|Rosemary Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Rosmarinus officinalis|
|Origin||South of France and other Mediterranean regions|
|Colors||Upper side of leaves is darker green and lower side is grayish in color|
|Shapes||Narrow, needle-like aromatic leaves usually 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long and 2–5 mm broad|
|Taste||Warmer, bitter, and more astringent taste|
|Major nutrients||Iron (1.38%)
Total dietary Fiber (0.53%)
|Health benefits||Skin Health, Anti-Inflammatory Qualities, Breathe Freshener, Stimulate Blood Flow, Migraine Aid, Pain Relief, Memory Booster, Stomach Soother, Mood and Stress,Antibacterial Potential, Immune System Strength, Detoxify the Body|
|More facts about Rosemary|
Rosemary is actually an evergreen perennial bush, 1.5-3 meters in height. It is normally found growing in open, sunny position with good drainage and prefers a light, well-drained, average garden soil. It has deep, woody taproot that produces stout, branching, scaly, light brown stalks covered with simple, sessile narrow leaves. Leaves are simple, sessile narrow leaves about 1 in long and opposite, growing in whorls along the square stalks. Rosemary leaves are dark green on top and pale green on the underside with a distinctive mid vein. They curl inward along the margins. Tiny two-lipped, light blue or violet flowers grow in a cluster of five to seven blossoms each on a pair of short, opposite spikes. Each pair of flower spikes alternates along the sides of the stalk. This graceful aromatic herb blooms in late spring and early summer bearing two tiny seeds in each flower. Bees are attracted to rosemary flowers. Flowering take place from April to June and often again from September.
Rosemary plant has a narrow, needle-like aromatic leaves which is usually 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long and 2–5 mm broad. Upper side of leaves is darker green in color whereas lower side is grayish in color with dense, short, woolly hair. Rosemary has a warmer, bitter, and more astringent taste and bold flavor that gives wonderful flavor to soups, sauces, stews, roasts, and stuffing. It is mainly prevalent in Italian cultural cuisine. Due to its wonderful taste and nutritional value it is found used in several food dishes around the world.
The rosemary herb has been around in use like a food seasoning and also as an all-natural medication for more than a million years now. It was originally grown within the Mediterranean regions only, but over time, the cultivation of rosemary has spread in the temperate climate areas of Europe and America. At first, rosemary was utilized just for the goal of building up memory, however nowadays, the other medicinal properties of the herb have also been acknowledged. The ancient Greeks utilized to decorate the heads of students along with rosemary sprigs before exams since the herb possessed memory boosting powers. Likewise, branches of rosemary were thrown in the graves of the dead which represents memories.
The English utilized rosemary within their numerous customs and celebrations as well as in their costumes as gifts or even as decorative pieces. It absolutely was within the 14th century that the oil was initially extracted from rosemary and utilized in the preparation of Queen of Hungary water that emerged as one of the most well-known cosmetics utilized during that time. Gradually, the significance of the herb and its oil were recognized and rosemary became an essential portion of digestive medicines throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. Today it is grown throughout the world due to its significant nutritive value and unique and delightful taste.
Apart from their warmer, bitter, and more astringent taste, Rosemary is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Consuming 1.7 gram of rosemary offers 0.11 mg of Iron, 0.016 mg of Manganese, 0.005 mg of copper, 0.2 g of Total dietary Fiber, 5 mg of Calcium and 2 µg of Vitamin B9. Moreover many Amino acids 0.001 g of Tryptophan, 0.002 g of Threonine, 0.002 g of Isoleucine, 0.004 g of Leucine and 0.002 g of Lysine are also found in 1.7 gram of rosemary.
