treat nausea, hiccups and anorexia.
  • Powered roots are used for sores and chronic ulcers.
  • Flowers have been used for dysentery, leucorrhoea, bloodshot eyes.
  • Flower decoction has been used to treat hypertension, amenorrhea and irregular menstruation, hemoptysis and catarrhal bronchitis.
  • Root decoction is used to clarify the urine and used as an analgesic, sedative, diuretic and anti-dysenteric in Indochina.
  • Flowers have similar but weaker properties and fresh leaves and stems are used as poultice for sprains, eczema, boils and contusions.
  • Root is used as a stomachic, for acute dysentery, loss of appetite, chronic ulcers, and applied on sores in India.
  • Flower is used for dysentery, catarrhal bronchitis, and leucorrhea.
  • Decoction of the roots is used as a sedative in the treatment of nausea, hiccups and loss of appetite in Philippines.
  • Flowers are used in the treatment of dysentery, leucorrhoea and dysmenorrhea.
  • Decoction of the flowers is recommended to treat Haemoptysis and catarrhal bronchitis.
  • Decoction of the root is used in folk medicine as an analgesic, sedative, diuretic and anti-dysenteric.
  • Roots or flowers are used as anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrheal drugs, astringent, tranquilizer and appetite stimulant in Thailand.
  • Flowers are also used as cholagogue and stimulant of digestive enzyme secretion.
  • In India the roots are reported to possess sedative and stomachic properties and are used against hiccups, fever, and gonorrhea, loss of appetite, diarrhea and dysentery.
  • They are reported to stimulate gastric secretions and bile and to provide relief in abdominal pains.
  • Roots possess astringent and antiseptic properties and are applied to sores and chronic ulcers, and also to treat headache.
  • Decoction of the flowers or the bark is used as a lotion against eye troubles, sores and ulcers.
  • Leaves are used to treat diarrhea, it is widely cultivated as an ornamental.
  • Flower infusion is used as bathing for infants to protect against skin disease.
  • It is used as sedative for hiccups, loss of appetite, fever and gonorrhea.
  • It is also used for dysentery, hemoptysis, catarrhal bronchitis, and dysmenorrhea.

Ayurvedic Health benefits of Jungle Geranium

  • Skin Diseases: Chop flowers of Jungle Geranium. Boil them in Coconut oil. Use it over infected or damaged Skin.
  • Leucorrhoea: Crush flowers of Jungle Geranium to make paste. Add 1 tsp. of it in 1 glass of Buttermilk. Have it twice a day.
  • Fever: Make a decoction with flowers of Jungle Geranium. Have 20 ml of it once a day.
  • Dysentery: Grind 100 g dried roots of Jungle Geranium with 50 g Black Pepper. Consume it by adding 20 g of the powder in Buttermilk. Have it twice a day.
  • Diarrhea: Take 500 g root bark of Jungle Geranium and 300 g Long Pepper. Grind them to make powder. Take 2 g of it twice a day with lukewarm water.

Other Facts

  • In warm climates, Ixora with flowers in various shades of red, pink, orange, yellow or white is popularly and widely planted as an ornamental for hedges and screens, foundation plantings and mass plantings in flowering beds or grown as a specimen shrub or small tree, in a container in the patio or poolside and in pots around the outside of houses.
  • Dwarf or miniature varieties are also popular.
  • Jungle Geranium flowers are also cut and used for flower arrangements.
  • It is the national flower of Suriname.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=35200#null

http://www.hear.org/pier/species/ixora_coccinea.htm

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20580

https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/29175

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=e515

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=IXCO

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixora_coccinea

https://npgstest2.agron.iastate.edu/gringlobal/taxonomydetail?id=20580

https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1856114

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-103356

https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fp291

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/IXRCO

https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/244744

https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Ixora_coccinea_(PROSEA)

https://www.monaconatureencyclopedia.com/ixora-coccinea/?lang=en

http://www.stuartxchange.org/Santan.html

http://globinmed.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=106269:ixora-coccinea-l&catid=286&Itemid=357

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?rep=rep1&type=pdf&doi=10.1.1.214.2713

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ixora+coccinea

http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Ixora%20red.html

https://bie.ala.org.au/species/https://id.biodiversity.org.au/node/apni/2911526

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/161206/#b

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