Sage Herb is an evergreen perennial plant which is also known as common sage or garden sage. It belongs to the Lamiaceae (mint) family. It is an inherent to the South-eastern Europe and Mediterranean. It is also known from its scientific name as slavere which means to be saved. The leaves are greyish green in color with lance shaped and with a silvery bloom or prominent vein running throughout. It has the flower of purple, white, blue or pink in color along with a delightful aroma. The flower mostly blossoms in August. It is also used in Chinese and traditional European medicines. It is also used in the cosmetics and soaps as a fragrance due to its pleasant aroma.
Health Benefits of Sage Herb
The title of “Herb of the Year” was awarded in 2001 by the International Herb Association to Sage herb due to its health benefiting properties. Some of the effective health benefits are as follows:
1. Anti-ageing Benefits
The antioxidants found in sage can eliminate the signs of ageing such as fine lines, wrinkles and age spots. This antioxidant protects the skin cells against the free radicals damage which makes the skin premature. Calcium and Vitamin A is possessed in sage who protects the skin from the free radicals and strengthens the cell regeneration, minimizes the onset of facial wrinkles.
2. Treatment of hair loss
Sage possesses beta-sitosterol which is a 5-alpha reductase compound helps to treat the baldness. 3-4 drops of sage essential oil should be mixed with equal amount of rosemary and peppermint essential oils and it should be diluted in 1 tablespoon of olive oil. It should be massaged to the scalp twice a day.
3. Anti-inflammatory properties
The research which was conducted in Austria by the University of Vienna shows that the anti-inflammatory property is possessed in sage. The use of sage tea as a rinse or gargle helps to soothe inflammation. The German Commission also uses this herb to treat the inflamed mucous membrane of throat and mouth.
4. Treatment of Dyspepsia and Indigestion
It is a great tonic which treats the debility of stomach and digestive system flaws. The carminative effect can eliminate the indigestion symptoms by stimulating bile flow, intestinal mobility, digestive secretions and pancreatic function.
5. Treatment of skin problems
The sage helps to prevent the skin infection. The symptoms of psoriasis and eczema as well as acne can be cured by the sage as it possesses anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.
6. Treatment of Excessive sweating
The presence of antihydrotic properties in sage helps to reduce sweating. The studies have shown that the intake of sage tea helps to reduce the excessive sweating by 50%. It is effective for those who sweats a lot and also treats night sweats and hot flashes.
7. Treatment of Sore Throat
The infusion of sage helps to treat the inflamed throat, ulcerated throat and tonsils. For this, a pinch of dried sage leaves should be boiled in 100 ml of water and should be infused for 15 minutes. The concoction should be strained and some honey should be added to sweeten it. This should be used as a gargle twice a day to get relief.
8. Neurological Benefits
The intake of sage by the Alzheimer’s patients helps to enhance the memory and information processing. It improves the level of acetylcholinesterase (Ach) in the brain which upgrades the concentration and treats the memory loss related with Alzheimer’s.
9. Treats Asthma
The tensions in smooth muscles are reduced by the anti-spasmodic effect found in sage. The asthma attacks could be prevented by the adding it to the steam inhalation. It helps to eliminate the congestion of mucous in the airways and also prevents the secondary infections.
10. Stimulates Hair Growth
Hair could be thickened, shiny and stronger by the combination of rosemary and sage. It encourages the growth of new hairs and improves the circulation to the scalp as the hair follicles are provided more nutrients. The rosemary and sage herbs could be boiled in the water which makes a sage rosemary hair rinse. This rinse can revitalize the thin and dry hair as well as improves the hair quality. It can be used for one week regularly or once or twice a week which helps to maintain the thickness and shine. Due to its astringent properties, it prevents the clogged hair follicles and also lowers dandruff.
11. Dental Health
When it is used as the mouthwash, it treats the cankers, throat infections and gum disease. To treat cankers, the one should gargle with strong sage tea or freeze it into ice cubes which help to soothe cankers.
12. Diabetes prevention
The study which was conducted on laboratory animals and published in “British Journal of Nutrition” shows that the sage lowers the blood glucose as it restricts the release of stored glucose from the liver, a function where the liver response to the hormone which is called glucagon. The authors suggested that the sage might prevent the Type 2 diabetes. Well, it should be studied on human subjects for its confirmation.
13. Beneficial for Women
Sage possesses astringent tannins which have the estrogenic effect helps to dry up the milk supply or get relieve from the hot flashes during menopause.
14. Cardiovascular Benefits
Salvigenin, a flavone is present in three lobed sages. It helps to protect the body from cardiovascular diseases with its vascular relaxant effect.
15. Pain Management
The study which was published in “Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology research” in May 2012 shows that the combination of marjoram, lavender and sage (clary sage) helps to reduce the menstrual pain. The combined oil is applied by the patients from the end of one menstrual period to the beginning of the net. The result showed that with 75 percent the pain was reduced.
16. Treatment of Depression
The sage infusion contains Thujone which is a GABA and Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist. The concentration is improved which helps to deal with depression and grief.
The essential oils such as cineol, bornyl, camphene, borneol and actate are possessed in sage oil which is effective for astringent, stimulant, tonic and diaphoretic. The external application of this oil can ease the painful ailments such rheumatism, muscle stiffness and other neuralgic conditions. It is used in aromatherapy to relieve fatigue, nervousness, headaches, stress, anxiety and tiredness. Sage tea or infusion helps to treat liver problems, hemorrhage of lungs, measles, stomach, typhoid fever, kidney troubles and biliousness.
