|Sea Blite Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Suaeda maritima|
|Origin||Virginia north into eastern Canada|
|Colors||Reddish-brown or black (Seed)|
|Shapes||Monomorphic, lenticular, 1–2.2 mm diameter (Seed)|
Sea Blite has a well-marked taste of salinity, and some notes of earth, being different from all other marine vegetables. It has brilliant performance in warm dishes (eggs, mushrooms), hot dishes (fish and seafood) and possibly pickles. It is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. Sea Blite is rich in protein, fiber, vitamin B6, vitamin E and chromium. It is a source of manganese and contains lutein, phenols, flavonoids and tannins.
Sea Blite Facts
|Scientific Name||Suaeda maritima|
|Native||Virginia north into eastern Canada but also two western counties in Florida, a county in the middle of Kentucky, one northern county in Washington, southern Alaska, and Manitoba|
|Common Names||Sea Blite, Herbaceous seepweed, Rich’s seepweed, Annual Sea-Blite, Seaside Indian Saltwort|
|Name in Other Languages||Afrikaans: Seablite
Albanian: Seablite, minurth
Amharic: Baḥirī (ባሕሪ)
Arabic: Seablite, suayda’ bahria (سويداء بحرية)
Armenian: Tsovap (ծովափ)
Bulgarian: Seablite, морска суеда,
Burmese: Painlaal raytanhkwan (ပင်လယ်ရေတံခွန်)
Catalan: Salat maritime, Canyametes
Chinese: Seablite, Luǒ huā jiǎn péng (裸花鹼蓬)
Croatian: Seablite, primorska jurčica
Czech: Mořský vlk, solnička rozprostřená, Solnička přímořská
Danish: Strandgasefod, seablite, Almindelig strandgåsefod , Strandgåsefod
Dutch: Klein schorrenkruid, zeeblind, Schorrenkruid, Klein schorrekruid
English: Annual sea-blite, Herbaceous seepweed, Sea blite, Common Seablite, Sea blite, White sea-blite, salt goosefoot, Atlantic sea-blite, Herbaceous Seablite
Estonian: Merelinnak, rand-soodahein
Finnish: Seablite, Pikkukilokki
French: Soude maritime, Sueda maritime, seablite, blanchette, suéda en épis
Georgian: Zghvisp’iri (ზღვისპირი)
German: Indisches Salzkraut, Strandsode, Strand-Sode, Seablite, Strandsalzmelde, Meerstrand-Gänsefüßchen, Schmalzmelde, Sode,
Greek: Thalassopoúli (θαλασσοπούλι)
Guajarati: Sīblā iṭa (સીબ્લાઇટ), Mōraḍa (vanaspati),(મોરડ (વનસ્પતિ)), lano (લાણો), morad (મોરડ), moras (મોરસ)
Hebrew: Ym (ים)
Hindi: Alur, seablite
Hungarian: Seablite, heverő sóballa, magyar sóballa
Icelandic: Sjóblástur, salturt, Salturt, saltjurt
Irish: Seablite, blide mhara
Italian: Seablite, suaeda, suaeda marittima
Japanese: Shīburaito (シーブライト), Hama matsuna (ハママツナ)
Kannada: Sīblaiṭ (ಸೀಬ್ಲೈಟ್)
Kazakh: Teñiz qabatı (теңіз қабаты)
Korean: Seablite, hae hong na mul (해홍나물)
Lao: Phun thale (ພື້ນທະເລ)
Latvian: Jūras dzelme, Jūrmalas sveda
Lithuanian: Jūros dugnas, Pajūrinė soduotė
Macedonian: Morska voda (морска вода)
Malayalam: Kaṭalttīraṁ (കടൽത്തീരം)
Marathi: Seebalait (सीबलाइट), moras (मोरस)
Mongolian: Dalain urgamal (далайн ургамал)
Nepali: Siblā iṭa (सिब्लाइट)
Northern Sami: Sálteurttas
Norwegian: Seablite, Saftmelde, Strand-melde
Oriya: ସମୁଦ୍ର, ଗେଡ଼ିଆ gerdia
Persian: ساحل, سیاهشور دریایی
Polish: Seablite, Sodówka nadmorska
Portuguese: Seablite, Valverde-da-praia
Punjabi: Samudarī pāṇī (ਸਮੁੰਦਰੀ ਪਾਣੀ)
Russian: Seablite, Sveda primorskaya (Сведа приморская)
Scottish Gaelic: Blide mhara
Serbian: Morska trava (морска трава)
Sindhi: سامونڊي ڪناري
Sinhala: Muhudu patla (මුහුදු පත්ල), Umunddi, umiri
Slovene: Primorski slanorad
Slovenian: Morska moka
Spanish: Seablite, almajo, babosa, cañametes, espejuelo, marroquines, matilla, salitrera, sosa blanca, sosa negra, Slanorad primorski
Swedish: Seablite, Pikkukilokki, Saltört
Tamil: Koyey kasseray keeray, Kayey kaseeray keray, Yella keeray, Cīplaiṭ (சீப்லைட்), Nila Vumarai, nir-umari (நீருமரி), Umarikkīrai (உமரிக்கீரை)