Health benefits of Rosemary
Rosemary or Rosmarinus officinalis is actually a woody herb, part of the mint family Lamiaceae. The leaves are used as a flavoring in foods such as stuffing and roast lamb, pork, chicken and turkey, particularly during holiday cooking like Thanksgiving and Christmas. Along with its fantastic decoration and distinct taste, rosemary also has medicinal uses. Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of rosemary
1. Detoxify the Body
Rosemary is somewhat diuretic in nature, which means it can help flush out toxins more efficiently during urination. Additionally, by increasing the rate at which water leaves the body, it can also help push out pathogens, salts, toxins, and even additional fat when consumed regularly. In terms of the particular organ it benefits, rosemary has been associated to lower levels of cirrhosis and a faster healing time of the liver, which is one of the slowest organs to heal.(1)
2. Immune System Strength
The active components in rosemary are antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic in nature. This signifies a three-pronged attack against many different diseases as well as pathogens that might threaten the immune system or damage the integrity of the body. Antioxidant compounds form a secondary line of defense behind the body’s own immune system, and rosemary contains a significant amount of those powerful compounds, like rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid, betulic acid, and carnosol.(2)
3. Antibacterial Potential
Rosemary consists of impressive amount of immune boosting components, which is specifically powerful against bacterial infections, particularly those in the stomach. H. pylori bacteria are common and very dangerous pathogens that cause stomach ulcers, but rosemary has been shown to prevent its growth when consumed. Similarly, rosemary is related to preventing Staph infections, which kill thousands of people each year.(3)
4. Mood and Stress
The aroma of rosemary has been connected to improving mood, clearing the mind, and relieving stress in those with chronic anxiety or stress hormone imbalances. When the plant is consumed or applied topically in some sort of salve of the leaves, it can have similar effects. Aromatherapy also uses rosemary essential oil for this purpose, but that concentration of active components isn’t necessary to have positive effects on stress and mood.(4)
5. Stomach Soother
Rosemary has traditionally been used in dozens of ailments as a natural remedy for upset stomachs, constipation, bloating, diarrhea, and everything in between. Its anti-inflammatory and stimulant effects are mostly the cause of these effects, so including rosemary to your weekly diet can rapidly help you control your bowel movements and your gastrointestinal system.(5)
6. Memory Booster
Regular consumption of rosemary is extremely beneficial for improving memory. It was said to improve memory and help to increase intelligence and focus. Though many of those claims are still being researched and studied, its effects on the brain do indicate an increase in memory retention, which is never a bad thing; keeping your mind quick will help to keep it young. Apart from that, rosemary has been related to stimulating cognitive activity in the elderly, as well as those suffering from more acute cognitive disorders, like Alzheimer’s or dementia. This is an exciting alternative or supplement to more modern treatment for these as yet uncured conditions.(6)
7. Pain Relief
Due to its analgesic substance, rosemary has been topically applied in a paste or salve for hundreds of years to the affected area of the pain. When consumed orally, rosemary acts as a pain reliever for harder to reach spots, like headaches and pain from a condition. In fact, one of the most popular uses of rosemary is for the treatment of migraines. Using a decoction to the temples or just smelling the aroma of rosemary has been related to reducing the severity of migraine symptoms.(7)
8. Migraine Aid
Rosemary is one of the popular natural migraine treatments and has been used for centuries. One way to make use of this for migraines is to boil water with rosemary and to breathe in the steam. Typically, you’ll want to boil the water first, then place it into a large bowl and breathe it in with a towel over your head and the bowl.
9. Stimulate Blood Flow
Rosemary acts as a stimulant for the body and increases the production of red blood cells and blood flow. This helps to oxygenate vital organ systems and areas of the body, confirming that the metabolic activities in those areas are running effortlessly, in addition to stimulating the movement of nutrients to cells that require repair.(8)
10. Breathe Freshener
As a natural antibacterial agent, rosemary works as a wonderful breath freshener that improves oral health. Steep rosemary leaves in a glass of hot water and then gargle or swish the water in your mouth to remove bacteria and give you naturally fresh and clean breath all night!(9)
11. Anti-Inflammatory Qualities
Rosemary acts as an anti-inflammatory agent in the body. Carnosol and Carnosic acid are actually two powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds found in rosemary that have been related to reducing inflammation of muscles, blood vessels, and joints. This makes rosemary an effective treatment for many things, like blood pressure, gout, arthritis, and injuries sustained during physical exertion or surgery. Rosemary is effective in oral or topical form for these anti-inflammatory effects. Furthermore, the reduction in inflammation in the cardiovascular system can help to boost heart health and prevent atherosclerosis from appearing.