History of Sage Herb
Since ancient times it has been used for guard evil, increases women’s fertility, snakebites etc. In the early middle Ages, Charlemagne recommended the plant for cultivation and in monastery gardens; it was cultivated during the Carolingian Empire. Through the middle Ages, the plant was highly reputed for its healing values and properties. It is also considered as an ingredient of Four Thieves Vinegar named S. salvatrix which helps to keep the plague at bay. The sage was recommended by Pliny, Dioscorides and Galen as the hemostatic, diuretic, tonic and emmenangogue. Sage was stated by John Gerard’s Herball as a great for head and brain, strengthen the memory and senses, sinews and rehabilitate health.
Types of sage
Sages are of various types which are commonly grown for culinary or medicinal purposes such as:
Home remedies using sage
Some conditions and ailments could be treated naturally with the use of sage. It can be found on the stores that sells herbs. It is also easily grown.
1. Toner for Oily skin
In a cup (250 ml) of boiling water, a spoonful of sage should be added. Let it steep for 30 minutes. Strain it and dab on the face after it is cooled.
2. Sore-throat gargle
Boil a half (100 ml) of water and a large pinch of dried sage leaves. It should be infused for 15 minutes. Then strain it and add honey to sweeten. Use it as a gargle twice a day.
3. Canker relief
The strong sage tea should be gargled or it should be freeze into the ice cubes and put it in the mouth which helps to relive cankers.
4. Hair rinse
Boil ¼ cup of water by adding a couple of pinches of sage leaves. After it is cooled, it should be used as a rinse which helps to lift lackluster locks and treats dandruff.
Suggested Medicinal Uses of Sage Herb
- In a cup of hot water, one or two teaspoons should be brewed for 10 minutes. After the fluid is strained, it should be used to gargle which help to alleviate sore throat.
- In a cup of boiling water, two teaspoons of crushed sage leaves should be steeped for about 15 minutes. The liquid should be strained and cooled. This sage tea should be drink for three to four times in a day which helps to alleviate hot flashes and night sweats.
- The sage infusion should be consumed by the diabetic patients on an empty stomach which reduces the level of blood sugar. The blood sugar should be carefully monitored while using this home remedy to prevent hypoglycemia.
- Sage also enhances the relaxation with sound sleep. The dried leaves should be filled in a small pillow to make a sage pillow. The one can mix the juice of lemon to the sage tea and add honey for sweetness.
- Boil a cup of water with sage and mullein leaves (one teaspoon each). Then drink this concoction daily which helps to cure the asthma effectively. The steam of this infusion could be inhaled (not hot).
- It helps to increase the appetite if it is consumed regularly. The anorexia sufferers could be helped with this sage tea. It also assists in the purification of blood. It facilitates digestion and alleviates intestinal gas.
- In 150 ml of boiling water, three grams of sage leaves should be steeped for 10 minutes. Strain and cool the solution. The issues such as mouth ulcers, canker sores, gingivitis, cold sores and tongue sores could be healed if this liquid is used like a mouth wash.
- Some sage leaves and fennel seeds should be added to a cup of boiled water and it should be covered for 10 minutes. It should be strained and drink it as tea which helps to reduce throat infection. Or the gargle should be done with this liquid.
- In a cup of boiling water, add tablespoon of sage leaves which should be boiled for 10 minutes. The half a cup of solution should be drink one or twice a day. It is good to cure the fever naturally.
- The one should drink one or two cups of sage tea daily for a few days to prevent the mammary glands from milk production.
- A sage tea should be drink for few times in order to ease menstrual cramps.
- Sage helps to darken the color of the hair. The sage infusion should be applied on the hair before shampooing for 5-10 minutes. This procedure should be followed for once a week for few weeks. If this solution is used to rinse the hair regularly then it enhances the growth of hair.
- Massage the scalp with the mixture of coconut oil, olive oil and jojoba oil which enhances the hair growth and also strengthens the hair. Sage infusion could also be added to the shampoo.
- Massaging the diluted sage oil to the aching joints and drinking sage tea helps to relieve rheumatoid arthritis. It also helps to alleviate sciatic nerve.
- A cloth should be soaked in a sage tea and it should be placed on the forehead which helps to get rid of headache.
- It could be used as a natural breathe freshener by rubbing the sage leaves on the teeth and tongue. It also cures the bleeding gums. The juice of fresh sage leaves heals the insect bites.
- There is a belief that the sage leaves possess spiritual properties.
Recipe using Sage Herb
Fried eggs with sage
- 1 tbsp. of olive oil
- 1 pinch of fresh sage leaves
- 1 egg
- Heat a large frying pan; add the oil and then the sage leaves. Once they have fried to a translucent colour move them over to the side of the pan and add the egg.
- Pop the fried sage on the top of the egg and season with salt and pepper.
- Serve with well-buttered toast.
The pregnant women should avoid the use of sage essential oil because it vitalizes the urine contractions. As it does not consist of side effects but it increases the blood pressure of some individuals. The presence of chemical thujone may increase the toxic effects if it is taken for a long time. The person with seizure disorders should not use sage herb excessively or for a long periods. The sage essential oil should be applied by diluting it in essential oil or water to avoid skin irritation. The oil should not be consumed.