Telugu: Kodee kasseray kura, Kodee kasseery kura, Vellakora, Yella kura, seablite, Alagu
Thai: Cha khraam (ชะคราม), seablite
Ukrainian: Morsʹka klitka (морська клітка), sodnyk prostertyy (содник простертий)
Urdu: سمندری غذا
Uzbek: Dengiz sebliti
Vietnamese: Muoi bien, đá biển, Phì diệp biển
Welsh: Seablite, Gŵydd-Droed Arfor, Helys Unflwydd, Troed yr Ŵydd Arfor
|Plant Growth Habit||Robust, perennial, polymorphous, glabrous, much branched, succulent annual herb|
|Growing Climates||Salt marshes and sea shores|
|Soil||On moist, saline, clayey soils near the sea|
|Plant Size||About 20-50 cm in height, reaching out to 2 m in diameter|
|Stem||Prostrate, decumbent, or erect, usually light brown, simple or branched, sometimes slightly woody at base; main branches arising from proximal part of plant|
|Leaf||Simple and arranged alternatively, with one leaf per node along the stem. Their leaves also absorb large amounts of salt and will turn red when oversaturated|
|Flowering season||July to October|
|Flower||Flower can be either radially symmetrical or bilaterally symmetrical. Flowers 1-3 together in axils of upper leaves, each with 5 green triangular sepals, no petals, and 5 pale yellow stamens|
|Seed||Monomorphic, lenticular, 1–2.2 mm diam.; seed-coat reddish-brown or black, reticulate|
|Season||August to October|
Sea Blite is a robust, perennial, polymorphous, glabrous, much branched, succulent annual herb that normally grows to 20-50 cm in height, reaching out to 2 m in diameter as an upright or spreading shrub. The plant is found growing on seashores, in saltmarsh, mud, sand, sometimes below tideline. It makes an attractive edible feature bush in a succulent garden, rockery or side garden bed. It is found on moist, saline, clayey soils near the sea. Stem is prostrate, decumbent, or erect, usually light brown, simple or branched, sometimes slightly woody at base; main branches arising from proximal part of plant.
Leaves are fleshy, semi-cylindrical, and simple and arranged alternatively, with one leaf per node along the stem. Leaves blades are linear, usually sub-terete, sometimes flat, 10–50 mm long and 0.8–1.7 mm wide, apex blunt to acute. Leaves also absorb large amounts of salt and will turn red when oversaturated.
The flower can be either radially symmetrical or bilaterally symmetrical. Flowers are tiny, 1-2 mm in diameter. Flowers occurs 1-3 together in axils of upper leaves, each with 5 green triangular sepals, no petals, and 5 pale yellow stamens. Flowering normally takes place in between July to October.
Seeds are monomorphic, lenticular, 1–2.2 mm diameter. Seed-coat is reddish-brown or black and reticulate.
The life cycle of Suaeda maritima is known to be mainly annually. The plant will perform its entire life cycle from seed to flower then back to a seed within a single growing season. All roots, stems and leaves of the Suaeda maritima plant will die and the only thing that can bridge the gap between each generation is a dormant seed.
- Young leaves can be consumed raw or cooked.
- It has a pleasant salty flavor; they make a nice addition in small quantities to a salad.
- They are often mixed with other vegetables in order to reduce their saltiness.
- The young shoots are pickled in vinegar and eaten on their own or used as a relish.
- Seed can be consumed raw or cooked.
- Local people in Samut Songkram province use sea blite for different types of cooking such as traditional sea blite salad, sea blite curry with crabs, or scalded sea blite with chili paste.
- In the South of India, sea blite is pickled in vinegar or used for cooking as well as domestic animal food.