Musk mallow uses and benefits

Musk mallow Quick Facts
Name: Musk mallow
Scientific Name: Abelmoschus moschatus
Origin Tropical Asia
Shapes Long, lanceolate in form of capsule
Taste No Taste
Health benefits Diabetes, Constipation, Dysuria
Musk mellow scientifically known as Abelmoschus moschatus is an aromatic and medicinal plant native to India in the Malvaceae family. Abelmoschus is derived from Arabic ‘Abu-l-Mosk’ (father of musk) and moschatus means musk smelling (in Latin). Musk mallow drives its name due to the musk like fragrance of its flower. It is a non-toxic plant with edible leaves, flowers and seeds. The flowers and seeds can be eaten raw. Every part of this medicinal plant is used in one or the other way. Apart from musk mellow it is also known as Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Musk mallow, Musk seeds and Ornamental okra. The seeds have a sweet, flowery, heavy fragrance similar to that of musk.

Plant

Abelmoschus moschatus is a soft, herbaceous trailing plant, 0.5- 2.5 meters high with soft hairy stems and a long slender tap root. Leaves are polymorphous, ovate-cordate or more usually palmately cut into 3-5 acute lobes, dentate-serrate, hairy on both sides. Petiole is usually longer than leaves, with long deflexed hairs. Stipules are small and subulate. Flowers are solitary, axillary, large, 3-4 inch, bright yellow, with a purple center. Pedicels are stout, curved, much thickened beneath the flower. Epicalyx segments are 6 – 10, fulvous-hairy. Calyx is spathaceous, deciduous. Corolla is yellow with purple center. Stamens are monadelphous. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.

Fruit

Fruit is long, lanceolate in form of capsule with numerous greyish-brown-blackish seeds, kidney-shaped, slightly compressed with shallow depressions on both sides. They are not velvety to touch. They smell musk-like but with no taste.

Health benefits of Musk mallow

Abelmoschus Moschatus (Ambrette) is a nutritious and healthy wild vegetable. It can lower cholesterol and prevents atherosclerosis. Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of Musk Mallow

1. Constipation

The fiber content in seedpods and mucilage substance in Abelmoschus Moschatus helps reducing habit of constipation. It lubricates the gut and eases in passing stools. Ambrette is beneficial in constipation with dry and hard stools.

2. Dysuria (painful urination), Cystitis, Urethritis & Gonorrheal Cystitis

Ambrette seeds are used for their diuretic action in urinary diseases. Seeds also have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties due to which they help in reducing inflammation and infection of urinary tract and urinary bladder.

3. Diabetes

Indian folks use Musk mallow (Kastori Bhindi) in diabetes. Ambrette seeds are more beneficial for stabilizing sugar level in the blood.

Traditional uses and benefits of Musk Mallow

  • It cleanses urinary bladder, acts as aphrodisiac and is useful in eye disorders.
  • Roots and leaves help to cure gonorrhea.
  • Seeds are also chewed as a nervine, stomachic and to sweeten the breath.
  • Seeds are valued medicinally for their diuretic, demulcent and stomachic properties.
  • They are also said to be stimulant, antiseptic, cooling, tonic, carminative and aphrodisiac.
  • Paste of the bark is applied to cuts, wounds and sprains.
  • Essential oil is used in aromatherapy for the treatment of depression and anxiety.
  • It is also applied externally to treat cramp, poor circulation and aching joints.
  • Decoction of seeds is given internally for disorders of the spleen, vomiting and pectoral lesions.
  • Musk Seed Oil is used in aromatherapy for anxiety, depression, nervousness and stress.
  • Leaves and roots are used for headaches, rheumatism, varicose veins, fever and gonorrhea.
  • Plant is considered a heart tonic and an excellent snakebite remedy.

Culinary uses

  • Muskdana seeds are added to coffee for flavoring.
  • Its leaves are used as vegetable.
  • Young leaves and shoots are cooked in soups.
  • Leaves are also used to clarify sugar.
  • Seed is fried or roasted and has a flavor similar to sesame seeds.
  • Seed is also used as a flavoring for liqueurs or to scent coffee.
  • An essential oil is obtained from the plant and is used to flavor baked goods, ice cream, sweets and soft drinks.