12. Skin Health
The anti-aging properties of rosemary are quite well known. Though more commonly thought of in the essential oil form, the leaves of rosemary can also affect the skin internally or topically, and has been shown to improve the youthful quality of the skin, while also healing blemishes and increasing the natural shine and hydrated appearance of your body’s largest organ.(10)
Types of Rosemary
Rosemary is most commonly known as a cooking herb, however it may also be used just as one decorative shrub. There’s two main kinds of rosemary plants, the upright varieties and also the creeping types. Both offer evergreen leaves, aromatic foliage and edible flowers. The name rosemary originates from the Latin word rosmarinus which suggests “dew of the sea.” This particular name probably refers back to the fact that rosemary originated from the Mediterranean area near to the sea.
1. Salem Rosemary
Salem Rosemary is among the upright types of rosemary. It provides fragile blue flowers, is usually a fast growing variety and is effective as both a hedge as well as an attractive plant. It may grow in between 1 and 3 feet tall and possesses a 1 to 3 foot spread. It is crucial that this variety of rosemary be planted in full sun and also be offer a reasonable amount of moisture. Also ensure that your Salem Rosemary is grown in soil which has good drainage.
2. Blue Boy Rosemary
Another variety of rosemary is definitely the Blue Boy Rosemary. This really is one of the smaller types of rosemary and definitely will only grow to be a couple of inches tall. This will make it ideal for ground cover or for containers. Like the majority of types of rosemary it features a blue flower that is delicious and incredibly aromatic evergreen leaves. It is just a perennial shrub and it has a healthy lifespan of multiple decades if taken care of appropriately. The Blue Boy Rosemary plant will certainly flourish in hardiness zones 8 through 10 if planted in full sun as well as in soil with pH levels between 6.5 and 8.5 which has good drainage. This particular variety favors near drought conditions, so that you don’t wish to give it too much water.
3. Spice Island Rosemary
If you’re thinking about topiaries then consider the Spice Island Rosemary. This particular plant grows to be in between 24 and 30 inches tall and is also simple to train in a particular shape for the topiary garden. It provides the signature blue flower, the fragment evergreen leaves and it’s also is an edible plant and ideal for cooking. However, this variety of rosemary does have an extremely stinky flavor therefore it must be utilized in small amounts.
4. Prostrate Rosemary
Prostrate Rosemary is really a variety of rosemary that work well for hanging basket gardens. This really is one of the creeping varieties therefore it also works well for ground cover too. It generally grows to be about 3 feet tall and may have got a spread of between 4 and 8 feet. This can be a warm climate variety also it favors hardiness zones of between 8 and 10. However, in case you are in the edge between hardiness zones 7 and 8 you may still grow this plant in case you position it alongside a south facing wall. This helps offer your Prostrate Rosemary after some extra warmth.
5. Common Rosemary
Common Rosemary is yet another upright variety. It may grow in between 2 and 4 feet tall. Like other types of rosemary, the Common Rosemary plant prefers dry soil which has good drainage and that has got full sun exposure. The flower of this variety of rosemary is light blue and works well like a cooking herb.
6. Tuscan Blue Rosemary
Tuscan Blue rosemary plants grow up to 6 feet tall, making them an excellent filler plant for the garden. The simplest way to differentiate a Tuscan Blue rosemary plant is always to look for the big and beautiful blue flowers that provide the plant its name. The leaves are larger than other types of rosemary plants too.
7. Majorca Pink Rosemary
Titled because of its special lavender-pink flowers, the Majorca Pink rosemary plant grows out rather than up. As the plant grows out, the center opens up, leaving it lower in the middle compared to outside. When it’s not flowering, you differentiate this plant by its washed out green leaves as well as wide growth pattern.
8. Pine Scented Rosemary (Rosmarinus angustifolius)
Pine scented rosemary grows to two ft. tall and is really a tasty cookery herb. Drought tolerant and sun loving, it’s also an excellent landscaping option for dry, hot areas. It creates small blue flowers and is also hardy from Zones 8 to 11.
