|Marsh Cudweed Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Gnaphalium uliginosum|
|Origin||Widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America|
|Shapes||Small achenes, nerveless|
|Health benefits||Beneficial for laryngitis, upper respiratory catarrh, tonsillitis, high blood pressure, lung problems, leucorrhea, hemorrhage, sciatica, lumbago, arthritis|
Marsh Cudweed Facts
|Scientific Name||Gnaphalium uliginosum|
|Native||Widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America|
|Common Names||Cudweed, Low cudweed, Marsh cudweed, Mouse-ear, Mud cudweed, brown cudweed, wayside cudweed|
|Name in Other Languages||Afrikaans: Cudweed
Amharic: T’elefe (ጠለፈ)
Arabic: Tahlab (طحلب)
Armenian: Kokord (կոկորդ)
Azerbaijani: Cudweed, Bataqlıq qurucası
Bulgarian: Byal smil (бял смил), blagolyubiv byal smil (благолюбив бял смил)
Catalan: Gnafali uliginós
Chinese: Zhū cǎo (猪草), shī shēng shǔ qū cǎo (湿生鼠麴草)
Czech: Pudink, protěž bažinná
Danish: Cudweed, Almindelig Hør, Krans-Lilje, Sump-evighedsblomst, Vild Tulipan, Østrigsk Hør, Sump-evighedsblomst, sumpevigedsblomst
Dutch: Cudweed, Moerasdroogbloem
English: Cudweed, Low cudweed, Marsh cudweed, Mouse-ear, Mud cudweed, brown cudweed, wayside cudweed
Estonian: Kaisukaru, Soo-kassiurb
Finnish: Cudweed, Peltopellava, Tiikerililja, Varjolilja, Savijäkkärä
French: Cudweed, Cotonnière des fanges, Gnaphale des fanges, Gnaphale des marais, Gnaphale des mares, Gnaphale des vases, Cotonnière des marais, Gnaphale uligineuse, filaginelle des marais, gnaphale des lieux humides, gnaphale fangeux, gnaphale uligineux, immortelle des marais
Georgian: Sidukhch’ire (სიდუხჭირე)
German: Cudweed, Sumpf-Ruhrkraut, Sumpfruhrkraut
Greek: Ankaliá (αγκαλιά)
Hungarian: Gyopár, Iszapgyopár
Icelandic: Hvítlaukur, Grámygla
Irish: Cudweed, Gnamhlus corraigh
Italian: Cudweed, Canapicchia palustre, gnafalio acquatico
Japanese: Kaddou~īdo (カッドウィード), himechichikogusa (ヒメチチコグサ), ezonohahakogusa (エゾノハハコグサ)
Kannada: Kaḍvīḍ (ಕಡ್ವೀಡ್)
Kazakh: Qıdır (қыдыр)
Korean: Daegu (대구), wae tteok ssuk (왜떡쑥)
Latvian: Cudweed, dumbrāja zaķpēdiņa
Lithuanian: Pelėda, Pelkinis pūkelis
Macedonian: Bradavica (брадавица)
Northern Sami: Mohterádná
Norwegian: Cudweed, Krøll-lilje, Lin, Villtulipan, Åkergråurt
Polish: Cudweed, Szarota błotna
Portuguese: Cudweed, gnafa-cinzenta, gnafa-cinzenta
Russian: Sushenitsa (сушеница), Sushenitsa topyanaya (Сушеница топяная)
Serbian: Cudveed (цудвеед), mrki srcopuc (мрки срцопуц)
Sindhi: جذباتي ڪيو
Slovak: Bielolístok barinný
Slovenian: Cudweed, močevna molova roža
Spanish: Cudweed, močevna molova roža, gnaphalium de pantano, siempreviva de cumbres, siemprevivas de las cumbres, yerba de alcaudones, yerba de gorriones
Swedish: Cudweed, Klipplin, Krollilja, Lin, Tigerlilja, Vildtulpan, Savijäkkärä, Sumpnoppa
Turkish: Cudweed, bozağan
Ukrainian: Sushenitsya (сушениця), Sukhotsvit bahnovyy (Сухоцвіт багновий)
Vietnamese: Cây tầm ma
Welsh: Cudweed, Edafeddog y gors
|Plant Growth Habit||Woolly annual|
|Growing Climates||Damp places in sandy fields, heaths, waysides, lake, pond margins, ephemeral pools, damp, arable grasslands, paths, shores, puddles, ditches, small roads, yards, wasteland, meadows, pastures|
|Plant Size||3-15 cm. tall|
|Stem||Straight or slightly receding, unbranched or usually branched|
|Leaf||Leaves are up to 2 inches long, up to 1/8 inch wide, toothless, covered in white woolly hair, often a bit wavy around the edges, pointed at the tip with no leaf stalk|
|Flowering season||July to August|
