|Shiitake mushroom Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Lentinus edodes|
|Origin||East Asia, which is grown in many Asian countries.|
|Shapes||Large, Diameter: 2-4 inches (5 to 10 cm)|
|Major nutrients||Copper (144.33%)
Vitamin B5 (104.22%)
Vitamin B2 (19.00%)
Vitamin B6 (17.77%)
|Health benefits||Treats obesity, Enhance immunity, Eradicate cancer cells, Cardiovascular system, Antimicrobial activity|
The fruit body of Shiitake mushroom is normally 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) in diameter. It is large and umbrella shaped mushroom in dark brown color. The stem is smooth, fibrous and light brown. The fruit possess robust and earthy flavor.
One serving of 145 grams has 81 calories. Shiitake mushrooms are high source of copper; one serving provides 144.33% of daily value. In addition, Shiitake mushroom provides Vitamins such as Vitamin B5 (104.22%), Vitamin B2 (19%), Vitamin B6 (17.77%), Vitamin B3 (13.59%) and folic acid (7.50%). Along with vitamins, it also possesses various minerals, lipids and amino acids as well.
Health Benefits of Shiitake mushroom
For over 6000 years, it was used by the Chinese people for the medicinal purposes. It is loaded with Vitamin B and also counteracts the cancer cells, infections and cardiovascular disease. It possesses antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. All eight amino acids are found in this mushroom. One should add Shiitake mushroom to the diet as it provides various health benefits.
- Treats obesity
Shiitake mushroom contains the components such as b-glucan and eritadenine which have the fat reducing effects. B-glucan reduces the intake of food, slows absorption of nutrition, increase satiety and lower the levels of plasma lipid. The study shows that the rat with high intake of Shiitake mushrooms effectively reduce the fat. It summarizes that the consumption of Shiitake mushroom prevents and treats obesity and other metabolic disorders.
- Enhance immunity
It enhances the immunity power that helps to fight against the diseases as it contains minerals, vitamins and enzymes. The research shows that the consumption of mushroom improves the function of cell effector as well as gut immunity. The intake of mushroom also lowers the inflammation.
- Eradicate cancer cells
Shiitake mushroom assist to counteract the cancer cells. The presence of lentinan repairs the damage of chromosomes which is the result of anticancer treatments. The consumption of Shiitake mushroom prevents the tumor cells growth. It also effectively inducted the process of programmed of cell death also called apoptosis.
- Cardiovascular system
The sterol compounds in the Shiitake mushroom inhibit the cholesterol production in the liver. It also possesses phytonutrients that assist the cells to stick to walls of blood vessel which enhances the circulation and healthy blood pressure. The study shows that Shiitake mushroom prevent the increase in blood pressure. It reduced the HDL and VLDL cholesterol levels.
- Antimicrobial activity
The antimicrobial activities found on Shiitake prevent the disease associated with the gum inflammation due to the microbial biofilm buildup at gingival margin. The extract of Shiitake mushroom reduced the pathogenic organisms without affecting organisms that are related with health.
- Brain health
Shiitake mushroom possess an adequate amount of Vitamin B that assist adrenal function and converts the nutrients into the usable energy. It balances the hormones and maintains the focus by improving the cognitive performance. The addition of Shiitake mushroom to the diet provides extra Vitamin B.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D is essential to maintain the bone health and reduce the chances of heart disease, autoimmune disease, diabetes and certain cancer. It is also required for the metabolism and absorption of phosphorus and calcium.
The adequate amount of Vitamin D promotes the immune system, maintains brain function and body weight, reduces development of rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
- Skin ailments
The intake of Selenium along with Vitamin E and A reduce the acne and its scars. The intake of Shiitake mushroom functions as an acne treatment. The presence of zinc in Shiitake mushroom enhances the immune function and lowers the DHT buildup to promote the skin healing.
- Some people might experience allergic reactions with the consumption of Shiitake mushroom.
- Symptoms such as fever, congestion, headache, coughing, nausea, sneezing and general malaise might be experienced.
- Those who have a blood disorder condition should avoid the consumption of Shiitake mushroom.
Shiitake mushroom – Lentinus edodes Facts
Shiitake is the medicinal mushroom which is prized with a delicious taste as well as texture. It is used for medicinal purposes to treat cancer, environmental allergies, AIDS, Candida infections, flu and colds. Shiitake also soothes bronchial inflammation and lowers high cholesterol levels.
|Scientific Name||Lentinus edodes|
|Native||East Asia, which is grown in many Asian countries.|
|Common/English Name||Flower Mushroom, Chinese Black Mushroom, Winter Mushroom, Emperor’s Mushroom, Golden Oak Mushroom, Glossagyne, Oak Mushroom|
|Name in Other Languages||Japanese: donko
|Grown||Hardwoods such as oak, ironwood, maple|
|Growing Climate||Warm and moist climate|
|Stem||Light brown, smooth, fibrous|
|Fruit shape & size||Large, Diameter: 2-4 inches (5 to 10 cm)|
|Fruit color||Dark brown|
|Fruit Season||Spring to late summer or early fall|
|Major Nutritions (Cooked without salt)||Copper, Cu 1.299 mg (144.33%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 5.211 mg (104.22%)
Selenium, Se 36 µg (65.45%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.247 mg (19.00%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.231 mg (17.77%)
Zinc, Zn 1.93 mg (17.55%)
Carbohydrate 20.87 g (16.05%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 2.175 mg (13.59%)
Manganese, Mn 0.296 mg (12.87%)
Choline 53.4 mg (9.71%)
|Calories in 1cup (145 gm) Cooked without salt||81 Kcal.|
|Traditional uses||Shiitake is used in Japan to treat of cancer as it contains Lentinan and selenium which is antioxidant that prevents cancer.|
|How to Eat||