9. Trailing Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Prostratus’)
Of the creeping rosemary varieties, none makes a more impressive display compared to trailing rosemary, which could cascade from the pot or over a wall or fence. Corsican Prostrate, Huntington Carpet, Irene, and Santa Barbara are fantastic samples of cascading rosemary cultivars, and grow to the length of three feet or even more. They’re also drought tolerant as well as hardy from Zones 8 to 11.
10. White Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis albiflorus)
White Rosemary actually reaches four feet and provides amazing white flowers from winter to late spring. A standout within the landscape for its upright bushy habit, the strong fragrance of White Rosemary causes it to be a popular of bees and a good culinary choice too. White Rosemary requires full sun and is also hardy from zones 8 to 11.
11. Frost Hardy Rosemary
The Arp and Madalene Hill Rosemary cultivars are winter hardy to Zone 6 and possibly Zone 5 in sheltered areas. These rosemary varieties grow to five feet and produce light blue flowers. Give them the same care that you would upright rosemary, full sun and well-drained soil.
Golden Rosemary If you like gold to the deep green leaf color of most rosemary varieties, there are a variety of cultivars that produce bright yellow to deep gold foliage that either stays true, or deepens as the days get longer in summer. Golden Rain and Golden Rosemary are both gold varieties that grow to about a foot in height, need full sun, and therefore are hardy from zones 8 to 11.
Other traditional uses and benefits of Rosemary
- Rosemary is used to prevent balding and as a hair conditioner.
- Rosemary is also the herb of memory, the leaves were thought to quicken the mind and prevent forgetfulness.
- Roman herbalists suggested a rosemary infusion to cure jaundice.
- Rosemary has antioxidant properties and is used as a preservative by modern food processors.
- It has been stated in medical texts as being a digestive aid in the form of a tea infusion.
- Externally it is made into an ointment to treat rheumatism, sores, eczema and bruises.
- Rosemary has been used as an herbal medicine to relief gas, toothache, headache and even baldness.
- Rosemary can be infused into oil and used externally for skin irritations like eczema and joint problems like arthritis.
- During the 16th century, people burned rosemary to disinfect rooms (to eliminate germs).
- Rosemary is a symbol of loyalty and love. In certain parts of the world, bride, groom and their guests wear branches of rosemary during wedding ceremony.
- Rosemary is occasionally used in the funeral rituals. Putting rosemary into the hands of deceased and scattering of rosemary on the grave symbolize remembrance.
- Rosemary can be used as an edging plant.
How to Buy Rosemary
- Purchase fresh rosemary instead of the dry type of the herb. Fresh rosemary is excellent in flavor as compared to dried rosemary.
- Buy rosemary sprigs that are deep sage green colored. The leaves needs to be free of yellow or brown color spots.
- Visit the local store and buy the rosemary herbs accessible there. Local stores not just provide more variety but additionally provide fresher rosemary plants instead of supermarkets stores.
- Buy just organically produced rosemary. This can be sure that the herb hasn’t been irradiated and is particularly relatively low on pesticide residue as opposed to the inorganically grown rosemary. Irradiated rosemary has got less carotenoid, an essential nutrient of the herb.
Rosemary Storage Tips
- Store fresh rosemary within the refrigerator within the packet in which you have bought it from the market. You may also store the same in the moist paper towel.
- Place fresh rosemary shrubs in ice cube trays just before placing them inside the freezer. Cover the ice cube trays with water or stock before placing them within the freezer.
- Dried rosemary ought to be placed in an airtight container as well as stored in a dark, cool and dry place. In this way, rosemary could be stored for approximately 6 months.
Cooking With Rosemary
Rosemary is surely an evergreen perennial plant which may be harvested throughout the year. It creates small pretty blue flowers in the winter and early spring. A great time to trim rosemary into shape is after it has flowered.
- Rosemary may be used fresh or dried. It’s an evergreen plant so utilizing it fresh is simpler as well as more suitable. You may either strip off the leaves from the woodier stems or use whole sprigs to flavor the food then remove them.