Other Facts

  • Ambrette oil is extracted from seed, is used in perfume industry.
  • It is used as a food flavoring and in perfumery as a musk substitute.
  • Seeds are used as an insecticide.
  • Mucilage obtained from the roots is used as a size for paper.
  • Tobacco is flavored with the flowers.
  • Harvested seeds are sun dried and use in perfumery industries.
  • Cream, yellow and green dyes can be obtained from the plant and the seed heads.
  • Fiber obtained from the stems is used for cordage, textiles and paper making.
  • Bark yields a fiber that is used to produce tough cloths.

Ayurvedic health Benefits

  • Cramps, intestinal disorders, loss of appetite: The tea or tincture prepared from the seeds is taken orally to heal cramping.
  • Excess phlegm: Fruits are eaten to reduce the phlegm.
  • General tonic: The juice obtained from the fruits is used as general tonic.
  • Gonorrhea: The mucilage prepared from the roots and leaves is given orally.
  • Itch: The seeds are rubbed to a paste with milk, and applied.
  • Nervous debility, spermatorrhoea (Dhatu Roga), urinary disorders, Prameha, flatulence: Soak the chopped fruits in water at night and drink the water and chew the pieces next morning.
  • Oral problems: Prepare decoction of seeds/leaves and use as gargle.
  • Sweeten the breath: Chew the seeds.
  • Urinary problems: Seed powder dissolved in water is given with Honey at night after meal.
  • Worms, gastro-intestinal disorders: Extract of seeds in given.

Musk Mallow Facts

Abelmoschus moschatus also known as Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Musk mallow, Musk seeds, Ornamental okra is an aromatic and medicinal plant native to India. The ambrette seeds have a sweet, flowery, heavy fragrance similar to that of musk. Abelmoschus manihot is used to make neri, a starchy substance used in making Washi. It is a non-toxic plant with edible leaves, flowers and seeds. The flowers and seeds can be eaten raw. Every part of this medicinal plant is used in one or the other way. Musk mallow drives its name due to the musk like fragrance of its flower.

