Black Sapote

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Black Sapote

Black Sapote Quick Facts
Name: Black Sapote
Scientific Name: Diospyros digyna
Origin South America
Colors Bright green to yellowish-green and shiny at first, turning to dull olive-green to muddy-green as mature
Shapes Tomato-like and measure 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter, with an inedible skin
Flesh colors White in immature fruit and turns very dark-brown to almost black as they mature
Taste Sweet like custard, nut-like flavor
Health benefits Strengthen Immune System, Kidney Health, Weight Loss, Improve Digestion, Ensures Eye Health, Control Blood Pressure, Anti-Aging, Bone Strength, Balance Electrolyte, Hormone Balancing, Prevent Constipation
Black sapote scientifically known as Diospyros digyna is a delicious tasting fruit which is native along both coasts of Mexico from Jalisco to Chiapas, Veracruz and Yucatan and in the forested lowlands of Central America, and it is frequently cultivated throughout this range. Commonly known as Chocolate Pudding Fruit this amazing fruit is low in fat and an excellent source of Vitamin C containing about 4 times as much as an orange. The black sapote is a member of the Ebenaceae (Ebony family). Other popular common names of the plant are Axle Grease Plant, Black Apple, Black Persimmon, Chocolate Persimmon, Chocolate Pudding Fruit, Chocolate Pudding Tree, Sapote Negro, Axle Grease Plant, zapote prieto, Caca-poule, Ebano, Guayabote, Mueque, Tauch, Zapote negro, barbaquois and ebenholzbaum. Fruits of the Black Sapote can be eaten fresh (without the skin), used to make ice cream or mixed in fruit juices.

Plant Description

Black Sapote is a handsome, broad-topped, slow-growing, perennial evergreen tree that grows up to 80 ft. (25 m) in height with trunk diameter of up to 30 in (75 cm) with a furrowed trunk and black bark. The trees can grow on a range of soil types but thrives on moist sandy loam, on well-drained sand or calcareous soil or oolitic limestone with very little top-soil. The tree grows fairly slowly for the first 3–4 years, perhaps just 30 centimeters per year for the first couple of years. Later it grows much more rapidly. Trees should be spaced 8-10m apart. Leaves are evergreen, alternate, elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, tapered at both ends or rounded at the base and bluntly acute at the apex, are leathery, glossy, 4 to 12 in (10-30 cm) long.

Flower & Fruit

Black sapote is usually dioecious, meaning that some trees produce only male flowers and no fruit and other trees produce female or bisexual flowers and fruit. Some trees may produce both male and female (or bisexual) flowers on the same tree. The flowers, borne singly or in groups of 3 to 7 in the leaf axils, are tubular, lobed, white, 3/8 to 5/8 in (1-1.6 cm) wide, with persistent green calyx. Fruit are tomato-like and measure 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter, with an inedible skin that bright-green and shiny at first turning to dull olive-green to muddy-green when ripe. The pulp is white in immature fruit and turns very dark-brown to almost black, soft and somewhat sweetish in flavor when ripe.  In the center, there may be 1 to 10 flat, smooth, brown seeds, that are 3/4 to 1 in (2-2.5 cm) long, but the fruits are often seedless.

History

Black Sapotes are native to the southern region of Mexico and can be found growing on the east coast in Jalisco and can be found all the way to the western coast in Yucatan. Fruit was supposed to have come to Mexico from Spain in the late 17th century and then to the Philippines in the late 18th century. The fruit can now be found in Hawaii, Cuba, and Puerto Rico and on the small island of Mauritius off the coast of Africa. Black Sapote trees can be grown in the United States, in Florida. Black Sapote doesn’t grow well in California, mostly because the temperatures are too low. The tropical winter weather is ideal for the Black Sapote; as a result it is one of the few fruits available during the winter months in sub-tropical and tropical regions.

