A medical test that looks for the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood is called a pregnancy blood test. This chemical is created by the placenta after a treated egg inserts in the uterus, and its levels increment dramatically after conception. Blood tests are more than 99% accurate in affirming pregnancy. They are more touchy than pee tests and can distinguish pregnancy prior. However, it is possible to have a false-negative result, particularly if the test is done too early or if the test is faulty. In rare cases, a false positive result can occur if you are taking medication that contains hCG or due to certain medical issues.
Pregnancy is an intriguing time for some ladies, however it can likewise be a period of stress and concern. Blood tests are one way that doctors can help keep an eye on and make sure a pregnancy is healthy. We will discuss the results of pregnancy blood tests and their procedure in this article.
Pregnancy Blood Tests
Pregnancy blood tests are lab tests that are utilized to affirm pregnancy, screen the health of the mother and child, and recognize any expected dangers or complexities. Pregnancy blood tests come in a variety of forms, each having a distinct purpose.
1. The human chorionic gonadotropin:
HCG test is the most common pregnancy blood test. This test estimates the degrees of HCG, a chemical delivered by the placenta during pregnancy, in a lady’s blood. hCG levels increment quickly in early pregnancy and can be identified as soon as 10 days after origination.
HCG tests are available in two varieties: quantitative as well as qualitative A subjective hCG test essentially checks for the presence of hCG in the blood and is normally used to affirm pregnancy. A quantitative hCG test can be used to track the progress of a pregnancy and identify potential problems by measuring the exact amount of hCG in the blood.
2. The blood type and Rh factor:
It is another important blood test that is performed during pregnancy. A woman’s Rh factor (positive or negative) and blood type (A, B, AB, or O) are determined by this test. Rh incompatibility, which can result in hemolytic disease in the newborn, is a possibility if a woman is Rh-negative and her baby is Rh-positive. Medication and careful monitoring during pregnancy can prevent this.
3. Complete Blood Count:
A complete blood count, also known as a CBC, is a blood test that measures the levels of various blood cells, such as platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells. Screening for anemia, infections, and bleeding disorders all of which can affect pregnancy—is done with CBCs.
4. Glucose Screening:
There is a kind of diabetes that happens during pregnancy is called Gestational Diabetes . A glucose screening test may be administered by doctors to check for gestational diabetes. After a woman consumes a sugary beverage, the results of this test are used to determine the blood levels of glucose, or sugar. Diabetes gestationale, which can be managed with diet and medication, may be indicated by elevated glucose levels.
5. Thyroid Capability:
The thyroid is an organ in the neck that produces chemicals that control digestion. During pregnancy, the thyroid organ might become overactive or underactive, which can prompt complexities. Pregnancy-related thyroid disorders can be identified and managed with the assistance of a thyroid function test, which measures the blood levels of thyroid hormones.
6. Screening for Infectious Diseases:
During pregnancy and delivery, pregnant women may undergo a screening for infectious diseases. These tests might include screening for hepatitis B and C and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and syphilis.
How Pregnancy Blood Tests Are Done?
Typically, pregnancy blood tests are done in a doctor’s office or a lab. Following steps are included in the procedure given below:
1. Blood Draw:
A medical care supplier will draw a little stuff of blood from a vein in the lady’s arm utilizing a needle. The method is speedy and generally easy, yet a few ladies might encounter gentle distress or swelling at the site of the needle stick.
2. Analysis of the Sample:
An analysis of the blood sample is carried out in a laboratory. Results may be available within a few hours or a few days, depending on the type of test.
3. Results Interpretation:
A healthcare professional will discuss and interpret the results with the patient once they are available. Additional testing or monitoring may be required in the event that any abnormalities are found.
Pregnancy blood tests are highly accurate in detecting pregnancy. Urine tests, on the other hand, require hCG levels to reach 20 to 50 mIU/mLs. However, if you have any questions or concerns, it is essential to follow the suggested schedule for taking the test and to speak with a healthcare professional.
Blood tests during pregnancy are an important tool for keeping an eye on the health of the mother and her unborn child. Thyroid disorders, Rh incompatibility, and gestational diabetes are just a few of the potential risks and complications that can be identified with the aid of these tests. Healthcare professionals can assist in ensuring a healthy pregnancy and delivery by early detection and appropriate management.
Talk to your doctor about the various pregnancy blood tests that might be recommended for you if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. You can feel more informed and prepared for your pregnancy journey if you know the purpose of each test and what to expect during the testing process.