Name Musk mallow
Scientific Name Abelmoschus moschatus
Native Tropical Asia
Name in Other Languages English: Ambrette plant, Fautia, gandapura, Kasturi, Musk, musk mallow, Musk mellow, musk okra, musk seed, Muskmallow, Muskseed, okra, rose of Sharon, Vegetable musk plant, tropical jewel-hibiscus
Arabic: Abu-el-misk, abu-l-mosk, habb el mosk, Hab-Ul-Mishk
Assamese:  Gorokhiakarai.
Chamorro: Kamang, caamung
Chinese: Shān yóu má (山油麻), Fúróng má ( 芙蓉麻), Yě miánhuā (野棉花), Yě yóu má( 野油麻), Huáng kuí (黄葵)
Fijian: Ambretta semi, Aukiki, O’e’e, Okeoke, Vakeke, Wakeke, Wakewake, Wakiwaki
French: Algalia, Almizcle vegetal, Ambrette, gombo musqué, graine de musc, ketmie des marais, ketmie musquée, mauve musquée
German: Ambramalve, Bisameibisch, Muskateller-Bisameibisch, Muskateller-Eibisch, Moschus-Malve
Indonesian: Gandapura, kasturi
Italian: Ambretta, Abelmosco, Fior muschiato, Ibisco muschiato.
Gujrati: Bhindo, Bhinda
Punjabi: Mushak Dana, Lata Kasturi
Hindi: Mushk dana, मसक दाना, Jangli bhenda, Latākastūri,
Kannada: Kaadukasthuri, Kasthuribende, Kasturi Kande, Kadu Kastuar, Kasthoori bende
Malayalam: Kasthurivenda, Kattukasthuri, Lathakasthuri, Kasturi Kanda, Kapas hantu, Kapas hutan,
Marathi: Van Bhendi (वन भेंडी), kastur Bhendi (कस्‍तूर भेंडी), Kasturi-Bhenda
Samoan: Aute toga, Fau tagaloa
Swedish: Myskmalva 
Sanskrit: Latakasturika, Latakasturi, Kattaphala, Katuka, Gandhapura, Kasturilatika
Siddha: Kattu Kasturi
Telugu: Kastur benda, Kasturi Bendavittulu, Karpura-Benda
Tamil: Vettilaikkasturi, Kattuk-Kasturi, Kasturivendai, Kattukkasturi, Veṟṟilaikkastūri.
Farsi: Mushk Dana
Bengali: Kasture, Kala-Kasturi, Latakasturi, Mushakdana.
Austral: fautia
Chuukese: karereon, karereon nikapwerik nik, kareron, likonokon, niikapwériik, niikownown, nikapwerik, nikokon, setmwechin, sotumo
Deccan: Kasturu- Benda
Japanese: Ryûkyû tororo aoi
Mangarevan: Pukawa
Maori (Cook Islands): ‘Aute, ta‘uri‘au, vavai tara, vavai tara, vavai tara, vavai tara
Niuean: Fou hele, fou ingo
Palauan: Gongul
Pohnpeian: Kaanth, matai, metei, metey, methey, tehmetei
Samoan: ‘Aute toga, ‘aute toga, fau mageso, fau samasama, fau Tagaloa, fau tagaloa, fau Tagaloa, vavae Samoa
Persian:  Mushk danah.
Russian:  Абельмош мускатный Abelʹmosh muskatnyj, Гибискус мускусный Gibiskus muskusnyj, Желтый гибискус  Zheltyĭ gibiskus.
Solomon Pijin: Te vasivasiakarai
Sundanese: Kakapasan.
Tagalog: Dalupang, kastiokastiokan, kastuli
Tahitian: Fautia, foutheea, pukawa
Thai: Chamot Ton, Mahakadaeng,Som Chaba Vietnamese: Cay Bong Vang, Bup Vang)
Tongan: Fau‘ingo, loa
Turkish: Anber çiç.
Vietnamese:  Cây bông vàng, Bụp vang, Bụp vàng, Búp vàng, Vông vang, Vông vàng.
Ulithian: Hathongethong
Unani: Musk-Daanaa, Habb-Ul-Mushk
Wallisian: Fau ingo
Yapese: Kamwayang
Singhalese: Kapu Kimissa, Kapukinissa
Plant Growth Habit Soft, herbaceous trailing plant
Growing Climate Wastelands, slopes, valleys, stream sides, flat areas, often cultivated for commercial use
Soil Moist, moderately fertile, well-drained soils
Plant Size 0.5- 2.5 meters high
Root Long slender tap root.
Stem Hairy stem
Leaf Polymorphous, ovate-cordate or more usually palmately cut into 3-5 acute lobes, dentate-serrate, hairy on both sides. Petiole is usually longer than leaves, with long deflexed hairs. Stipules are small and subulate.
Flower Solitary, axillary, large, 3-4 inch, bright yellow, with a purple center. Pedicels are stout, curved, much thickened beneath the flower.
Fruit Shape & Size long, lanceolate in form of capsule
Flavor/Aroma Musk-scented
Taste No Taste
Seed Greyish-brown-blackish, kidney-shaped, slightly compressed with shallow depressions on both sides. They are not velvety to touch
Plant Parts Used Seeds, root and leaves
Health Benefits
  • Diabetes
  • Constipation
  • Dysuria
Traditional Medicinal Uses
  • Seeds are used both internally and externally for snake bite.
  • It can be used to improve the taste of the mouth by healing damaged taste buds.
  • Regular ingestion of this fruit helps to tone up the cardiac muscles.
  • Musk mallow is also used in improving erectile dysfunction and also increases the sperm count.
  • Musk mallow leaves are used to cure insect bites.
  • Yellow portion of the petals is used in myricetin, flavonoids and cannabiscitrin.
  • The infusion, decoction or tincture of the seeds is used in cases of nervous debility, nervous disorders, and hysteria.
Precautions
  • Excess dose may cause giddiness, headache etc.
  • The seeds are constipating.
  • The seeds are cooling. Excess use may cause low appetite and indigestion.
  • It is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence.
 

References:

http://eol.org/pages/584456/communities

http://easyayurveda.com/2015/05/24/latakasturi-abelmoschus-moschatus/

http://www.hear.org/pier/species/abelmoschus_moschatus.htm

http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/395735/

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104912

http://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Abelmoschus+moschatus

http://www.gbif.org/species/3152709/vernaculars

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a556

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abelmoschus_moschatus

https://www.bimbima.com/herbs/latakasturi-musk-mallow-information-medicinal-uses-and-more/1929/

http://veggiesinfo.com/musk-mallow/

http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Abelmoschus.html

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=21772#null

http://www.diethealthclub.com/health-food/muskmallow-health-benefits.html

https://www.drugs.com/npp/ambrette.html

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