|Octopus Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Octopus dofleini|
|Origin||It is usually found in the Pacific Ocean. It was recorded in Alaskan Aleutian Islands and Baja California.|
|Colors||Reddish brown or dark red|
|Shapes||Compressible; Radius: 9.6 m|
|Major nutrients||Vitamin B-12 (1275.00%)
|Health benefits||Treats cancer, Formation of hemoglobin, Supports growth, Hair benefits, Kidney ailments|
It is usually found in the Pacific Ocean. It was recorded in Alaskan Aleutian Islands and Baja California. It is extended in Northeast of Japan. The name octopus was kept by Ancient Greeks which means eight foot. It was illustrated on Minoan and Cretan coins and painted on jars in Mycenaenera. Around 300 million years ago, the ancestors of octopus were on Carboniferous seas. The oldest fossil of octopus was found in Chicago of Field Museum. It is distributed to coastal North Pacific in Washington, Oregon, California, Alaska, British Columbia, Northern Japan, Russia and Korea.
About 85 grams of cooked octopus offers 51.42 g of moisture, 139 calories, 25.35 g of protein, 1.77 g of total lipid fat, 2.72 g of ash and 3.74 g of carbohydrate. It also offers 1275% of DV of Vitamin B12, 138.55% of Selenium, 101.38% of Iron, 69.78% of Copper, 65.97% of Isoleucine, 64.55% of tryptophan, 61.99% of threonine, 56.64% of lysine, 52.46% of valine, 50.70% of protein, 48.27% of leucine, 42.38% of Vitamin B6, 39.53% of histidine, 33.86% of phosphorus, 26.07% of sodium, 26% of zinc, 20.08% of niacin, 15.30% of vitamin B5, 12.51% of Choline, 12.14% of magnesium, 11.40% of potassium and 10.86% of Vitamin A.
Health Benefits of Octopus
Octopus does not have hard shell and belongs to mollusk family which also includes oysters, mussels, clams, nautilus and squid. It is vital in Mediterranean dishes and regarded as delicacies. It has high content of Omega-3 fatty acids that helps to lower the chances of stroke and heart attack. It promotes the cardiovascular health and stimulates cognitive health. It has low content of saturated fat which assists in losing weight.
- Treats cancer
The deficiency of Vitamin B12 is the cause for breast cancer. It could be prevented by the intake of food rich in vitamin B12. (1)
- Formation of hemoglobin
Iron is vital for the hemoglobin formation. It helps to provide the shade of red to the blood. It assists to transport oxygen to the cells of the body. As human beings lose blood in injuries, the extra hemoglobin is essential. During menstruation, women lose blood so they have high chances to suffer from anemia. (2) (3)
- Supports growth
Copper is vital for the growth of the body. It helps to prevent nervous, skeletal and cardiovascular systems. The deficiency of copper obstructs in the oxygenation of red blood cells. (4)
- Hair benefits
Protein is essential to maintain the healthy hair and also to prevent from damages. The study shows that protein has vital role in the growth of hair. Due to these benefits, it is used for the production of conditioners. (5) (6)
- Kidney ailments
Vitamin B6 controls the fat level found in the human heart. That helps to prevent various cardiac problems. It also prevents the formation of kidney stones and maintains the good shape of kidneys. (7)
- Brain health
Phosphorus is vital for the cells of brain as well as its functions. The adequate amount of phosphorus enhances the brain functions and cognitive development. The deficiency of phosphorus increases the chances of cognitive malfunction as well as dementia. (8)
- Source of energy
Niacin assists in the functions of converting the carbohydrate, proteins and fats into energy. (9)
- Reduce stress
Vitamin B5 helps to treat mental ailments such as depression, anxiety and stress. It stimulates the mind fitness and regulates hormones that cause these conditions. (10)
- Lowers migraine
The supplements of magnesium help to lower the attacks and severity of migraine along with the reduction of recurrence. (11)
- Balance pressure
It is essential to maintain balance in blood pressure. It lowers the chances of hypertension and heart ailments. It has vasodilator properties which provide relief from the tension of blood vessels. (12)
- One should be careful while eating seafood.
- Doctor’s consultancy is needed for the people with health problems.
How to Eat
- It is dressed with lemon, olive oil, capers, minced garlic and herbs.
- It is grilled as well as poached.
- The World record made by Octopus dofleini weighs 136 kg (300 lb) having arm span of 9.8 m (32 ft).
- Beak is the hardest part of octopus.
- The color of octopus blood is green or blue.
- It is considered as intelligent invertebrates.
- They are also called chameleons of the sea as they are able to change the skin’s color and texture.
- Beak is made up of keratin which also forms fingernails.
- About 90%, they are made of muscle.
- Giant Pacific Octopus is the largest octopus of the world.
- They have three hearts.
- They have the ability to regrow its arms.
- One sucker of Giant Pacific Octopus can lift 35 pounds (16 kilograms) of weight.
- In Korea, Octopus is eaten alive.
- It has got great eyesight as well as sense of touch.
They are soft bodied with no bones. The mantle of bag shaped consists of internal organs and has the color of reddish brown. The head is huge and bulbous and colors from reddish to brown. They have got eight arms with each having 280 suckers having thousands of chemical receptors. It also has special pigment cells in the skin that assist them to change their color as well as textures. It fusions well with plants, corals and rocks. They usually hunt at night. When it is threatened, it releases purple to black ink to escape from predators. Female lays about thousands of eggs which breed for almost six months.
|Scientific Name||Octopus dofleini|
|Native||It is usually found in the Pacific Ocean.|
|Common/English Name||North Pacific giant octopus, Giant Pacific octopus, Giant octopus, Poulpe géant, Pulpo gigante|
|Name in Other Languages||Finnish: Jättiläistursas;
French: Poulpe géant;
German: Krake, Pulpo;
Italian: Polpo del Pacifico;
Japanese: Mizo dako, Mizudako;
Spanish: Pulpo gigante, Pulpo gigante de Pacífico
|Habitat||Cool-blooded or poikilothermic|
|Found||Rocky areas, kelp forests, caves|
|Prey||Shrimp, scallops, crabs, clams, moon snails, abalones, small octopus, flatfish, rockfish, sculpins|
|Predators||Seals, dogfish sharks, sea otters, man, lingcod, sea lions, seals, sea otters, larger octopuses, fish|
|Shape & size||Compressible; Radius: 9.6 m|
|Color||Reddish brown or dark red|
|Arms size||6 feet|
|Major Nutritions||Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamine) 30.6 µg (1275.00%)
Selenium, Se 76.2 µg (138.55%)
Iron, Fe 8.11 mg (101.38%)
Copper, Cu 0.628 mg (69.78%)
Isoleucine 1.103 g (65.97%)
Tryptophan 0.284 g (64.55%)
Threonine 1.091 g (61.99%)
Lysine 1.894 g (56.64%)
Valine 1.108 g (52.46%)
Protein 25.35 g (50.70%)
|Calories in 3 oz (85 gm)||139 Kcal.|
|How to Eat||