Health benefits of Sessile Joyweed

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Sessile joyweed Quick Facts
Name: Sessile joyweed
Scientific Name: Alternanthera sessilis
Origin Throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World
Colors Green when young turning to dark brown as they mature
Shapes Indehiscent, a small, flattened, obcordate or obovate utricle, 2-2.5 mm long capsules
Taste Sweet, acrid
Health benefits Cures Infertility, Prevents Cancer, Great for Night Blindness, Regulates Nervous System, Reduces Body Heat, Cures Piles, Irritation during Urination, Cures Jaundice, Helps Weight Loss, Hair Growth, Improves Health Condition
Alternanthera sessilis also known as Sessile joyweed is an aquatic plant known by several common names, including ponnanganni in Tamil, ponnaganti aaku in Telugu, Honnagone in Kannada Mukunuwenna in Sinhala. It is used as a vegetable especially in Sri Lanka and some Asian countries. The plant is native throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World. It has been introduced to the southern United States, and its origins in Central and South America are uncertain. Rabbit meat, Sessile joyweed, dwarf copperleaf, joyweed, Tangle Mat, sessile alligator weed, sessile flower globe amaranth, carpet weed, water Amaranth and Brede Chevrette are few of the popular common names of the plant.

Plant Description

Sessile joyweed is a spreading or prostrate, erect, more or less branched, glabrous, succulent ascending or creeping herbaceous plant that grows about 0.4 to 1.4 meters high. The plant is found growing near ponds, canals, reservoirs, swamps, shallow ditches, and fallow rice fields, ditch banks, along roadsides, and in gardens, floodplain wetlands, margins of rivers, streams, canals, ditches, ponds, reservoirs, tanks, marshes, swamps, wet low-lying ground, ephemeral pools, seasonal pans and damp forest, pathways, wasteland, irrigation canals, ditches, dykes, wet soil, along ditches, seasonally waterlogged roadside depressions, fallow lands, irrigation canals and rice field levees. The plant is adapted to grow on a range of soil types ranging from poor sandy or alkaline soils, to loam or black cotton soils. It is also able to grow in seasonally-waterlogged areas as well as in areas with extreme dry conditions.

Root

Root is cylindrical, 0.1-0.6 cm diameter, cream to grey, numerous roots arising from the main tap root as lateral rootlets; fracture, short; no characteristic odor and taste.

Stem

Stem is cylindric, many-branched and villous in lines and transversely at the nodes. It is solid and thin in dry conditions, the stem is longer, hollow and floating in aquatic conditions, reaching 1 cm in diameter. It is glabrous except for two opposite narrow lines of whitish hairs on the erect parts, and tufts of white hairs at the nodes.

Leaves

Leaves are simple, opposite and decussate; paired blades are generally the same size. Petiole is indistinct, short (1.5 mm) or absent. Laminas are narrow and elongated, very variable in shape and size. Oblanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, apex acute to obtuse, shortly acuminate, base cuneate to attenuate, 1 to 12 cm long and 0.25 to 3 cm wide; glabrous or nearly so, with sparse hairs mostly found on the lower side, on the midrib.

Inflorescence

Inflorescences are sessile spikes, in the axils of leaves, isolated or grouped (up to 5), sub-globose, to 1 cm across with segments to 2.5 mm long.

Flower

Each flower is subtended by a white scarious bract, 0.75-1 mm long with a pointed end, and 2 bracteoles similar to the bract. The perianth consists of tepals, all equal, ovate-elliptic, pointed at the apex, 1.5 to 2.5 mm long, white, glabrous, distinctly mucronate, with a slightly denticulate margin. Five stamens (including 2 without anther) alternate with pseudo-staminodes similar to filaments, but usually a bit smaller. At maturity, they equal the ovary and style. The ovary is compressed, sub-orbicular, with a short style.

Fruit

Fertile flowers are followed by indehiscent, a small, flattened, obcordate or obovate utricle, 2-2.5 mm long capsules, enclosing the seed with paler edge. It falls with the tepals. The fruit has no characteristic odor and taste. They are initially green turning to dark brown as they mature. Seeds are lens-shaped, about 0.8-1 mm in diameter, testa bright brown, slightly reticulate.

Health benefits of Sessile Joyweed

Not only the leaves its roots, stem, flower and extract all consists of different medicinal properties. Young leaves consist of anti-fungal and anti-bacterial property. Leaves soothe the wounds and help to subside the acidity level in the body. Listed below is a list of amazing health benefits of Sessile joyweed its roots, stem, flower and extracts if you include in your daily diet.

1. Cures Infertility

If the sessilis leaves are included in the everyday diet it cures the gonorrhea condition. Men’s infertility can be cured. It gives energy to the diabetic people and helps to maintain the sugar level in the blood.

