Health benefits of Red Physic Nut

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Red Physic Nut Quick Facts
Name: Red Physic Nut
Scientific Name: Baliospermum montanum
Origin Found in Nepal, Burma, Malaya and India
Baliospermum montanum also known as red physic nut, wild croton, wild castor and wild sultan seed belongs to Euphorbiaceae family. It is a stout undershrub having numerous flowers. It is widely distributed throughout sub-Himalayan region from Khasi Hills to Kashmir. It is common in Bihar, Peninsular, West Bengal and Central India. In Ayurveda, roots are used as a cure for leucoderma, jaundice and wounds. Leaves are used for treatment of bronchitis, asthma and abdominal tumor. Seeds act as a purgative and helpful for gastric complaints. Stem decoction is used to provide relief from toothache. It has the majority of bioactive compounds such as carbohydrates, alkaloids, steroids, glycosides, coumarins, flavonoids, fatty acids, saponins, protein, tannins and amino acids, anthroquinones, terpenoids and phenols.

Traditional uses

  • Roots are anthelmintic, purgative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, rubefacient and tonic.
  • It is used for constipation, dropsy, leprosy, jaundice and skin diseases.
  • Leaves are used for bronchitis and asthma.
  • Oil extracted from seeds is hydragogue cathartic and apply it externally in rheumatism.
  • Seeds are used as an antidote for snake bite and constipation.
  • Leaves are used by tribals of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karimnagar district for treating asthma and headache.
  • Stem decoction provides relief from toothache.
  • Seeds, roots, seed oil and roots are used as a treatment for constipation, jaundice, anemia, piles and conjunctivitis.
  • Useful for calculus, abdominal pain, constipation, piles, genera anasarca, scabies, helminthic infestation and skin disorders.
  • Apply the root paste to piles and painful swellings.
  • Leaves provide relief from asthma and seeds are useful to cure snakebites.
  • Use the bark juice to treat malarial fevers and lower swellings due to inflammation.
  • Use it externally to treat burns, eczema, scabies and ringworm.
  • Apply the paste of bark to cure gum swellings and sores.
  • In Nepal, thin twigs are used as toothbrushes for treating toothache, swollen gums and bleeding.
  • Leaves are used to treat medical conditions such as convulsions, coughs, fevers, guinea worm sores, rheumatic pains, sores, wounds and cuts.
  • Apply the root juice to pimples and boils.
  • In India and Thailand, it is used to treat jaundice, dropsy, abdominal complaints, inflammation, wounds, leucoderma and anemia.

References:

http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Red%20Physic%20Nut.html

http://www.medicinalplantsindia.com/red-physic-nut.html

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Jatropha+curcas

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=1027860#null

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baliospermum_montanum

https://www.planetayurveda.com/library/danti-baliospermum-montanum

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308209501_Phytochemical_profile_of_Baliospermum_montanum_Wild_Muell_Arg

https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Baliospermum_montanum_(PROSEA)

https://www.indianmedicinalplants.info/herbs/index.php/b/1358-baliospermum-montanum-danti-medicinal-uses-adverse-effects-research-pharmacology

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