Health benefits of Black Sapote

Black sapote also called as a desert fruit plays a vital role to benefit overall health due the fiber, vitamin and potassium content. One cup of black sapote provides 142 calories, 2.6 g protein, 0.8 g fat, 34 g carbohydrate, 360 mg potassium, 22 mg Vitamin C and 420 IU Vitamin A. Listed below are few of the popular health benefits of Black sapote

1. Strengthen Immune System

Black sapote consists of copious amounts of vitamin C which help the body in fighting harmful foreign toxins and also helps in keeping the body protected from potential diseases. Additionally, it enhances body metabolism.

2. Kidney Health

Potassium found abundantly in the black sapote is extremely beneficial for increasing the stimulation of kidneys. Also, it prevents stones from developing the kidneys. High content of other minerals and antioxidants recover the overall functioning of the kidneys.

3. Weight Loss

Black Sapote fruit consists of ample amount of carotenoids and catechins, which work to release the fat and convert it into energy. It is also low in fat and help delay on hunger. Complex carbohydrates give a long-term satiety due to it takes longer time to digest. Hence, it is good for a weight loss treatment.

4. Improve Digestion

The fruit consists of wonderful amount of dietary fiber. Thus, it helps to improve the digestion by enhancing a fast digestion and absorbing only important nutrients. It avoids the body to gain unnecessary weight. Additionally, it maintains peristaltic movement and improves the work of intestine.

5. Ensures Eye Health

Vitamin A has long been credited with the development of new cells and in overall healthy cell growth. It is also considered to be very beneficial for the health of sight. Being enriched with vitamin A, black sapote is a great fruit that provides a natural supply of plentiful vitamin A. Black sapote is the chief source of vitamin A thus ensuring eye health and improved vision.

6. Control Blood Pressure

Black sapote fruit helps to preserves the blood pressure. It decreases the high blood stress as well as high blood pressure. You could have this fruit daily to control the high blood pressure. Its potassium as well as iron assistance to maintain the blood stress. You can have this fruit along with your blood pressure control medicine.

7. Anti-Aging

The capability of an anti-oxidant makes this fruit also works as an anti-aging. It makes the body look younger and relief the stresses mind. The anti-oxidant capability also can give protection from the disease related with early aging. It stimulates the collagen to bring a healthy skin texture.

8. Bone Strength

Black sapote fruit consists of calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium. These minerals help to strength the bone. This may avoid fracture on the bone and add the mass density of the bone. Thus, it is a good way to improve a healthy bone.

9. Balance Electrolyte

As mentioned before Black Sapote is a good source of potassium. Human being requires 100 mg of potassium daily and Black Sapote consists of 350 mg of potassium. This property of the fruit builds muscles, maintains the fluid-electrolyte balance and heart’s electrical activity. It helps to control blood pressure, kidney problems as well as other issues.

10. Hormone Balancing

Due to the presence of many nutrients, black sapote helps keep the nerves calm and lower down the level of stress and depression. Because elevated stress mostly causes hormone imbalance, consumption of black sapote can prove beneficial in hormone regulation.

11. Prevent Constipation

Black sapote has the capability to improve digestion also can help to prevent constipation. It works as a laxative and decrease the acid inside the stomach. Therefore, it helps to reduce nausea feeling and controlling the stomach to avoid heartburn.

Traditional uses and benefits of Black Sapote

  • Crushed bark and leaves have been applied as a blistering poultice in the Philippines.
  • Leaf decoction was used as an astringent and was taken internally as a febrifuge in Yucatan.
  • Various preparations were used against leprosy, ringworm and itching skin conditions.

Culinary Uses

  • Fruits are best picked and eaten when fully ripe, the pulp becomes soft and pudding like at this stage.
  • Pulp is eaten fresh with lemon or orange juice, or in pastry creams or used in desserts and beverages.
  • Popular desserts include Black sapote mousse, cakes, cheese cakes, bavarois, custards, stuffing for pies and pastry, black sapote torte, black sapote topping (pulp, icing sugar, rum or brandy) or serving it as a sauce with papaya and ice cream.
  • One popular dessert is “Black Sapote Fairy Queen Boat” which includes black sapote topping, ice-cream, mixed fruit and with sherry or port.
  • Pulp is served as dessert with a little milk or orange juice poured over it in Philippines.
  • Pulp can be blended, filtered and mixed with orange juice or brandy, and then served with or without whipped cream or the pulp is mixed with wine, cinnamon and sugar and serve as dessert in Mexico.
  • Pulp can be fermented to made a brandy-like liqueur as in Central America or blended with pineapple juice to give a foamy, delicious beverage.
  • Immature fruits can also be eaten as vegetable when boiled.