2. Prevents Cancer

It mixes with the blood and removes the toxin and prevents us from cancer. It has the potential to kill germs and heals the wounds.

3. Great for Night Blindness

Alternanthera Sessilis has the greatest ability to improve the vision. Persons suffering from night blindness (Nyctalopia) can eat the raw flower of sessilis continuously will feel the difference in their eye sight. It cools down the body, strengthens the eye nerves, strengthens the muscles and improves the vision power and it acts as the best medicine for eye disease.

4. Regulates Nervous System

Sessilis will improve the sleep condition too. It can regulate the central nervous system. It cures many nerve related disease, improves the memory power, it cools and relaxes the eye and brain.

5. Reduces Body Heat

Equal amount of sessilis extract with gingelly oil and 20 g of licorice, water lily and cumin seeds all these are grinded with cow’s milk and are boiled at low flame and filter it. Apply this filtrate on your hair 4 days once and wash it this therapy will acts as a medicine to reduce the body heat and improves to grow hair,  reduce the internal fever, body pain, leg pain, head ache, eye irritation and stomach pain.

6. Cures Piles

People suffering from piles can make a soup with sessilis, garlic and pepper to make a full stop for the disease condition. 25 gm. of sessilis extract mixed with equal amount of carrot extract along with little salt also help to cure piles.

7. Irritation during Urination

Extract butter milk with 2 liter of buffalo’s milk and mix the roots of sessilis and drink that buttermilk which cures the irritated urination.

8. Cures Jaundice

People suffering from jaundice can grind the sessilis leaves and extract 20 ml boil this with brown sugar and mix it with cow milk and drink for a certain period will helps to cure them. The Naturopathic doctors include sessilis in their medicinal formula for curing hepatitis, chest cold, and asthma and for liver disease.

9. Helps Weight Loss

Sessilis with pepper eaten with rice will reduce the body weight. For body weight gains eat sessilis with cooked dhal and ghee.

10. Hair Growth

Equal amount of sessilis extract and bhringraj (Eclipta prostrata) extract boiled in gingelly oil and allow it cool down and store it in a container for eye irritation and for hair growths apply this on the hair.

11. Improves Health Condition

Alternanthera Sessilis will help to reduce the following diseases conditions like body heat, eye irritation, knee pain, white discharge, helps recovering from loss of appetite, liver diseases. The extract and oil from sessilis help to reduce the body heat during summer season and helps to prevent headache. Since the sessilis leaves can boost the milk production in breast feeding women, it is used in Thailand.

