Rambai the Wonderful fruit

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Rambai the Wonderful fruit

Rambai Quick Facts
Name: Rambai
Scientific Name: Baccaurea motleyana
Origin Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo
Colors Greenish-yellow to whitish-yellow when ripe
Shapes Globose to ellipsoid, 2.5–4 cm, 3-seeded indehiscent berries
Flesh colors Whitish
Taste Sweet to acid
Calories 148.5 Kcal./cup
Major nutrients Vitamin C (27.50%)
Iron (12.38%)
Phosphorus (6.29%)
Protein (6.16%)
Calcium (4.40%)
Health benefits Overcoming dehydration, Prevent cancer, Cures Red eye, Source of energy for the body, Cure some skin diseases, Maintain blood sugar levels, Nutrition of pregnant women postpartum, Helps the digestive system, Healthy digestive organs
Baccaurea motleyana commonly known as Rambai is medium-sized tree of genus Baccaurea Lour and Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family) the same family as related fruits like lang-khae and mafai. The plant is native to Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, West-, South- and East-Kalimantan) and Moluccas. Some of the common names of the plant are Common Rambai, mafia-farang, ramai, lam-khae, raa-maa tee-ku, pekan, ulup-lavai, bua trai, pekang, ramie, duo mai mu nai guo, menteng, sekoyun, pahae, rambeh, buah jentik and asam lambun. Rambai fruit is a kind of fruit that will bear fruit in considerable amounts. This fruit also contains nutrients with benefits and good health benefits. The fruit is similar to duku fruit.

Plant Description

Rambai is an evergreen, sub-canopy, dioecious, much branched tree that grows about 8–14 m (26–46 ft.) tall and a trunk diameter of up 40cm, with a low, round, bushy crown. The plant is found growing in lowland primary and secondary, tropical rain forest, or open scrub vegetation and rarely riparian forest. The plant grows on alluvial soils, yellow clay, and sand or limestone soils. The plant has yellowish brown, scaly to flaky bark and terete and densely hairy branchlets. The evergreen leaves are shiny green on the upper surface and greenish-brown and hairy underneath. Each leaf is up to 33 centimeters long and 15 cm wide. The twigs, petioles and lower side of leaves are velvety.

Flower & Fruit

The species is dioecious, with male and female flowers growing on separate individuals. Both types of flowers are fragrant and have yellow sepals. The staminate racemes are up to 15 centimeters long and the pistillate inflorescences may reach 75 centimeters in length.  The fruits are each 2 to 5 centimeters long and about two cm wide and grow in strands. Pericarp is 0.5–1.5 mm thick; column about 18–23 mm long, straight.  Each fruit is greenish-yellow when young turning to whitish-yellow when ripe, it wrinkles at ripening and is filled with whitish pulp containing about 3 to 5 seeds. Seeds are ellipsoid; laterally flattened, brown, 13–20 by 9–15 mm. Arillode is translucent, white to rarely purple. The pulp is sweet to acid in taste. They may be eaten raw or cooked or made into jam or wine. The tree is also used for shade and low-quality wood.

History

The rambai is a native of Sumatra, Borneo and Java. It is widely cultivated throughout Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali, and has found its way to neighboring countries like Thailand and the Philippines. It is cultivated in tropical areas elsewhere in Southeast Asia, Northern Australia and Yunnan in China.  It belongs to Phyllanthaceae family. But nowadays it is cultivated throughout the world because of its amazing taste and health promoting benefits.

Health benefits of Rambai

In addition to a healthy snack, fruit Rambai proved to contain numerous nutrients. Although the size is small, but you cannot merman efficacy for the body. Fruit consists of water, protein, saccharose, fiber, some vitamins and other minerals. On average all the compounds contained in this fruit will nourish your body. Let us discuss further about the benefits and efficacy of rambai for the health of the body.

1. Prevent cancer

Rambai fruit can also be a fruit used to prevent cancer. This disease should be a disease that should be avoided early. For that, you can eat fruit this one as a preventive cancer malignant. Include it in your regular diet as a preventive measure against cancer.

2. Overcoming dehydration

Rambai fruit consists of lot of water content for overcoming dehydration. In addition to water, you can also try to consume this fruit for thirst release. In addition to fresh, you will get good nutrition from the nutritional content in it.

3. Cures Red eye

Red eyes are actually an indication of eye disorders caused by many factors, ranging from itching until there are objects that enter into it. It turns out that the efficacy of rambai is also useful for this. Blend some of these fruit and then take the juice to drip into the red eye.

4. Helps the digestive system

Fiber content found abundantly in rambai fruit helps in proper functioning of the digestive system. It is a fruit with high enough fiber content. Fiber is a good nutrient for the processing of the food in the digestive organs more smoothly.

5. Maintain blood sugar levels

Rambai fruit is quite beneficial for keeping blood sugar levels under control. This fruit does not contain excessive sugar content, so it will not raise blood sugar levels in your body.

6. Healthy digestive organs

Rambai fruit helps to maintain healthy organs. This fruit will improve the working function of digestive organs such as intestine and stomach. A healthy digestive organ will make your digestive system healthy too.

7. Nutrition of pregnant women postpartum

Mothers who have given birth after pregnancy need plenty of nutrients to restore their health. One fruit that can be a source of healthy food pregnant women are fruit rambai. This fruit will provide extra energy and energy for pregnant women after childbirth.

8. Cure some skin diseases

For outer disease, rambai is considered very powerful. This fruit is able to cure several skin diseases such as itching, panu, scabies, and also ringworm. The trick is very simple, just puree this fruit then paste on the skin of the sick.

9. Source of energy for the body

Rambai is a fruit to increase the source of energy in the body. The fruit consists of enough amounts of vitamins, minerals and proteins that will become energy when consumed by the body. You will remain active throughout the day if you include it in your regular diet.

Traditional uses and benefits of rambai fruit

  • Squeezed cambium and inner bark has been used as remedy for eye inflammation.
  • Bark has been used as an ingredient of a concoction of many ingredients and administered internally after childbirth in protective medicaments.
  • Bark can also be made into lotions and is very effective as it was claimed to cure many types of skin problems such as rashes, ringworm and so on.
  • Rambai barks are also used as an ingredient for spices and are boiled for drinking by mothers after childbirth in protective medicaments.

Culinary Uses

  • Rambai is mostly grown for its fruit.
  • Arillode is sweet to acid sweet, eaten raw or made into jams and conserves.
  • Juice of any variety may be used to make drinks by sweetening and diluting according to taste and served over ice.
  • Fruit may be fermented and processed into wine.
  • Sweet fruit is made into conserves or fermented into liquor.
  • Ripe fruits are eaten out of hand or made into jellies and jams.
  • Pulp is used to make desserts and fruit wine.
  • Occasionally the fruits are used to prepare chutneys and pickles.

Other facts

  • Its timber is of low quality but is used for posts.
  • Bark is rich in tannins and yields a mordant for dyes.
  • Black dammar oozes from the bark.
  • Tree is also planted as an ornamental and shade tree.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=506426#null

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/188340/

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAMO4

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-18642

https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/rambai_ars.html

https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Baccaurea_(PROSEA_Fruits)

http://www.tropicalfruits.com.my/pdf/Rambai-k.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baccaurea_motleyana

https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Baccaurea_motleyana

http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/Euphorbs/specB/Baccaurea.htm

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