- The leaves and flowers of rosemary may be used in several dishes; take a look at several tips to stimulate your appetite. However, keep in mind that rosemary has got quite a powerful flavor so that you don’t have to add very much even just in dishes which are slow cooked.
- The flowers may be used in desserts e.g. spread over ice cream or mousses.
- Rosemary combines particularly well along with oranges but additionally other fruits. An orange fool flavored with rosemary is lovely.
- You might also make Rosemary Syrup.
- One of the most traditional uses of rosemary is really as an complement to lamb dishes. In case you combine rosemary leaves, garlic, lemon juice as well as seasoning and marinate your lamb before cooking it’ll taste scrumptious. And also this works best for chicken and pork dishes.
- Use sprigs for roasting, grilling or even on the barbeque.
- Another combination for lamb is always to mix rosemary leaves along with orange to make a glaze however, many people might find this a bit too sweet.
- The fresh shoots may be used to flavor olive oil or even milk/cream or syrup to be used in puddings. Additionally scrumptious included in lemonade along with other summer drinks.
- Onions roasted along with rosemary and made in to a sauce can be tasty.
- You may make rosemary flavored oil or even vinegars.
- Adding rosemary to roast potatoes is yet another well-liked use and is also one of the best methods for utilizing it.
- Make skewers from stripped, longer, stronger sprigs (soak in water just before cooking) or utilize as they are like a basting brush.
- Rosemary sprigs cooked along with fried vegetables make a wonderful combination (be sure to eliminate the sprigs before eating!)
- Makes a wonderful oil and vinegar. Ideal for marinades.
- Add finely chopped leaves to soups, sauces, salads, pasta and bread like foccacia.
- Rosemary combines well along with any of the following herbs: bay, chives, garlic, lovage, mint, oregano, parsley, sage, savory and thyme.
- A crucial part of ‘herbes de provence’.
- It goes well together with the following foods: apricots, breads, cabbage family, eggs, fish, lamb, onions, oranges, parsnips, pasta, pork, potatoes, poultry, squash and tomatoes.
Ideas for utilizing rosemary in the kitchen
Rosemary is usually used as a seasoning for lamb and pork dishes but there’s also lots of other fantastic options on how to cook with rosemary. Here are quite a few ideas.
- Use to make homemade stuffing.
- Add to soups to flavor.
- Mix with garlic and use like a seasoning for lamb or chicken.
- Add to melted butter and pour over boiled potatoes and vegetables.
- Add chopped rosemary to the omelet, scrambled eggs or perhaps a frittata.
- Wrap rosemary leaves around bits of chicken, pork or lamb and roast.
- Use to season roast fish.
- Add to tomato-based sauces and soups.
- Add to olive oil and offered on toasted bread.
- Use to flavor homemade breads and biscuits.
- Add to lentils, beans or stews.
Despite a lot of health advantages of rosemary, there are specific safeguards you have to take. A number of them are-
- This particular herb hasn’t been analyzed in kids, so do not give rosemary as medicine to the people below 18 years old. It really is safe to consume like a spice though.
- Do not consume more than 4g to 6g of the dried herb each day.
- Rosemary oil shouldn’t be taken orally; it may be toxic.
- Pregnant women shouldn’t take rosemary as supplement simply because higher dosages of rosemary might cause miscarriage.
- The herb might not be safe even for ladies who are nursing.
- Don’t take rosemary in all forms in case you have high blood pressure, ulcers, Crohn’s disease, or even ulcerative colitis.
- In higher doses, rosemary leaves could cause side effects like vomiting, spasms, and in many cases, accumulation of fluid in the lungs, and even coma.
- Rosemary may possibly hinder blood thinners such as warfarin or aspirin and affect the blood’s ability to clot.
- The herb may hinder the action of ACE inhibitors you take for high blood pressure.
- Rosemary can modify the blood sugar levels, therefore it shouldn’t be taken in case you are on any diabetes medication.
- Rosemary is really a diuretic and may even boost the chance of dehydration.