Traditional uses and benefits of Sessile Joyweed

  • It is used as a topical treatment for the common skin problem cane vulgaris.
  • In folklore, A. sessilis was used for treating sick individuals.
  • It is “used for the treatment of biliousness, dyspepsia associated with sluggish liver, chronic congestion of liver, acute and chronic pyelitis, cystitis, gonorrhea, and strangery and snake bite in Sri Lanka.
  • It is used for treatment of gastrointestinal problems in India and Sri Lanka.
  • It is used as a treatment for headaches and vertigo in Nigeria.
  • It is also used to treat hepatitis, bronchitis, and asthma in Taiwan.
  • Root is used for hazy vision and night blindness, postnatal complaints, prolapsus and fistula ani, diarrhea, fever with intense thirst, dog, jackal and lizard bite also, and an unspecified plant part is used for dysentery.
  • Broth of the plant is cooked with meat and taken for tuberculosis in China.
  • Decoction with wine is used for internal injuries.
  • It has been used for the treatment of dysuria and hemorrhoids.
  • It is used for simple stomach disorders, diarrhea, and dysentery and as a plaster for diseased or wounded skin parts and against fever.
  • Decoction with some salt is taken to stop vomiting blood in Ghana.
  • Pounded plant is used against headache and vertigo, and leaf sap is sniffed up the nose to treat neuralgia in Nigeria.
  • Paste is used to draw out spines or any other object from the body and it is also used to cure hernia.
  • Leafy twigs, ground to a powder, are applied against snakebites in Senegal and India.
  • It is used to treat hepatitis, tight chest, bronchitis, asthma and other lung troubles, to stop bleeding and as a hair tonic in Taiwan.
  • Juice of the plant is used to treat white discharge in the urine.
  • Plant is used in mixtures with other medicinal plants, to treat hepatitis, tight chest, bronchitis, asthma, and lung troubles, to stop bleeding and as a hair tonic.
  • It is also applied externally in the treatment of scabies, cuts and wounds, boils; and as a cooling agent to treat fever.
  • Mixed with corn flour and baked, it is eaten to treat menstrual disorders.
  • Juice of the root is used in the treatment of dysuria, fevers and bloody dysentery.
  • Decoction of the leaves is drunk for treating itchy and overheated skin.
  • It is used to relieve headaches and dizziness and the leaf sap is sniffed up the nose to treat neuralgia in Nigeria.
  • Sessile joyweed is used to treat snakebites and to stop the vomiting of blood in various regions of Africa.
  • Decoction with some salt is taken to stop vomiting blood in Ghana.
  • Paste of the herb is used to draw out spines from the body.
  • Plant is used for the treatment of biliousness, dyspepsia and sluggish liver in Sri Lanka.
  • Alternanthera sessilis is used in local medicine in Taiwan, along with other medicinal plants, to treat hepatitis, tight chest, bronchitis, asthma and other lung troubles.
  • It is used as a cholagogue (a medicinal agent which promotes the discharge of bile from the system), and febrifuge (reduces fever) in India.
  • People in Thailand and Sri Lanka use the plant as a galactagogue.
  • Leaves are boiled and ingested to treat hypertension.
  • Topical application of leaf paste is used for drawing foreign object such as spines, stings from the body.
  • Leaves powder is also applied externally on snakebites.
  • Fresh leaves are applied over eyes for styes, conjunctivitis and chronic inflammation of the eyelid.
  • Topical application of leaf paste is used for drawing foreign object such as spines, stings from the body.
  • Soup prepared from fresh plant is helpful in increasing breast milk and toning up of the liver.
  • Fresh leaves juice (1 tablespoon) mixed with garlic clove are folk remedy for asthma, chronic cough, and intermittent fever.
  • The herb is used to fight depression in Taiwan.
  • It is used to relieve tiredness, laziness, and sleepiness in Bangladesh and other parts of Asia.
  • This herb is consumed to improve male sexual potency in Pakistan.
  • It is used to treat low sperm count in Bangladesh.
  • It is also used for treatment of anemia, diabetes, hypertension, piles, and blood disorders and against worm infection.
  • Roots used by the Bantar of Morang for stomachache in Nepal.
  • Decoction is recommended as an herbal remedy to treat wounds, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, cough, bronchitis, diarrhea, and curative, protective or promote purposes.
  • It is used as a local medicine often in mixtures with other medicinal plants, to treat hepatitis, tight chest, bronchitis, asthma and other lung troubles.
  • Leaves and shoots boiled and drunk as an anti-hypertensive remedy.
  • The plant is used to treat gonorrhea, low sperm count and leucorrhea in Noakhali district of Bangladesh.
  • The plants are used by folk medicinal practitioners for treatment of severe pain in several areas of Faridapur and Rajbari districts of Bangladesh.

Home remedies using Sessile joyweed

  • Grind the leaves to a very fine paste and take 2 tsp. every day for 45 days. Steamed leaves taken with a little butter every day for 45 days also helps to cure various eye problems.
  • Regular consumption of sessile joyweed flower is also said to improve eyesight. Night blindness can be cured by regular consumption of raw sessile joyweed flowers.
  • Soak a handful of fresh sessile joyweed flowers, in half a liter of coconut oil. Having a tsp. of this every morning leads to increased energy
  • Mix two ounces of the juice of this plant with 4 ounces of goat or cow’s milk. This mixture helps in building strength and vitality.
  • Boil together about a liter of fresh Sessile joyweed juice with 250 ml of sesame seed oil. Once the juice is absorbed into the oil, reduce the mixture to about 250 ml, Cool and strain. Massaging this oil to the head gives good eyesight and memory.
  • Soup prepared using the Sessile joyweed leaves, garlic and pepper is very effective in curing piles. Another home remedy for piles drinking a mixture of 25 gm of Sessile joyweed juice mixed with equal amount of carrot juice, and a pinch of rock salt.

Culinary Uses

  • In Southeast Asia young shoots and leaves are ingested as vegetables.
  • It is used in many different foods in Africa, such as soups, relish, and sauces.
  • In certain regions of South East Asia, the leaves and young shoots are consumed as vegetables.
  • In Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, the leaves, flowers and tender stems are consumed as vegetables.
  • It is used in salads, soups and cooked as a potherb.
  • Leaves and tender tops are consumed raw or cooked.
  • It is used in sauces and soups, stir fried, added to omelets, or made as a relish.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=20773#null

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/31894/

http://www.hear.org/pier/species/alternanthera_sessilis.htm

https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/4404

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALSE4

http://issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=767&fr=1&sts=&lang=EN

http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=767

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2713

https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=227

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2631425

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternanthera_sessilis

https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/32910

https://www.prota4u.org/database/protav8.asp?g=pe&p=Alternanthera+sessilis+(L.)+DC.

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Alternanthera+sessilis

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/ALRSE

http://www.stuartxchange.org/BungaBunga.html

http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Sessile%20Joyweed.html

https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Alternanthera_sessilis_(PROTA)

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