How to Consume Black Sapote

Black sapote can be consumed in numerous ways. Therefore, we can gain the health benefit of black sapote easily. The lists below are some ways to consume black sapote.

1. Direct Consumed

Fastest and easiest way to consume it by directly eats the ripe fruit. Since it tastes like a chocolate pudding, thus many peoples prefer to consume it without adding anything. Make sure not to consume the unripe fruit, since it is bitter and irritating.

2. Ice Cream

It is the good news that black sapote can be produced as an ice cream. Hence, it is a fun way to get the health benefits of black sapote.

3. Juice

Another alternative to consume black sapote is by blend it as a juice. For additional flavor, you can add some milk.

4. Dessert

The most common way to consume black sapote is by making it as a dessert. There are several dessert recipes which contain black sapote as its ingredients namely pudding, cakes, mousse or smoothie.

Other Facts

  • Unripe fruits are very astringent and are sometimes used as fish poison.
  • Wood is yellowish to deep-yellow with black markings near the heart of old trunks; compact and suitable for cabinetwork but little used.

Side Effects of Black Sapote

Black sapote, like any other fruit, also has side effects. Thus, people shall be aware on these side effects before consuming the fruit. Below are some side effects of black sapote:

1. Allergic

Some people who tend to get allergy of something shall be careful when consuming this fruit. Since it can bring allergic reactions such as rash, itchiness or even nausea. In case you feel those signs after consuming the fruit, it is better to stop consuming.

2. Interfere medicine

Consuming the fruit might affect the medicine. Thus, people under medical treatment shall avoid consuming this fruit. Since it can reduce the effectiveness of the medicine.

3. Increase sugar level

Fruit is having a sweet taste and a complex carbohydrate. Therefore, there is a possibility that it can increase the sugar level inside the blood. Therefore, diabetic patient better avoid consuming this fruit.

Black Sapote Recipes

Black Sapote Mousse

Black Sapote Mousse

Ingredients

  • Black sapote pulp – 1 cup
  • Vanilla flavoring extract – 1 teaspoon
  • Powdered sugar – 3 tablespoons
  • Whipped cream – 1/2 cup

Directions

  1. Blend black sapote pulp, sugar, and vanilla extract together.
  2. Fold in whipped cream and serve chill, do not freeze.

Black Sapote Cake

Black Sapote Cake

Ingredients

Directions

  1. Mix margarine and honey gradually. Add egg yolks and black sapote pulp.
  2. Combine the dry ingredients. In a separate bowl, beat the egg whites and add vanilla extract.
  3. Fold in the mixture to the margarine mix. Preheat, the oven to 350 degrees F. Pour the mix into the baking pan and bake for 45 minutes.

Black Sapote Bread        

Black Sapote Bread     

Ingredients

  • 1 ripe black sapote
  • ½ stick of butter, melted (equal to ½ cup)
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • pinch of salt
  • 1½ cups of all-purpose flour
  • ¾ cup sugar

Directions

  1. Cut the black sapote in half. Using a spoon, scoop out the soft fruit into a medium sized bowl and remove the seeds.
  2. Add the melted butter to the black sapote and mash together with a fork.
  3. Next, stir in the sugar, vanilla, and egg.
  4. In a separate bowl, mix together the flour, baking soda, and salt. Then pour it into the bowl with the black sapote and mix together with a fork until it’s well blended.
  5. Pour into a greased bread pan and bake at 350 degrees for one hour. (You can use one regular sized bread pan or two mini bread pans.)
  6. Let it cool, then enjoy!

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=505968#null

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/55610/

http://www.hear.org/pier/species/diospyros_digyna.htm

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14280

https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Diospyros+digyna

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DIDI15&mapType=nativity

https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/black_sapote.html

https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/19552

https://www.darwin.nt.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/attachments/black_sapote.pdf

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