|Flower||Very small about 3 to 4 mm long and crowded in small clusters of 3 to 10, near the ends of the branches and in axils of leaves, whitish to light brownish-green to straw-colored|
|Fruit Shape & Size||Elliptic, glabrous, brown, achene less than 1 mm (0.04 in.) long, tip with unbranched hairs.|
|Plant Parts Used||Bitter, pungent|
Marsh Cudweed is a woolly annual plant normally growing about 5-20 cm. tall with short roots (5-18 cm). It is covered with tufted white tomentum, especially above, at anthodia. Stalk more or less branchy from the base. The plant is found growing in damp places in sandy fields, heaths, waysides, lake, pond margins, ephemeral pools, damp, arable grasslands, paths, shores, puddles, ditches, small roads, yards, wasteland, meadows, pastures, depressions in cultivated fields, streams, valleys, roadside ditches and grain fields.
Leaves are alternate (1 per node) but numerous and appearing tufted near the tips of branches. Leaves are up to 2 inches long, up to 1/8 inch wide, toothless, covered in white woolly hair, often a bit wavy around the edges, pointed at the tip with no leaf stalk. Stems typically spread out from the base, making it wider than tall, and are also densely covered in woolly hairs, giving them a whitish cast.
Flower heads very small about 3 to 4 mm long and crowded in small clusters of 3 to 10, near the ends of the branches and in axils of leaves, whitish to light brownish-green to straw-colored and look like buds or flowers that have already died back and turned brown, without ray florets; involucral bracts tiny, thin, papery, tan or light brownish. Flowering normally takes place in between July to August.
Fertile flowers are followed by small achenes, nerveless. One plant produces 100 to 500 hemicarps; weight of 1000 seeds is 0.007 g.
Traditional uses and benefits of Marsh Cudweed
- Marsh cudweed is little used in modern herbalism, though it is occasionally taken for its astringent, antiseptic and anti-catarrhal properties.
- Whole plant is anti-inflammatory, astringent, diaphoretic and diuretic.
- It may also have aphrodisiac and anti-depressant effects.
- It is used both internally and externally in the treatment of laryngitis, upper respiratory catarrh and tonsillitis, whilst in Russia it is used in the treatment of high blood pressure.
- The plant is harvested when it is in flower and is dried for later use.
- It’s good for constipations and hemorrhoids in the form of therapeutic enema.
- Cudweed decoction is taken internally for thrombophlebitis.
- It is used topically for wounds, ulcers and burns.
- Gargle and mouthwash of cudweed is said to soothe throat irritations.
- In British herbal medicine, it is occasionally taken for tonsillitis, sore throat, and hoarseness, and for mucus in the throat, nasal passages, and sinuses.
- An infusion is useful for lung problems, leucorrhea and intestinal problems including hemorrhage.
- Cold infusion helps expel intestinal worms.
- Homeopathic tincture is used for sciatica, lumbago and some kinds of arthritis.
- Fresh juice is used to calm excessive sexual desire.
- It makes a good fomentation for bruises, wounds and ulcers.
- Dried flowers are used like hops for a calming herb pillow. As a mouthwash and gargle, the infusion is good for sores in mouth and throat.
- It is widely used in the treatment of hypertension, thrombophlebitis, phlebothrombosis and ulcers.
- Decoction and infusion of G. uliginosum are known to possess anti-inflammatory, astringent, and antiseptic properties.
- Oil extracts are used in the treatment of laryngitis, upper respiratory catarrh and tonsillitis.