|Yellow jasmine Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Jasminum humile|
|Origin||Afghanistan, Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Greece, Iran, Italy, Myanmar, Nepal|
|Colors||Green when young turning to black as they mature|
|Shapes||Berry simple or didymous, globular-ellipsoid, 4-6 mm long, full of crimson juice|
|Health benefits||Beneficial for bowels and heart health, ringworm, intestinal problems, chronic sinuses and fistulas|
Yellow jasmine is a small erect much-branched, evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub that normally grows about 2.5–4 m (8–13 ft.) tall and 3 m (10 ft.) wide. The plant is found growing in scrub, dry valleys, in the Himalayas, open forest and margins, coastline, shrub lands, limestone hills, and barren sites. It is a roundish semi-evergreen shrub with thick stems. It has green, angular branches. Leaves are alternate, very variable in size about 2-10 cm long and sometimes revolute. Leaflets 3-7, coriaceous, dark green above, paler beneath, variable in shape, elliptic, ovate, or lanceolate, acute or obtuse, terminal sometimes larger than lateral.
Yellow Jasmine Facts
|Scientific Name||Jasminum humile|
|Native||Afghanistan, Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Greece, Iran, Italy, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sicilia, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia|
|Common Names||Italian jasmine, Italian yellow jasmine, yellow Jasmine, Nepal jasmine|
|Name in Other Languages||Arabic: Geelbosjasmyn, yasimin ‘asfar (ياسمين أصفر)
Azerbaijani: Аlçаqboy jаsmin
Bengali: Svarnajui , Sbarṇacāmēlī (স্বর্ণচামেলী)
Chinese: Ai tan chun (矮探春)
English: Italian jasmine, Italian yellow jasmine, yellow Jasmine, Nepal jasmine
French: Jasmin jaune
German: Niedriger Jasmin
Hindi: Peeli Chameli (पीली चमेली), Son Chameli, Nepal jasmine, Peela jui , Malto
Hungarian: Alacsony jázmin
Malayalam: Ponmallika, jāsmīnaṁ humail (ജാസ്മീനം ഹുമൈൽ)
Nepali: Masino Jaai (मसिनो जाईफूल), Jaaee (जाई)
Persian: یاسمن پاکوتاه
Sanskrit: Svarnajuthica, Hemapushpika
Spanish: Jazmín de Italia
Telugu: Pachche adavimalle
|Plant Growth Habit||Small erect much-branched, evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub|
|Growing Climates||Scrub, dry valleys, in the Himalayas, open forest and margins, coastline, shrub lands, limestone hills, and barren sites|
|Plant Size||About 2.5–4 m (8–13 ft.) tall by 3 m (10 ft.) wide|
|Leaf||Alternate, very variable in size, 2-10 cm long, sometimes revolute; leaflets 3-5(-7), coriaceous, dark green above, paler beneath, variable in shape, elliptic, ovate, or lanceolate, acute or obtuse, terminal sometimes larger than lateral|
|Flowering season||March, April, May, June, July|
|Flower||Terminal corymbose cymes; pedicels 5-15 mm long. Bracts linear, minute. Calyx tube c. 3 mm long, teeth very short. Corolla yellow, tube 1-2.5 cm long, lobes 5, broadly ovate-obtuse or round, reflexed when the flower is open.|
|Fruit Shape & Size||Berry simple or didymous, globular-ellipsoid, 4-6 mm long, black when ripe, full of crimson juice|
|Fruit Color||Green when young turning to black as they mature|
|Plant parts used||Flower, Leaf, Oil, Root|
Flower & Fruit
Inflorescences are lax clusters of yellow tubular flowers at the end of branches. Flowers have a slender tube, 1-2 cm long, with 5 rounded spreading petals, about 6 mm. Sepal tube is cup shaped, only 3 mm in size, with tiny triangular sepals. Flowering normally takes place from March to July. Fertile flowers are followed by black colored berries about 8 mm in size, with crimson juice.
Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Jasmine
- The juice of the root is used to treat skin diseases such as ringworm.
- Milky juice from the whole plant is given to destroy the unhealthy lining-walls of chronic fistulas and sinuses in India.
- Flower is used as an astringent and tonic for bowels and heart.
- Paste made from the flowers is considered effective in the treatment of intestinal problems.
- Yellow dye from roots used for ring worms.
- Flowers yield essential oil used in perfumery.
- It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
- The plant is considered highly toxic.
- Touching the flowers may produce allergic reaction.
- Excessive doses may cause respiratory depression, giddiness, double vision, death.