Eicosenoic acid food sources

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Eicosenoic acid is a monounsaturated long chain fatty with 20-carbon backbone and sole double bond originating from 5th, 6th, 7th, 9th, 11th 12th or 15th positions from the methyl end. 11Z-Eicosenoic acid also called gondoic acid belongs to the member of class of compounds known as long chain fatty acids. Long chain fatty acids are fatty acids having aliphatic tail containing 13 and 21 carbon atoms. It is insoluble in water and a weakly acidic compound. It is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found in various nuts and plant oils.

This acid is formed by elongation of oleic acid and converted to docosenoic acid and nervonic acid. It is present in small amounts in plants and animals and in some marine fish, it is a major fatty acids. It is found in the membrane of red blood cells and concentration is higher in children with autism which makes it an essential biomarker. It is present in bone marrow aspirates and phospholipids.

Food Sources of Eicosenoic acid

Food name Weight (g) Eicosenoic acid (mg)
Fish, herring 140 5.107
Fish, eel 85 2.550
Macadamia nuts 132 2.541
Fish, sablefish 85 1.208
Fish, salmon 85 1.163
Pine nuts 135 1.081
Peanuts 146 0.915
Coleslaw 120 0.878
Oil, mustard 14 0.867
Kielbasa 370 0.825
Beechnuts 28.35 0.782
Pork, bacon 85 0.643
Winged beans 182 0.551
Lupins 180 0.459
Margarine 232 0.422
Black walnuts 125 0.340
Swordfish 85 0.322
Pecans 110 0.292
Peanut spread 31 0.286
Sausage 101 0.285

 

References:

http://www.hmdb.ca/metabolites/HMDB0002231

https://www.matreya.com/Products/Eicosenoic-acid-(icisi-11)__1032.aspx

 

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